Gender Mandates in Climate Policy

Before you start

In the last few years, the UNFCCC – the only one out of three Rio Conventions that lacked mandates on women’s rights and gender equality from the outset – has made major strides in integrating gender across all thematic areas in the negotiations. Most notable in recent years are the launch in 2014 of the Lima Work Programme on Gender and the integration of gender in the Paris Agreement as a preambular principle for all climate action, as well as in relation to adaptation and capacity building. Decisions have aimed to enhance gender equality via both policy and practice, encouraging gender balance in decision-making as well as responsiveness to gender issues in the development, implementation and monitoring of climate change policies and actions.

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Gender reference

Further reiterates that adaptation should follow a country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory and fully transparent approach & should be based on and guided by gender-sensitive approaches. Additionally, the guidelines for the formulation of NAPs states that in developing NAPs, consideration would be given to the effective and continued promotion of participatory and gender-sensitive approaches.

Elaborated language

       The Conference of the Parties,

        Recalling Article 4, paragraphs 4 and 9, and relevant Articles of the Convention, Also recalling decision 1/CP.16,

Acknowledging that national adaptation planning can enable all developing and developed country Parties to assess their vulnerabilities, to mainstream climate change risks and to address adaptation,

Also acknowledging that, because of their development status, climate change risks magnify development challenges for least developed countries,

Recognizing the need to address adaptation planning in the broader context of sustainable development planning,

  1. Framing national adaptation plans
    1. Agrees that the objectives of the national adaptation plan process are as follows:
      1. To reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience;
      2. To facilitate the integration of climate change adaptation, in a coherent manner, into relevant new and existing policies, programmes and activities, in particular development planning processes and strategies, within all relevant sectors and at different levels, as appropriate;
    2. Also agrees that planning for adaptation at the national level is a continuous, progressive and iterative process, the implementation of which should be based on nationally identified priorities, including those reflected in the relevant national documents, plans and strategies, and coordinated with national sustainable development objectives, plans, policies and programmes;
    3. Further agrees that enhanced action on adaptation should be undertaken in accordance with the Convention, should follow a country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory and fully transparent approach, taking into consideration vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems, and should be based on and guided by the best available science and, as appropriate, traditional and indigenous knowledge, and by gender-sensitive approaches, with a view to integrating adaptation into relevant social, economic and environmental policies and actions, where appropriate;
    4. Agrees that the national adaptation plan process should not be prescriptive, nor result in the duplication of efforts undertaken in-country, but should rather facilitate country-owned, country-driven action;
  1. A process to enable least developed country Parties to formulate and implement national adaptation plans
  1. Guidelines
    1. Agrees that the formulation of national adaptation plans should build on and complement existing adaptation planning;
    2. Decides to adopt the initial guidelines for the formulation of national adaptation plans contained in the annex to this decision;
    3. Invites Parties and relevant organizations to submit to the secretariat, by 13 February 2013, information on their experiences with the application of the guidelines for the national adaptation plan process for least developed country Parties, for compilation by the secretariat into a miscellaneous document for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its thirty-eighth session;
    4. Requests the secretariat to prepare a synthesis report on experiences with the application of the guidelines for the national adaptation plan process in least developed country Parties, taking into account the submissions referred to in paragraph 7 above and other relevant sources of information, for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its thirty-eighth session;
    5. Decides to take stock of, and if necessary revise, the guidelines mentioned in paragraph 6 above at its nineteenth session, taking into account the submissions referred to in paragraph 7 above, the synthesis report referred to in paragraph 8 above, reports of the Least Developed Country Expert Group and other relevant sources of information;
    6. Invites least developed country Parties to use the guidelines and modalities contained in this decision, in accordance with their national circumstances, in preparing their national adaptation plans;
    7. Also invites least developed country Parties to strive to implement institutional arrangements to facilitate their national adaptation plan process, building on existing institutions and consistent with their national circumstances;
  2. Modalities
    1. Decides on the following modalities to support and enable least developed country Parties to formulate and implement national adaptation plans, inter alia:
      1. Technical guidelines for the national adaptation plans;
      2. Workshops and expert meetings;
      3. Training activities;
      4. Regional exchanges;
      5. Syntheses of experiences, best practices and lessons learned;
      6. Technical papers;
      7. Technical advice;
    2. Requests the Least Developed Countries Expert Group to provide technical guidance and support to the national adaptation plan process, as appropriate;
    3. Also requests the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, in carrying out its mandate to support the identification and implementation of medium- and long-term adaptation in least developed countries, to prioritize support for the formulation and implementation of national adaptation plans;
    4. Further requests the Least Developed Countries Expert Group to prepare technical guidelines as referred to in paragraph 12(a) above for the national adaptation plan process, based on the initial guidelines, included in the annex to this decision;
    5. Requests the Least Developed Countries Expert Group to arrange a review of the above-mentioned technical guidelines and to identify support needs for the process of formulation and implementation of the national adaptation plans, including through the modalities referred to in paragraph 12 above;
    6. Also requests the Least Developed Countries Expert Group to invite the Adaptation Committee and other relevant bodies under the Convention to contribute to its work in support of the national adaptation plan process; and to report, as appropriate;
    7. Invites national and regional centres and networks to strengthen their programmes and engage in support of the national adaptation plan process in least developed country Parties, at the regional, national and subnational levels, as appropriate, in a manner that is country-driven and that encourages cooperation and coordination between regional stakeholders;
    8. Also invites Parties to strengthen their engagement with regional centres and networks, where possible, in the process of formulation and implementation of the national adaptation plan process in least developed country Parties;
    9. Requests developed country Parties to continue to provide least developed country Parties with finance, technology and capacity-building in accordance with decision 1/CP.16, including paragraph 18, and other relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties;
  1. Financial arrangements for the formulation and implementation of national adaptation plans
    1. Urges developed country Parties to mobilize financial support for the national adaptation plan process for least developed country Parties through bilateral and multilateral channels, including through the Least Developed Countries Fund, in accordance with decision 1/CP.16;
    2. Requests the Global Environment Facility, as an operating entity of the financial mechanism, through the Least Developed Countries Fund, to consider how to enable activities for the preparation of the national adaptation plan process for least developed countries Parties, while maintaining progress for the least developed countries work programme, which includes the national adaptation programmes of action;
    3. Invites United Nations organizations, specialized agencies and other relevant organizations, as well as bilateral and multilateral agencies, to support the national adaptation plan process in least developed country Parties and, where possible, to consider establishing support programmes for the national adaptation plan process within their mandates, as appropriate, which could facilitate financial and technical support to least developed country Parties; and to submit to the secretariat, by 13 February 2012, information on how they have responded to this invitation;
    4. Also invites Parties and relevant organizations as well as bilateral and multilateral agencies, to submit to the secretariat, by 13 February 2012, information on support to the national adaptation plan process in least developed countries;
    5. Further invites the Global Environment Facility, as an operating entity of the financial mechanism for the operation of the Least Developed Countries Fund, to submit information to the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, through the secretariat, by 13 February 2012, on how they could enable activities undertaken as part of the national adaptation plan process in least developed country Parties, for compilation by the secretariat into a miscellaneous document for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its thirty-sixth session;
    6. Requests the secretariat to prepare a synthesis report on the support for the national adaptation plan process for least developed country Parties, taking into account the submissions referred to in paragraphs 23–25 above and other relevant sources of information, for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its thirty-sixth session;
    7. Also requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to consider guidance on policies and programmes to enable support for the national adaptation plan process for least developed country Parties, at its thirty-sixth session, taking into account, inter alia, the guidance in decision 27/CP.7 and the synthesis report referred to in paragraph 26 above, and taking into account other relevant decisions on financial support under the Convention, for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its eighteenth session;
  1. An invitation to developing country Parties that are not least developed country Parties to employ the modalities for national adaptation plans
    1. Reiterates the invitation to other developing country Parties to employ the modalities for national adaptation plans elaborated in this decision;
    2. Invites interested developing country Parties that are not least developed country Parties to use the guidelines for the national adaptation plans for least developed country Parties adopted in this decision, in accordance with their national circumstances, when formulating their national adaptation plans;
    3. Requests the Adaptation Committee, in accordance with its agreed functions, to consider, in its workplan, the relevant modalities for supporting interested developing country Parties that are not least developed country Parties, to plan, prioritize and implement their national adaptation planning measures, including through the use of the modalities contained in this decision, and to report to the Conference of the Parties at its eighteenth session;
    4. Invites the operating entities of the financial mechanism of the Convention, bilateral and multilateral organizations and other institutions as appropriate, to provide financial and technical support to developing country Parties to plan, prioritize and implement their national adaptation planning measures, consistent with decision 1/CP.16 and relevant provisions of the Convention;

    IV. Reporting, monitoring and evaluation

  1. Invites Parties to provide information, through their national communications, on what measures they have undertaken and on support provided or received relevant to the national adaptation plan process;
  2. Encourages least developed country Parties, to the extent possible, to provide information on their national adaptation plan process through their national communications, as well as other channels;
  3. Requests the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, the Adaptation Committee and other relevant bodies under the Convention to include information in their reports on how they have responded to the requests made in this decision and on their activities relevant to the national adaptation plan process, as per their respective mandates;
  4. Invites United Nations organizations, multilateral, intergovernmental and other international and regional organizations to provide information on their activities to support the national adaptation plan process;
  5. Requests the secretariat, consistent with Article 8 of the Convention, to collect, compile and synthesize information needed by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to monitor and evaluate the progress made on the national adaptation plan process, drawing upon information in accordance with paragraphs 32-35 above;
  6. Also requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to monitor and evaluate progress made on the national adaptation plan process at its forty-second session, based on the reports by the secretariat referred to in paragraph 36 above, with a view to making recommendations to the Conference of the Parties, as appropriate;
  7. Further requests the secretariat to utilize and enhance existing databases, to include information on support and other activities under the national adaptation plan process, as appropriate;
  8. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

Annex

Initial guidelines for the formulation of national adaptation plans by least developed country Parties

  1. Introduction

1. The elements described in paragraphs 2–6 below are indicative of the activities that can be undertaken in the development of national adaptation plans (NAPs). The planning of such activities will depend on national circumstances and should be determined by least developed country Parties.

II.      Elements of national adaptation plans

  1. Laying the groundwork and addressing gaps
    1. Activities undertaken under this element would be planned with a view to identifying weaknesses and gaps in enabling environments, and addressing them as necessary, to support the formulation of comprehensive adaptation plans, programmes and policies, through, inter alia:
      1. Identification and assessment of institutional arrangements, programmes, policies and capacities for overall coordination and leadership on adaptation;
      2. Assessment of available information on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation, measures taken to address climate change, and gaps and needs, at the national and regional levels;
      3. Comprehensive, iterative assessments of development needs and climate vulnerabilities.
  2. Preparatory elements
    1. In developing NAPs, consideration would be given to identifying specific needs, options and priorities on a country-driven basis, utilizing the services of national and, where appropriate, regional institutions, and to the effective and continued promotion of participatory and gender-sensitive approaches coordinated with sustainable development objectives, policies, plans and programmes. Activities may include the following:
      1. Design and development of plans, policies and programmes by considering decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 14(a), to address the gaps and needs referred to in paragraph 2 above;
      2. Assessments of medium- and long-term adaptation needs, and, as appropriate, development needs and climate vulnerabilities;
      3. Activities aimed at integrating climate change adaptation into national and subnational development and sectoral planning;
      4. Participatory stakeholder consultations;
      5. Communication, awareness-raising and education.
  1. Implementation strategies
    1. Activities carried out as part of the implementation strategies would take into consideration the following:
      1. Prioritizing work according to development needs and climate change vulnerability and risk;
      2. Strengthening institutional and regulatory frameworks to support adaptation;
      3. Training and coordination at the sectoral and subnational levels;
      4. Public dissemination of information on the national adaptation plan process, to be made available to the public and to the UNFCCC secretariat;
      5. Considering other relevant multilateral frameworks and international programmes and initiatives, with a view to building on and complementing existing adaptation planning.
  2. Reporting, monitoring and review
    1. These activities, including national adaptation plan documents, could be included in national strategies and plans, as appropriate.
    2. Under this element, Parties should undertake a regular review, at intervals that they determine:
      1. To address inefficiencies, incorporating the results of new assessments and emerging science and reflect lessons learned from adaptation efforts;
      2. To monitor and review the efforts undertaken, and provide information in their national communications on the progress made and the effectiveness of the national adaptation plan process.

 

 

Gender reference

Underlines that the national adaptation plan process should build on and complement existing adaptation planning, should not be prescriptive and should facilitate country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory action

Elaborated language

 

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling Article 4, paragraphs 4 and 9, and other relevant Articles of the Convention,

Also recalling decisions 11/CP.1, 27/CP.7, 1/CP.16, 2/CP.17, 3/CP.17 and 5/CP.17,

Further recalling the initial guidelines for the formulation of national adaptation plans by the least developed country Parties, adopted by decision 5/CP.17,

Reaffirming that because of their development status, climate change risks magnify the development challenges for the least developed country Parties,

Recalling that national adaptation plans are a process to enable the least developed country Parties to formulate and implement national adaptation plans, building upon their experience in preparing and implementing national adaptation programmes of action, as a means of identifying medium- and long -term adaptation needs and developing and implementing strategies and programmes to address those needs, and that other developing country Parties were invited to employ the modalities formulated to support national adaptation plans in the elaboration of their planning effort,

Underlining that planning for adaptation at the national level is a continuous, progressive and iterative process, the implementation of which should be based on nationally identified priorities, including those reflected in the relevant national documents, plans and strategies, and coordinated with national sustainable development objectives, plans, policies and programmes,

Encouraging the Adaptation Committee, in accordance with its agreed functions, to continue its work in developing the relevant modalities for supporting interested developing countries that are not least developed country Parties to plan, prioritize and implement their national adaptation planning measures, including through the use of the modalities contained in decision 5/CP.17,

Reaffirming the importance of the need to address adaptation planning in the broader context of sustainable development planning,

Underlining that the national adaptation plan process should build on and complement existing adaptation planning, should not be prescriptive and should facilitate country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory action, taking into consideration vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems,

Appreciating the contributions made by developed country Parties to the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Special Climate Change Fund to date,

Recognizing that the Green Climate Fund will support developing countries in pursuing project-based and programmatic approaches in accordance with climate change strategies and plans, such as national adaptation programmes of action, national adaptation plans and other related activities,

Also recognizing the important role of the Convention in catalysing support for the least developed country Parties to undertake the national adaptation plan process, noting the range of activities and programmes, both under and outside of the Convention, which contribute to, and enhance, the national adaptation plan process,

Recalling its request to the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to consider guidance on policies and programmes to enable support for the national adaptation plan process for the least developed country Parties, at its thirty-sixth session, for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its eighteenth session,

Welcoming the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change compilation of case studies on national adaptation planning processes, and the report on the twenty-second meeting of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group,

  1. Decides to provide the following guidance to the Global Environment Facility, as the operating entity of the financial mechanism of the Convention for the operation of the Least Developed Countries Fund, to enable activities for the preparation of the national adaptation plan process by the least developed country Parties. The operating entity is requested:
    1. As a first step under the national adaptation plan process, to provide funding from the Least Developed Countries Fund, to meet the agreed full cost, as appropriate, of activities to enable the preparation of the national adaptation plan process as described in the elements contained in paragraphs 2–6 of the initial guidelines for the formulation of national adaptation plans in the annex to decision 5/CP.17;
    2. To provide support for the national adaptation plan process, while maintaining support for the least developed countries work programme, including national adaptation programmes of action;
    3. To encourage a flexible approach that enables the least developed country Parties to access funding for components of the national adaptation plan process as identified by the least developed country Parties in response to national needs and circumstances;
  2. Requests the operating entity referred to in paragraph 1 above to include in its report to the Conference of the Parties information on the steps it has undertaken to implement the provisions of this decision;
  3. Urges developed country Parties to mobilize financial support for the national adaptation plan process for interested developing country Parties that are not least developed country Parties through bilateral and multilateral channels, including through the Special Climate Change Fund, in accordance with decision 1/CP.16, as it urged developed country Parties to mobilize financial support for the national adaptation plan process for least developed country Parties in decision 5/CP.17, paragraph 21;
  4. Requests the Global Environment Facility, as an operating entity of the financial mechanism of the Convention, through the Special Climate Change Fund, to consider how to enable activities for the preparation of the national adaptation plan process for interested developing country Parties that are not least developed country Parties, as it requested the Global Environment Facility, through the Least Developed Countries Fund, to consider how to enable activities for the preparation of the national adaptation plan process for the least developed country Parties in decision 5/CP.17, paragraph 22;
  5. Invites developed country Parties to further contribute to the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Special Climate Change Fund to support the activities for the preparation of the national adaptation plan process in accordance with decision 1/CP.16, including paragraph 18, and other relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties;
  6. Also invites the operating entities of the financial mechanism of the Convention, bilateral and multilateral agencies and other relevant organizations, as appropriate, to take this decision into account when providing financial and technical support to developing country Parties in responding to decision 5/CP.17;
  7. Further invites Parties and relevant organizations to continue to assist the least developed country Parties, drawing upon the work of, and where appropriate in consultation with, the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, in building national institutional arrangements and capacities, and to support scientific and technical capacity needs, as identified by the least developed country Parties, for undertaking the national adaptation plan process;
  8. Invites United Nations organizations, specialized agencies and other relevant organizations, as well as bilateral and multilateral agencies, to support the national adaptation plan process in the least developed country Parties and, where possible, to consider establishing or enhancing support programmes for the national adaptation plan process within their mandates, as appropriate, which could facilitate financial and technical support to the least developed country Parties, drawing upon the work of, and where appropriate in consultation with, the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, and to keep the Subsidiary Body for Implementation informed, through the secretariat, on how they have responded to this invitation;
  9. Also invites Parties and relevant organizations to share best practices and lessons learned in addressing adaptation, through the ongoing work of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change, and other bodies and ongoing work under the Convention;
  10. Reiterates the request to the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, the Adaptation Committee and other relevant bodies under the Convention to include information in their reports on how they have responded to the requests made in this decision and on their activities relevant to the national adaptation plan process, as per their respective mandates, and to make recommendations accordingly;
  11. Decides to assess the progress made in implementing this decision, and to consider the adoption of further guidance, as appropriate, at its twentieth session. 

Gender reference

Recalls decisions 1/CP.16,5/CP.17 and 12/CP.18, which mandate a gender-sensitive approach to the development of national adaptation plans.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 1/CP.16, 5/CP.17 and 12/CP.18,

Affirming that best value adaptation is achieved through early and integrated planning and action at all levels,

Reaffirming the importance of addressing adaptation planning in the broader context of sustainable development,

Noting that addressing climate change risks and impacts will contribute to achieving long-term sustainable development,

Recalling that planning for adaptation at the national level is a continuous, progressive and iterative process, the implementation of which should be based on nationally identified priorities, including those reflected in the relevant national documents, plans and strategies, and coordinated with national sustainable development objectives, plans, policies and programmes,

  1. Emphasizes that undertaking the national adaptation plan process is an investment for the future that will enable countries to assess and prioritize adaptation needs in a coherent and strategic manner;
  2. Welcomes the technical guidelines for the national adaptation plan process, which will assist the least developed country Parties in undertaking their national adaptation plan process, and which may be used by other Parties;
  3. Also welcomes the establishment of the national adaptation plan global support programme for the least developed countries for facilitating technical support to the least developed country Parties;
  4. Invites developed country Parties, United Nations organizations, specialized agencies and other relevant organizations, as well as bilateral and multilateral agencies, to continue to enhance financial and technical support to the national adaptation plan process for the least developed country Parties, and other interested developing country Parties that are not least developed countries;
  5. Also invites United Nations organizations, specialized agencies and other relevant organizations, as well as bilateral and multilateral agencies, to consider establishing or enhancing support programmes for the national adaptation plan process within their mandates, as appropriate, which could facilitate the provision of financial and technical support to developing country Parties that are not least developed countries, and to submit to the secretariat, by 26 March 2014, information on how they have responded to this invitation;
  6. Further invites Parties and relevant organizations to submit, by 26 March 2014, information on their experience with the application of the initial guidelines for the formulation of national adaptation plans, as well as any other information relevant to the formulation and implementation of the national adaptation plans, for compilation by the secretariat into a miscellaneous document, for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its fortieth session (June 2014);
  7. Decides to continue to take stock of, and, if necessary, revise the initial guidelines for the formulation of national adaptation plans at its twentieth session (December 2014), taking into account the submissions referred to in paragraph 6 above.

Gender reference

Reiterates that the national adaptation plan process is a country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory and fully transparent approach, taking into consideration vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems, and should be based on and guided by the best available science and, as appropriate, traditional and indigenous knowledge, with a view to integrating adaptation into relevant social, economic and environmental policies and actions, where appropriate;

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 1/CP.16, 5/CP.17, 12/CP.18 and 18/CP.19,

  1. Decides that a revision of the initial guidelines for the formulation of national adaptation plans is not necessary at this time;
  2. Recognizes that the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans is fundamental for building adaptive capacity and reducing vulnerability to the impacts of climate change;
  3. Reiterates that the national adaptation plan process is a country-driven, gender-sensitive, participatory and fully transparent approach, taking into consideration vulnerable groups, communities and ecosystems, and should be based on and guided by the best available science and, as appropriate, traditional and indigenous knowledge, with a view to integrating adaptation into relevant social, economic and environmental policies and actions, where appropriate;
  4. Recognizes the continuous, iterative and long-term nature of the national adaptation plan process, and that the national adaptation plans can serve as an important tool for ensuring a common understanding and for communicating progress made towards both reducing vulnerability and integrating climate change adaptation into national and development planning;
  5. Acknowledges the importance of communicating, in a flexible manner, what the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans involves, as well as the outputs and outcomes of that process;
  6. Decides that there is a need to enhance the reporting on the process to formulate and implement the national adaptation plans;
  7. Notes that there is a need to strengthen the existing reporting related to the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans under the Convention;
  8. Decides to explore options for enhancing reporting related to the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans as a part of the workshop referred to in document FCCC/SBI/2014/8, paragraph 106, and the review to monitor and evaluate progress made on the national adaptation plan process referred to in decision 5/CP.17, paragraph 37;
  9. Invites least developed country Parties and other interested developing country Parties that are not least developed countries that may wish to do so to forward outputs, including national adaptation plan documents, and outcomes related to the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans, to the NAP Central;
  10. Decides to further consider how to enhance reporting related to the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans at the forty-second session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (June 2015);
  11. Requests the Adaptation Committee and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, in collaboration with the Green Climate Fund, as an operating entity of the Financial Mechanism, to consider how to best support developing country Parties in accessing funding from the Green Climate Fund for the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans, and to report thereon to the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its forty-second session.

Gender reference

Recalls decision 1/CP.16 which states that adaptation must be gender-sensitive. Recognizes the importance of indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices, and gender-sensitive approaches and tools for adaptation to climate change and decides that activities under the Nairobi work programme should integrate gender issues, indigenous and traditional knowledge, and the role of and impacts on ecosystems.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling 2/CP.11, 1/CP.16 and 6/CP.17,

Recognizing the evolving scientific and technical information and knowledge needs related to impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change,

Also recognizing the importance of indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices, and gender-sensitive approaches and tools for adaptation to climate change,

Noting the need to build on the experiences gained, partnerships built and knowledge generated during the implementation of the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change to date,

Welcoming the report of the Adaptation Committee,1

  1. Decides to continue the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change within the framework of the provisions of decision 2/CP.11, addressing the knowledge needs arising from, inter alia, the Cancun Adaptation Framework and other relevant workstreams and bodies under the Convention and the knowledge needs identified by Parties;
  2. Also decides that the relevance of the Nairobi work programme should be enhanced, on the basis of, inter alia:
    1. Activities that build upon each other and are linked to issues that are practical and that engage adaptation practitioners;
    2. The development of linkages with other relevant workstreams, including the national adaptation plan process, research and systematic observation and bodies under the Convention, including the Adaptation Committee, the Least Developed Countries Expert Group and the Technology Mechanism;
    3. The development of knowledge products to improve the understanding and assessment of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation in response to needs identified by Parties;
    4. Support for the effective dissemination of knowledge products at the regional, national and subnational levels through, inter alia, knowledge networks and national focal points, particularly in developing countries;
  3. Recognizes that the effectiveness of the modalities of the Nairobi work programme should be enhanced, including through:
    1. The improvement of the relevance and dissemination of knowledge products under the Nairobi work programme to inform adaptation planning and actions at the regional, national and subnational levels;
    2. Improved approaches to engaging and collaborating with Nairobi work programme partner organizations, adaptation practitioners and experts, including regional centres and networks, to better inform adaptation planning and actions at the regional, national and subnational levels;
    3. The further development of the Nairobi work programme Focal Point Forum;
  4. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to consider, at its fortieth session (June 2014), ways to enhance the effectiveness of the modalities described in paragraph 3 above;
  5. Also requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to consider, inter alia, the following issues:
    1. Ecosystems;
    2. Human settlements;
    3. Water resources;
    4. Health;
  6. Further requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, at its forty-first session (December 2014), to further discuss issues, as appropriate, for consideration under the Nairobi work programme;
  7. Decides that activities under the Nairobi work programme should integrate gender issues, indigenous and traditional knowledge, and the role of and impacts on ecosystems;
  8. Encourages Parties, Nairobi work programme partner organizations and adaptation practitioners to support the effective implementation of the Nairobi work programme by increasing collaboration with regional centres and networks, in particular those in developing countries, that provide and disseminate information and knowledge at the regional and national levels;
  9. Also encourages Nairobi work programme partner organizations to support the effective implementation of the Nairobi work programme by reporting on the actions and outcomes associated with the fulfilment of action pledges and addressing calls for action;
  10. Invites the Adaptation Committee, in accordance with its mandate and functions, to provide further recommendations for activities to be undertaken under the Nairobi work programme;
  11. Urges developed country Parties to provide support, including financial support, for the implementation of the Nairobi work programme;
  12. Invites other Parties, organizations, agencies and Nairobi work programme partner organizations to provide support for the implementation of the Nairobi work programme, as appropriate;
  13. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice:
    1. To consider and further elaborate additional activities, including the timing of such activities in the implementation of the Nairobi work programme, at its fortieth session;
    2. To take stock of progress in the implementation of the Nairobi work programme and to further elaborate additional activities, including the timing of such activities, at its forty-fourth session (May 2016);
    3. To review the Nairobi work programme at its forty-eighth session, with a view to further improving its relevance and effectiveness, and to report to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fourth session.

Gender reference

Requests the secretariat to organize, in collaboration with Nairobi work programme partner organizations and other relevant organizations, workshops on water and climate change and ecosystems-based approaches, which include indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices for adaptation and gender-sensitive tools and approaches as cross-cutting issues.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 1/CP.10 and 2/CP.11,

    1. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to reconsider, at its thirty-eighth session, the work areas of the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change with a view to making recommendations to the Conference of the Parties at its nineteenth session on how to best support the objectives of the Nairobi work programme; this process would further inform the organization of potential future areas of work that could also support the scientific and technical work under the Cancun Adaptation Framework, as appropriate;

    2. Invites Parties and relevant organizations to submit to the secretariat, by 17 September 2012, their views on potential future areas of work of the Nairobi work programme;

  1. Requests the secretariat to compile those submissions into a miscellaneous document for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice at its thirty-eighth session in order to inform the process mentioned in paragraph 1 above;
  2. Also requests the secretariat to organize, in collaboration with Nairobi work programme partner organizations and other relevant organizations, the following workshops, informed by the information contained in annex I to the report of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on its thirty-fourth session and subsequent views of Parties, and to include indigenous and traditional knowledge and practices for adaptation and gender-sensitive tools and approaches as cross-cutting issues:
    1. A technical workshop, before the thirty-seventh session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, on water and climate change impacts and adaptation strategies;
    2. A technical workshop on ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation to climate change, before the thirty-eighth session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, taking into account the role of ecosystems, including forests, in adaptation; vulnerability and impacts in ecosystems; the implementation and benefits of ecosystem-based approaches for adaptation; and lessons learned, including through the three Rio Conventions;
  3. Further requests the secretariat to prepare reports on the workshops referred to in paragraph 4(a) and (b) above, to be made available by the thirty-seventh and thirty-eighth sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, respectively;
  4. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to consider, at its thirty-ninth session, relevant information and advice on the scientific, technical and socio-economic aspects of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change arising from the implementation of the Nairobi work programme for consideration by other relevant bodies under the Convention;
  1. Also requests the secretariat to prepare a compilation of case studies on national adaptation planning processes, including tools and approaches used for the prioritization and implementation of actions, building also on previous adaptation planning activities undertaken under the Nairobi work programme to date, by the thirty-seventh session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice;
  2. Further requests the secretariat, in order to enable Parties to make better use of knowledge products and information generated under the Nairobi work programme:
    1. To continue the development of user-friendly knowledge products and outputs, including those contributed by partner organizations;
    2. To enhance the dissemination of information and knowledge products developed under the Nairobi work programme;
  3. Invites Parties, in order to enable them to make better use of knowledge products and information generated under the Nairobi work programme, to disseminate the outcomes of the Nairobi work programme that are deemed useful for the assessment and implementation of adaptation actions, and to support their translation into other United Nations languages;
  4. Requests the secretariat to continue its efforts to further engage stakeholders in the Nairobi work programme;
  5. Encourages Nairobi work programme partner organizations and other stakeholders to further enhance their efforts through the better alignment of pledged actions with the needs of Parties and to provide, through the secretariat, periodic updates to Parties on the implementation of their pledged actions;
  6. Notes the value of the Focal Point Forum in facilitating information exchange and collaboration between partner organizations;
  7. Invites Parties and relevant organizations to continue to facilitate such exchanges, with a view to enhancing the implementation of the Nairobi work programme;
  8. Urges Parties included in Annex II to the Convention, and other Parties in a position to do so, to provide financial support for the implementation of the Nairobi work programme;
  9. Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of implementing this decision, as provided by the secretariat;
  10. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

 

Gender reference

Recalled decisions 1/CP.16 , 2/CP.17and 14/CP.18 which contain references to gender balance and gender considerations in the mission and modalities of the CTCN. Additionally, this decision requests the CTCN, in executing its modalities and procedures, to work in conjunction with the Technology Executive Committee to ensure coherence and synergy within the Technology Mechanism, with the intention of accelerating the development and transfer of technology, taking into account gender considerations. Finally, it reiterated that Government representatives to the CTCN Advisory Board should take into account the need to achieve gender balance in accordance with decisions 36/CP.7 and 23/CP.18.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 1/CP.16, 2/CP.17 and 14/CP.18, and in particular decision 2/CP.17, paragraph 135, in which the Climate Technology Centre and Network was requested, once it is operational, to elaborate its modalities and procedures and to report to the Conference of the Parties, through the subsidiary bodies, with a view to the Conference of the Parties adopting a decision on the matter at its nineteenth session,

  1. Welcomes with appreciation the report on modalities and procedures of the Climate Technology Centre and Network;
  2. Adopts the modalities and procedures of the Climate Technology Centre and Network, contained in annex I;
  3. Also adopts the rules of procedure of the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network, contained in annex II;
  4. Notes that the modalities and procedures elaborated by the Advisory Board of the

Climate Technology Centre and Network, which are based on the functions of the Climate Technology Centre and Network, include the following six key elements:

  1. Roles and responsibilities of the Climate Technology Centre and Network;
  2. Managing requests from national designated entities of developing countries and delivering responses;
  3. Fostering collaboration and access to information and knowledge in order to accelerate climate technology transfer;
  4. Strengthening networks, partnerships and capacity-building for climate technology transfer;
  5. Linkages with the Technology Executive Committee;
  6. Information and knowledge-sharing;
  1. Requests the Climate Technology Centre and Network, in executing its modalities and procedures, to work in conjunction with the Technology Executive Committee to ensure coherence and synergy within the Technology Mechanism, with the intention of:
    1. Accelerating the development and transfer of technology, taking into account gender considerations;
    2. Scaling up international collaboration on the development and transfer of technology;

      6. Recognizes the continuation of the efforts of the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Technology Executive Committee to ensure coherence and synergy within the Technology Mechanism;

      7. Requests the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Climate Technology Centre to engage, taking into account the difference in technological development, with institutions from developing and developed country Parties to become part of the Network, noting the need to comply with the Guiding principles and criteria for establishment of the Climate Technology Network

Annex I

[English only]

Modalities and procedures of the Climate Technology Centre and Network

  1. Definitions
    1. For the purpose of the modalities and procedures of the Climate Technology Centre and Network:
      1. “Convention” means the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC);
      2. “COP” means the Conference of the Parties to the Convention;
      3. “Parties” means Parties to the Convention;
      4. “Developing country Parties” means Parties to the Convention not included in Annex I to the Convention;
      5. “CTCN” means the Climate Technology Centre and Network formed by a Climate Technology Centre (CTC) and a Network managed by the CTC;
      6. “CTC” means the Climate Technology Centre that is hosted by the United Environment Programme (UNEP) in collaboration with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and supported by a technical resource pool formed by institutions;
      7. “Technical resource pool” means the 11 partner institutions that with UNEP and UNIDO submitted to the UNFCCC a proposal to host the CTCN;
      8. “Network” means the collection of institutions and other entities established in accordance with the criteria approved by the Advisory Board for the designation of members of the Network and its structure;
      9. ”Advisory Board” means the Advisory Board of the CTCN;
      10. “TEC” means the Technology Executive Committee;
      11. “CTCN terms of reference” means the terms of reference of the Climate Technology Centre and Network included in annex VII to decision 2/CP.17;
      12. “National designated entity” (NDE) means the national entity designated under decision 4/CP.13;
      13. “Prioritization criteria” means the criteria for prioritizing the requests from NDEs;
      14. “Technology needs assessments” means the technology needs assessments conducted under the framework for meaningful and effective actions to enhance the implementation of Article 4, paragraph 5, of the Convention adopted by decision 4/CP.7 and enhanced by decision 3/CP.13;
      15. “National adaptation programmes of action” means national adaptation programmes of action referred to in decision 5/CP.7, paragraph 11(c);
      16. “Nationally appropriate mitigation actions” means nationally appropriate mitigation actions referred to in decision 1/CP.16, chapter III.B;
      17. “National adaptation plans” means national adaptation plans referred to in decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 15.
  2. Roles and responsibilities of the Climate Technology Centre and Network
    1. The CTC, consistent with the terms of reference of the CTCN as described in decision 2/CP.17, paragraph 135, will:
      1. Receive requests from developing country Parties through their NDE;
      2. Assess with support from the technical resource pool the received requests and prioritize and refine those requests in conjunction with the NDE with the aim of determining their technical feasibility;
      3. Respond to requests, through either the Centre or the Network, based on considerations of appropriate capacity, expertise and cost-effectiveness;
      4. Build the CTC Network, applying the criteria for the structure of the Network and designation of organizations as members of the Network as approved by the CTCN Advisory Board;
      5. Manage and coordinate the Network in executing the work related to the functions of the CTCN;
      6. Monitor and evaluate the quality and effectiveness of responses in consultation with the requesting NDE;
      7. Ensure the application of fiduciary standards, and legal and ethical integrity by the Network members in executing the work related to the functions of the CTCN.
    2. The members of the Network of the CTCN will:
      1. Undertake the substantive work as directed by the CTC to respond to requests made to the CTCN by NDEs.
  1. Manage requests from developing country national designated entities and deliver responses
    1. In performing the functions described in decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 123(a)(i–iii) and (c)(iii), with regard to the management of requests from developing country Parties submitted through their NDEs, the modalities will consist of, inter alia, the following:
      1. Support countries in developing draft proposals into fully articulated proposals, building on their technology needs assessments (TNAs), national adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs), other national climate change strategies including research, development and demonstration (RD&D) related activities, to enable implementation and action, also in the form of nationally appropriate mitigation actions and national adaptation plans, in collaboration with the financial mechanism of the Convention, international financial institutions, and the private sector;
      2. Provide technical support and advice for development of TNAs, national technology road maps and actions plans, planning and implementation of climate technologies, and policies and measures in support of implementation;
      3. Provide technical support and advice on tools for identifying, planning and implementing climate technologies;
      4. Provide advice on policies and measures in support of implementation of climate technologies;
      5. Match needs to available support and facilitate access to support.

IV.      Foster collaboration and access to information and knowledge to accelerate climate technology transfer

  1. In performing the functions described in decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 123(a)(ii), (b) and (c)(v), with regard to fostering collaboration and access to information and knowledge to accelerate technology transfer, the modalities will consist of, inter alia, the following:
    1. Catalyse and develop information and knowledge regarding climate technologies including: needs for technologies, existing human resources development programmes and needs, best practices, RD&D programmes, analytical tools, training curriculums and academic programmes, technology deployment, etc., including online training packages;
    2. Assess available support for 1) identifying gaps and 2) opportunities for helping developing countries access support;
    3. Assess needs and opportunities for technology cooperation;
    4. Recommend to the Advisory Board policies and programme priorities related to technology development and transfer, with special consideration given to least developed country Parties.
  1. Strengthen networks, partnerships and capacity-building for climate technology transfer
    1. In performing the functions as contained in decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 123(c)(i), (ii) and (iv), with regard to strengthen networks, partnerships and capacity-building for climate technology transfer, the modalities will include, inter alia, the following:
      1. Catalyse and develop programmes to strengthen institutions and institutional capacities in developing countries;
      2. Catalyse and develop regional/national training programmes for projects seeking a range of needs including financing;
      3. Catalyse and develop capacity-building programmes targeted at developing technology cooperation and partnership forming capabilities of technology centres and institutes in developing countries;
      4. Catalyse and support forums conducted by the Network to promote public– private partnerships and partnerships between relevant organizations to advance technology RD&D;
      5. Catalyse forums to leverage resources from relevant agencies and centres and promote public and private investment (domestic and international) in the development and deployment of technologies.

VI. Linkages with the Technology Executive Committee

7. The CTCN, also through its Advisory Board, will consult with the Technology Executive Committee in order to promote coherence and synergy and establish procedures for preparing a joint annual report as requested by decisions 2/CP.17 and 14/CP.18.

VII.     Information and knowledge-sharing

  1. The CTCN should disseminate its outputs and facilitate knowledge-sharing through a well-functioning information platform that responds to the information and knowledge service requirements of its potential users, including NDEs, Parties and a wide range of technology actors, experts and stakeholders.
  2. The platform would be a tool used to promote the collaboration between various actors and to seek cooperation with relevant international organizations and initiatives. It would support the efforts of the CTCN by, inter alia: facilitate online training, peer-to-peer exchange, and expert advice; capture experiences and results of technology cooperation activities to achieve continuous learning and improvements to knowledge; collect, analyse, and communicate CTCN results and lessons learned and continuously gather external feedback from a variety of CTCN stakeholders and partner organizations; serve as a comprehensive, up-to-date, and easily accessible library of information on technology availability, costs, and performance; policies; financing; and other topics for use by countries, with seamless links to resources available from sources around the world; provide information to support matchmaking of country requests with existing international programs; share information on current CTCN activities and results; enable internal tracking and evaluation of CTCN activities.

Annex II

[English only]

Rules of procedure of the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network

  1. Scope

1. These rules of procedure shall apply to the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN) in accordance with decision 14/CP.18, paragraphs 7 and 15, and annex II thereto, on the constitution of the Advisory Board of the CTCN as well as on any other relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties.

  1. Definitions
    1. For the purpose of these rules:
      1. The “Convention” means the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC);
      2. The “COP” means the Conference of the Parties to the Convention;
      3. “CTCN” means the Climate Technology Centre and Network;
      4. The “Board” means the Advisory Board of the CTCN;
      5. The “Chair” means the member of the Board elected as Chair of the Board;
      6. The “Vice-Chair” means the member of the Board elected as Vice-Chair of the Board;
      7. “Stakeholders” mean the entities that have a role in the implementation of the functions of the Board, or who may affect or be affected by the recommendations and actions of the Board;
      8. The “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Board, as per decision 14/CP.18, annex II, paragraph 3.
  2. Members
    1. The Board of the CTCN, with the aim of achieving fair and balanced representation, shall constitute the following:
      1. Sixteen government representatives, comprising equal representation from Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties) and Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties);
      2. The Chair and the Vice-Chair of the Technology Executive Committee (TEC) in their official capacity as TEC representatives;
      3. One of the Co-Chairs, or a member designated by the Co-Chairs, of the Green Climate Fund Board in his/her official capacity as a Green Climate Fund representative;
      4. The Chair or the Vice-Chair of the Adaptation Committee, or a member designated by the Chair and the Vice-Chair, in his/her official capacity as an Adaptation Committee representative;
      5. One of the Co-Chairs, or a member designated by the Co-Chairs, of the Standing Committee in his/her official capacity as a Standing Committee representative;
      6. The Director of the CTCN in his/her official capacity as the CTCN representative;
      7. Three representatives, with one being selected by each of the following UNFCCC observer organization constituencies, taking into account balanced geographical representation: environmental non-governmental organizations, business and industry non-governmental organizations and research and independent non-governmental organizations, with relevant expertise in technology, finance or business, received by the host organization of the Climate Technology Centre (CTC), taking into account balanced geographical representation.
  1. Government representatives shall be nominated by their respective groups or constituencies and elected by the Conference of the Parties (COP). Groups or constituencies are encouraged to nominate the government representatives to the Board, with a view to achieving an appropriate balance of expertise relevant to the development and transfer of technologies for adaptation and mitigation, taking into account the need to achieve gender balance in accordance with decisions 36/CP.7 and 23/CP.18.
  2. Government representatives elected to the Board shall serve for a term of two years and shall be eligible to serve a maximum of two consecutive terms of office. The following rules shall apply:
    1. Half of the members shall be elected initially for a term of three years and half shall be elected for a term of two years;
    2. Thereafter, the COP shall elect half of the members every year for a term oftwo years;
    3. The members shall remain in office until their successors are elected.
  3. If a government representative of the Board resigns or is otherwise unable to complete the assigned term of office or to perform the functions of that office, the Board may decide, bearing in mind the proximity of the next session of the COP, to appoint another representative from the same constituency to replace said member for the remainder of that member’s mandate, in which case the appointment shall count as one term.
  4. The members of the Board referred to in paragraph 3(b) above shall serve in accordance with their term of office.
  5. The members of the Board referred to in paragraph 3(c), (d) and (e) above shall serve in accordance with their term of office.
  6. The members of the Board referred to in paragraph 3(g) above shall be eligible to serve for a maximum term of office of one year.
  7. The term of office of a member shall start at the first meeting of the Board in the calendar year following his or her election and shall end immediately before the first meeting of the Board in the calendar year following the term ends, as applicable two or three years thereafter.
  8. If a member is unable to participate in two consecutive meetings of the Board or is unable to perform the functions and tasks set out by the Board, the Chair of the Advisory Board will bring this matter to the attention of the Advisory Board and will seek clarification from the regional group that nominated that member on the status of his or her membership.

IV.      Chair and Vice-Chair

  1. The Advisory Board shall elect annually a Chair and a Vice-Chair from among the members referred to in paragraph 3(a) above for a term of one year each, with one being from an Annex I Party and the other being from a non-Annex I Party. The term shall start at the end of first meeting of the calendar year until the end of first meeting of the following calendar year. The positions of Chair and Vice-Chair shall alternate annually between a member from an Annex I Party and a member from a non-Annex I Party. After the Chair completes her or his term, the Vice-Chair shall be elected as the Chair, and another member shall be elected as Vice-Chair.
  2. If the Chair is temporarily unable to fulfil the obligations of the office, the Vice-Chair shall serve as Chair. In the absence of the Chair and the Vice-Chair at a particular meeting, any other members identified in paragraph 3(a) above designated by the Board shall temporarily serve as the Chair of that meeting.
  3. If the Chair or the Vice-Chair is unable to complete the term of office, the Board shall elect a replacement to complete the term of office, taking into account paragraph 12 above.
  4. The Chair and the Vice-Chair shall collaborate in chairing meetings of the Board and in executing the work of the Board throughout the year so as to ensure coherence between meetings.
  5. The Chair shall, inter alia, declare the opening and closing of the meeting, ensure the observance of these rules, accord the right to speak and announce decisions. The Chair shall rule on points of order and, subject to these rules, shall have complete control of the proceedings and over the maintenance of order.
  6. The Chair and/or the Vice-Chair, or any member designated by the Board, shall report to the COP, to the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, and/or to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on behalf of the Board.
  7. The Chair and/or the Vice-Chair, or any member designated by the Board, shall represent the Board at external meetings and shall report back to the Board on those meetings.
  8. The Board may further define additional roles and responsibilities for the Chair and Vice-Chair.
  9. The Chair and the Vice-Chair in the exercise of their functions remain under the authority of the Board.
  1. Secretary
  1. The Director of the CTCN shall be the Secretary of the Board.
  2. The Secretary shall be responsible for facilitating and providing support to:
    1. Making the necessary arrangements for the meetings of the Board, including announcing meetings, issuing invitations and making available the documents for meetings;
  1. The Secretary shall be responsible for facilitating the tracking of the implementation of decisions on actions taken by the Board and report on the progress of these actions between meetings and at each meeting of the Board.
  2. In addition, the Secretary shall facilitate support that the Board may require or that the COP may direct with respect to the work of the Board.

VI.     Meetings

  1. The Board shall meet twice per year, or more frequently if necessary, to discharge its responsibilities.
  2. The meetings of the Board shall take place at the premises of the CTC, unless otherwise decided by the Board and subject to the necessary arrangements being made by the Secretary in consultation with the Chair and the Vice-Chair. Decisions on the location of meetings other than at the premises of the CTC shall take into account the benefits of venue rotation, particularly in developing countries and facilitating the participation of key stakeholders.
  3. At the first Board meeting of each calendar year, the Chair, in consultation with the Vice-Chair, shall propose, for the approval of the Board, a provisional schedule of meetings for that calendar year.
  4. If changes to the schedule or additional meetings are required, the Secretary shall notify members of the dates and venues of those meetings by circulating a notification and posting such information on the CTCN website at least eight weeks prior to that meeting. Where it is essential to facilitate the work of the Board, the Chair and Vice-Chair may decide to shorten the notification period.
  5. Members are requested to confirm their attendance at meetings of the Board as early as possible and at least four weeks prior to that meeting.
  6. The Chair and the Vice-Chair, with the assistance of the Secretary, will decide on the organization of a planned meeting if confirmation by members does not ensure quorum, as defined in section VII.

VII.     Quorum

  1. At least 11 of the Board members referred to in paragraph 3(a) above must be present to constitute a quorum, with a minimum of five being from Annex I Parties and a minimum of five being from non-Annex I Parties.
  2. The quorum shall be verified by the Chair at the time of the adoption of decisions by the Board.

VIII.    Agenda and documents for meetings

  1. The Chair of the Board shall, in consultation with the Vice-Chair and assisted by the Secretary, prepare the provisional agenda for each meeting as well as a draft report of the meeting.
  2. The provisional agenda for each meeting shall be transmitted to members at least four weeks in advance of the meeting.
  3. Members may propose additions or changes to the provisional agenda, in writing, to the Secretary within one week of receiving the provisional agenda, and these additions or changes shall be included in a revised provisional agenda by the Secretary in agreement with the Chair and the Vice-Chair.
  4. The Secretary shall indicate the administrative and financial implications of all substantive items on the proposed agenda.
  5. The Secretary shall transmit the provisional annotated agenda and any supporting documentation to the members at least two weeks prior to that meeting. Documents may be transmitted after that date with the approval of the Chair and the Vice-Chair.
  6. Documents for a meeting of the Board shall be published on the CTCN website at least one week prior to that meeting, unless it has been decided by the Chair and Vice-Chair that the documentation should be restricted to protect confidential information.
  7. The Board shall, at the beginning of each meeting, adopt the meeting agenda.
  8. Any item included in the agenda for a meeting of the Board, consideration of which has not been completed at that meeting, shall automatically be included on the provisional agenda for the next meeting, unless otherwise decided by the Board.

IX.     Decision-making

  1. Decisions of the Board will be taken by consensus of the Board members referred to in paragraph 3(a) and (b) above.
  2. The Chair or Vice-Chair shall ascertain whether consensus has been reached. The Chair or Vice-Chair shall declare that a consensus does not exist if there is a stated objection to the proposed decision under consideration by a member of the Board referred to in paragraph 41 above.
  3. If all efforts at reaching a consensus have been exhausted and no agreement has been reached, decisions shall be taken by a three-fourths majority of the members referred to in paragraph 41 above present and voting at the meeting. Members abstaining from voting shall be considered as not voting in determining the majority.
  4. The Chair or Vice-Chair shall ensure quorum, as defined in section VII, before conducting a vote.
  5. Decisions outside of official meetings may occur on an extraordinary basis when, in the judgement of the Chair and Vice-Chair, a decision must be taken by the Board that should not be postponed until the next meeting of the Board.
  6. The Secretary, with the approval of the Chair and the Vice-Chair, shall transmit to each member a proposed decision with an invitation to approve the decision.
  7. Each member’s comments on the proposed decision shall be sent to the Secretary, and made available to all members including the attribution of those comments, during such period as the Secretary may prescribe, provided that such period is no less than two weeks.
  1. At the expiration of the comments period, the decision shall be approved if there are a minimum of five votes in favour from members referred to in paragraph 3(a) above from Annex I Parties and five votes in favour from members referred to in paragraph 3(a) above from non-Annex I Parties and no objections from members referred to in paragraph 3(a) and (b) above.
  2. Each member referred to in paragraph 3(a) and (b) above shall have one vote. For the purpose of this rule, the phrase “members present and voting” means members referred to in paragraph 3(a) and (b) above that are present at the meeting at which voting takes place, and casting an affirmative or negative vote.

X.     Working language

  1. The working language of the Board shall be English.

XI.     Participation of expert advisors at meetings

  1. The Advisory Board will invite expert observers to attend meetings based on specific requirements of the agenda.
  2. The Chair may, in consultation with the Vice-Chair and members of the Board, invite representatives of intergovernmental and international organizations as well as the private sector and civil society to participate in the meeting of the Board as expert advisors on specific matters under consideration by the Board.
  3. Secretary shall assist in identifying and arranging participation of expert observers as per the Board’s request.

XII.     Participation of observers

  1. The meetings of the Board shall be open to attendance as observers, by Parties, the Secretary, and accredited members of observer organizations, except where otherwise decided by the Board.
  2. The Board may decide on additional procedures for the participation of observer organizations other than those accredited to the UNFCCC.
  3. The Board may, in the interests of economy and efficiency, decide to limit the physical attendance of observers at its meetings.
  4. The Board may decide at any time that a meeting or part thereof should be closed to observers.
  5. The Secretary shall notify observers of the date and venue of the meeting that they may attend. Observers shall notify the Secretary at least two weeks in advance of a meeting of their intention to attend.
  6. The Chair or the Vice-Chair will open the floor for intervention by observers at least once per meeting. In addition observers may, upon invitation from the Chair or the Vice-Chair and if members raise no objection, make presentations relating to matters under consideration by the Board.

XIII.     Use of electronic means of communication

     60. The Board will use electronic means of communication to facilitate work between meetings and to take decisions as described in paragraphs 45–48 above.

XIV.     Amendments to the rules of procedure

     61. These rules of procedure may be amended by the Board in accordance with paragraphs 41–43 above and to be effective must be approved formally by the COP. Pending formal approval, the Board may decide to apply the amendment provisionally.

XV.     Overriding authority of the Convention

   62. In the event of any conflict between any provisions of these rules and any provision of the Convention, the Convention shall take precedence.

 

Gender reference

Decides to continue the technical examination of opportunities with high mitigation potential, including those with adaptation, health and sustainable development co-benefits, in the period 2015–2020, by requesting the secretariat to provide meaningful and regular opportunities for the effective engagement of experts from Parties, relevant international organizations, civil society, indigenous peoples, women, youth, academic institutions, the private sector, and subnational authorities nominated by their respective countries.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Reiterating that the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action shall be under the Convention and guided by its principles,

Recalling the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2,

Also recalling all the relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties, particularly decisions 1/CP.17, 2/CP.18 and 1/CP.19,

Affirming its determination to strengthen adaptation action through the protocol, another legal instrument or agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention to be adopted at the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties (November-December 2015),

Recalling decisions 2/CP.19 and 2/CP.20 and welcoming the progress made in Lima, Peru, towards the implementation of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts,

Noting with grave concern the significant gap between the aggregate effect of Parties’ mitigation pledges in terms of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 and aggregate emission pathways consistent with having a likely chance of holding the increase in global average temperature below 2 °C or 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels,

1. Confirms that the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action shall complete the work referred to in decision 1/CP.17, paragraph 2, as early as possible in order for the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-first session to adopt a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties;

2. Decides that the protocol, another legal instrument or agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties shall address in a balanced manner, inter alia, mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building, and transparency of action and support;

3. Underscores its commitment to reaching an ambitious agreement in 2015 that reflects the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in light of different national circumstances;

4. Urges developed country Parties to provide and mobilize enhanced financial support to developing country Parties for ambitious mitigation and adaptation actions, especially to Parties that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change; and recognizes complementary support by other Parties;

5. Acknowledges the progress made in Lima in elaborating the elements for a draft negotiating text as contained in the annex;

6. Decides that the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action will intensify its work, with a view to making available a negotiating text for a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties before May 2015;

7. Requests the secretariat to communicate the negotiating text referred to in paragraph 6 above to Parties in accordance with provisions of the Convention and the applied rules of procedure, while noting that such communication will not prejudice whether the outcome will be a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties;

8. Notes that the arrangements specified in this decision in relation to intended nationally determined contributions are without prejudice to the legal nature and content of the intended nationally determined contributions of Parties or to the content of the protocol, another legal instrument or agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties;

9. Reiterates its invitation to each Party to communicate to the secretariat its intended nationally determined contribution towards achieving the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2;

10. Agrees that each Party’s intended nationally determined contribution towards achieving the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2 will represent a progression beyond the current undertaking of that Party;

11. Also agrees that the least developed countries and small island developing States may communicate information on strategies, plans and actions for low greenhouse gas emission development reflecting their special circumstances in the context of intended nationally determined contributions;

12. Invites all Parties to consider communicating their undertakings in adaptation planning or consider including an adaptation component in their intended nationally determined contributions;

13. Reiterates its invitation to all Parties to communicate their intended nationally determined contributions well in advance of the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties (by the first quarter of 2015 by those Parties ready to do so) in a manner that facilitates the clarity, transparency and understanding of the intended nationally determined contributions;

14. Agrees that the information to be provided by Parties communicating their intended nationally determined contributions, in order to facilitate clarity, transparency and understanding, may include, as appropriate, inter alia, quantifiable information on the reference point (including, as appropriate, a base year), time frames and/or periods for implementation, scope and coverage, planning processes, assumptions and methodological approaches including those for estimating and accounting for anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and, as appropriate, removals, and how the Party considers that its intended nationally determined contribution is fair and ambitious, in light of its national circumstances, and how it contributes towards achieving the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2;

15. Reiterates its call to developed country Parties, the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism and any other organizations in a position to do so to provide support for the preparation and communication of the intended nationally determined contributions of Parties that may need such support;

16. Requests the secretariat to:

  • (a) Publish on the UNFCCC website the intended nationally determined contributions as communicated;
  • (b) Prepare by 1 November 2015 a synthesis report on the aggregate effect of the intended nationally determined contributions communicated by Parties by 1 October 2015;

17. Encourages all Parties to the Kyoto Protocol to ratify and implement the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol;

18. Reiterates its resolve as set out in decision 1/CP.19, paragraphs 3 and 4, to accelerate the full implementation of the decisions constituting the agreed outcome pursuant to decision 1/CP.13 and enhance ambition in the pre-2020 period in order to ensure the highest possible mitigation efforts under the Convention by all Parties;

19. Decides to continue the technical examination of opportunities with high mitigation potential, including those with adaptation, health and sustainable development co-benefits, in the period 2015–2020, by requesting the secretariat to:

  • (a) Organize a series of in-session technical expert meetings which:
    • (i) Facilitate Parties in the identification of policy options, practices and technologies and in planning for their implementation in accordance with nationally defined development priorities
    • (ii) Build on and utilize the related activities of, and further enhance collaboration and synergies among, the Technology Executive Committee, the Climate Technology Centre and Network, the Durban Forum on capacity-building, the Executive Board of the clean development mechanism and the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism;
    • (iii) Build on previous technical expert meetings in order to hone and focus on actionable policy options;
    • (iv) Provide meaningful and regular opportunities for the effective engagement of experts from Parties, relevant international organizations, civil society, indigenous peoples, women, youth, academic institutions, the private sector, and subnational authorities nominated by their respective countries;
    • (v) Support the accelerated implementation of policy options and enhanced mitigation action, including through international cooperation;
    • (vi) Facilitate the enhanced engagement of all Parties through the announcement of topics to be addressed, agendas and related materials at least two months in advance of technical expert meetings;
  • (b) Update, following the technical expert meetings referred to in paragraph 19(a) above, the technical paper on the mitigation benefits of actions, and on initiatives and options to enhance mitigation ambition, compiling information provided in submissions from Parties and observer organizations and the discussions held at the technical expert meetings and drawing on other relevant information on the implementation of policy options at all levels, including through multilateral cooperation;
  • (c) Disseminate the information referred to in paragraph 19(b) above, including by publishing a summary for policymakers;

20. Requests the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action to make recommendations in relation to further advancing the technical examination process, including the periodic assessment of the technical expert meetings, to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-first session;

21. Welcomes the Lima Climate Action High-level Meeting convened by the President of the Conference of the Parties on 11 December 2014 and encourages the Executive Secretary and the President of the Conference of the Parties to convene an annual high-level event on enhancing implementation of climate action;

22. Notes the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in this decision and requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

Gender reference

This decision contains a series of gender references in the rules and procedures for the Green Climate Fund (GCF).

1.The Governing Instrument states that the fund will take a gender-sensitive approach.

2.The GCF board will give due consideration to gender balance.

3.The GCF secretariat will take into account gender balance.

4.The GCF board will develop mechanisms to promote the input and participation of stakeholders, including private-sector actors, civil society organizations, vulnerable groups, women and indigenous peoples.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decision 1/CP.16,

1. Welcomes the report of the Transitional Committee (FCCC/CP/2011/6 and Add.1), taking note with appreciation of the work of the Transitional Committee in responding to its mandate given in decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 109;

2. Approves the governing instrument for the Green Climate Fund annexed to this decision;

3. Decides to designate the Green Climate Fund as an operating entity of the financial mechanism of the Convention, in accordance with Article 11 of the Convention, with arrangements to be concluded between the Conference of the Parties and the Fund at the eighteenth session of the Conference of the Parties to ensure that it is accountable to and functions under the guidance of the Conference of the Parties to support projects, programmes, policies and other activities in developing country Parties;

4. Notes that the Green Climate Fund will be guided by the principles and provisions of the Convention;

5. Decides to provide guidance to the Board of the Green Climate Fund, including on matters related to policies, programme priorities and eligibility criteria and matters related thereto, taking into account the Board’s annual reports to the Conference of the Parties on its activities;

6. Requests the Board to operationalize the Fund in an expedited manner;

7. Also requests the Board to develop a transparent no-objection procedure to be conducted through national designated authorities referred to in paragraph 46 of the governing instrument annexed to this decision, in order to ensure consistency with national climate strategies and plans and a country driven approach and to provide for effective direct and indirect public and private sector financing by the Green Climate Fund. Further requests the Board to determine this procedure prior to approval of funding proposals by the Fund;

8. Requests the Board to balance the allocation of the Green Climate Fund resources between adaptation and mitigation activities;

9. Stresses the need to secure funding for the Green Climate Fund, taking into account paragraphs 29 and 30 of the governing instrument, to facilitate its expeditious operationalization, and requests the Board to establish the necessary policies and procedures, which will enable an early and adequate replenishment process;

10. Invites Parties, through their regional groupings and constituencies, to submit their nominations for the members of the Board to the interim secretariat by 31 March 2012, in accordance with paragraph 11 of the governing instrument for the Green Climate Fund, with the 12 seats for developing country Parties to be distributed as follows:

  • (a) Three members and alternate members from the Asia-Pacific States;
  • (b) Three members and alternate members from the African States;
  • (c) Three members and alternate members from the Latin American and the Caribbean States;
  • (d) One member and alternate member from small island developing States;
  • (e) One member and alternate member from least developed country Parties;
  • (f) One member from developing country Parties not included in the regional groups and constituencies above and one alternate member to rotate between developing country Parties included in the groups and constituencies listed above;

11. Decides that the Green Climate Fund be conferred juridical personality and legal capacity and shall enjoy such privileges and immunities related to the discharge and fulfilment of its functions, in accordance with paragraphs 7 and 8 of the governing instrument;

12. Invites Parties, in line with the objectives set forth in paragraph 12 above, to submit to the Board expressions of interest for hosting the Green Climate Fund by 15 April 2012, based on the following criteria:

  • (a) The ability to confer and/or recognize juridical personality and legal capacity to the Fund for the protection of its interests and the exercise of its functions, to give effect to paragraphs 7 and 8 of the governing instrument, including but not limited to the ability to contract, acquire and dispose of immovable and movable property, and to institute legal proceedings;
  • (b) The ability to provide privileges and immunities to the Fund as are necessary for the fulfilment of its purposes, and to the officials of the Fund as are necessary for the independent exercise of their official functions in connection with the Fund;
  • (c) Financial arrangements, administrative and logistical support to the Fund;
  • (d) Any other information that the host country wishes to provide;

13. Requests the Board, following the receipt of expressions of interest, to conduct an open and transparent process for the selection of the host country, and to decide on a host country for endorsement by the Conference of the Parties at its eighteenth session, in accordance with paragraph 22 of the governing instrument;

14. Also requests the Board and the host country of the Green Climate Fund to develop, in accordance with paragraphs 7 and 8 of the governing instrument, the legal and administrative arrangements for hosting the Fund, and to ensure that juridical personality and legal capacity are conferred to the Fund, and privileges and immunities as are necessary are granted to the Fund and its officials in an expeditious manner;

15. Further requests the Board to establish the independent secretariat of the Green Climate Fund in the host country in an expedited manner as soon as possible, in accordance with paragraph 19 of the governing instrument;

16. Invites the Board to select the trustee of the Green Climate Fund through an open, transparent and competitive bidding process in a timely manner to ensure that there is no discontinuity in trustee services;

17. Requests the Board to initiate a process to collaborate with the Adaptation Committee and the Technology Executive Committee, as well as other relevant thematic bodies under the Convention, to define linkages between the Fund and these bodies, as appropriate;

18. Recognizes the need to facilitate the immediate functioning of the Green Climate Fund and ensure its independence, requests the UNFCCC secretariat jointly with the Global Environment Facility secretariat to take the necessary administrative steps to set up the interim secretariat of the Green Climate Fund as an autonomous unit within the UNFCCC secretariat premises without undue delay after the seventeenth session of the Conference of the Parties so that the interim secretariat can provide technical, administrative and logistical support to the Board until the independent secretariat of the Green Climate Fund is established;

19. Decides that the interim arrangements should terminate no later than the nineteenth session of the Conference of the Parties;

20. Also decides that the interim secretariat shall be fully accountable to the Board and shall function under its guidance and authority, and that its head shall report to the Board;

21. Urges the Board to move promptly to appoint the head of the interim secretariat;

22. Decides that the criteria for the selection of the head of the interim secretariat shall include, inter alia, expertise in the design or management of funds, relevant administrative and management experience, experience in or working with developing countries, and policy expertise;

23. Requests the interim secretariat to make arrangements for convening the first Board meeting by 30 April 2012;

24. Welcomes the offers made by Switzerland and the Republic of Korea to host the first and second meetings of the Board respectively, and invites Parties to host subsequent meetings;

25. Invites Parties to make financial contributions for the start-up of the Green Climate Fund, including administrative costs of the Board and its interim secretariat;

26. Welcomes the generous offers of the Republic of Korea, Germany and Denmark to contribute to the start-up cost of the Green Climate Fund.

 

 

Annex

Governing instrument for the Green Climate Fund The Green Climate Fund (hereinafter the “Fund”) is hereby established and will operate in accordance with the following provisions:

I. Objectives and guiding principles

1. Given the urgency and seriousness of climate change, the purpose of the Fund is to make a significant and ambitious contribution to the global efforts towards attaining the goals set by the international community to combat climate change.

2. The Fund will contribute to the achievement of the ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In the context of sustainable development, the Fund will promote the paradigm shift towards low-emission and climate-resilient development pathways by providing support to developing countries to limit or reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change, taking into account the needs of those developing countries particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

3. The Fund will be guided by the principles and provisions of the Convention. The Fund will operate in a transparent and accountable manner guided by efficiency and effectiveness. The Fund will play a key role in channelling new, additional, adequate and predictable financial resources to developing countries and will catalyse climate finance, both public and private, and at the international and national levels. The Fund will pursue a country-driven approach and promote and strengthen engagement at the country level through effective involvement of relevant institutions and stakeholders. The Fund will be scalable and flexible and will be a continuously learning institution guided by processes for monitoring and evaluation. The Fund will strive to maximize the impact of its funding for adaptation and mitigation, and seek a balance between the two, while promoting environmental, social, economic and development co-benefits and taking a gender-sensitive approach.

II. Governance and institutional arrangements

A. Relationship to the Conference of the Parties

4. The Fund will be designated as an operating entity of the financial mechanism under Article 11 of the Convention and will be accountable to and function under the guidance of the Conference of the Parties (COP).

5. The Fund will be governed and supervised by a Board that will have full responsibility for funding decisions.

6. Arrangements will be concluded between the COP and the Fund, consistent with Article 11 of the Convention, to ensure that the Fund is accountable to and functions under the guidance of the COP. In order to ensure accountability to the COP, pursuant to Article 11, paragraph 3, the Board will:

  • (a) Receive guidance from the COP, including on matters related to policies, programme priorities and eligibility criteria, and matters related thereto;
  • (b) Take appropriate action in response to the guidance received;
  • (c) Submit annual reports to the COP for its consideration and receive further guidance.

B. Legal status

7. In order to operate effectively internationally, the Fund will posses juridical personality and will have such legal capacity as is necessary for the exercise of its functions and the protection of its interests.

8. The Fund will enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfilment of its purposes. The officials of the Fund will similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their official functions in connection with the Fund.

C. Rules of procedure of the Board

1. Composition

9. The Board will have 24 members, composed of an equal number of members from developing and developed country Parties. Representation from developing country Parties will include representatives of relevant United Nations regional groupings and representatives from small island developing States (SIDS) and least developed countries (LDCs).

10. Each Board member will have an alternate member, with alternate members entitled to participate in the meetings of the Board only through the principal member, without the right to vote, unless they are serving as the member. During the absence of the member from all or part of a meeting of the Board, his or her alternate will serve as the member.

2. Selection of Board members

11. The members of the Board and their alternates will be selected by their respective constituency or regional group within a constituency. Members of the Board will have the necessary experience and skills, notably in the areas of climate change and development finance, with due consideration given to gender balance.

3. Term of membership

12. Members and alternate members will serve for a term of three years and be eligible to serve additional terms as determined by their constituency.

4. Chairmanship

13. Two co-chairs of the Board will be elected by the Board members from within their membership to serve for a period of one year, with one being a member from a developed country Party and the other being a member from a developing country Party.

5. Decision-making

14. Decisions of the Board will be taken by consensus of the Board members. The Board will develop procedures for adopting decisions in the event that all efforts at reaching consensus have been exhausted.

6. Quorum

15. A two-thirds majority of Board members must be present at a meeting to constitute a quorum.

7. Observers

16. The Board will make arrangements, including developing and operating accreditation processes, to allow for effective participation by accredited observers in its meetings. The Board will invite, to participate as active observers: two civil society representatives, one each from developing and developed countries, and two private sector representatives, one each from developing and developed countries.

8. Additional rules of procedure

17. Additional rules of procedures will be developed by the Board.

D. Role and functions of the Board

18. The Board of the Fund will:

  • (a) Oversee the operation of all relevant components of the Fund;
  • (b) Approve operational modalities, access modalities and funding structures;
  • (c) Approve specific operational policies and guidelines, including for programming, project cycle, administration, and financial management;
  • (d) Approve funding in line with the Fund’s principles, criteria, modalities, policies and programmes;
  • (e) Develop environmental and social safeguards and fiduciary principles and standards that are internationally accepted;
  • (f) Develop criteria and application processes for the accreditation of implementing entities of the Fund and accredit implementing entities and withdraw such accreditation;
  • (g) Establish subcommittees and panels and define their terms of reference, as appropriate;
  • (h) Establish additional thematic windows and/or substructures to address specific activities, as appropriate;
  • (i) Establish a framework for the monitoring and evaluation of performance and the financial accountability of activities supported by the Fund and any necessary external audits;
  • (j) Review and approve the administrative budget of the Fund and arrange for performance reviews and audits;
  • (k) Appoint the Executive Director of the secretariat;
  • (l) Appoint the head of the evaluation unit and the heads of all accountability units;
  • (m) Receive guidance and take action in response to any guidance from the COP and prepare annual reports to the COP on its activities;
  • (n) Develop working and coordination arrangements with other relevant bodies under the Convention and other relevant international institutions;
  • (o) Select, appoint and enter into legal and administrative arrangements with the trustee;
  • (p) Exercise such other functions as may be appropriate to fulfil the objectives of the Fund.

E. Secretariat

1. Establishment of the secretariat

19. The Fund will establish a secretariat, which will be fully independent. The secretariat will service and be accountable to the Board. It will have effective management capabilities to execute the day-to-day operations of the Fund.

20. The secretariat will be headed by an Executive Director with the necessary experiences and skills, who will be appointed by and be accountable to the Board. The Board will approve the job description and qualifications for the Executive Director. The Executive Director will be selected through a merit-based, open and transparent process.

21. The secretariat will be staffed with professional staff with relevant experience. The staff selection will be managed by the Executive Director and will be open, transparent and based on merit, taking into account geographical and gender balance.

22. The selection of the host country of the Fund will be an open and transparent process. The selection of the host country will be endorsed by the COP.

2. Functions

23. The secretariat will be responsible for the day-to-day operations of the Fund, providing administrative, legal and financial expertise. In particular, the secretariat will:

  • (a) Organize and execute all administrative duties;
  • (b) Report information on the Fund’s activities;
  • (c) Liaise with members, implementing entities, and cooperating bilateral and multilateral institutions and agencies;
  • (d) Prepare performance reports on the implementation of activities under the Fund;
  • (e) Develop the work programme and annual administrative budget of the secretariat and trustee and submit them for approval by the Board;
  • (f) Operationalize the project and programme cycle processes;
  • (g) Prepare financial agreements related to the specific financing instrument to be concluded with an implementing entity;
  • (h) Monitor the financial risks of the outstanding portfolio;
  • (i) Work with the trustee to support the Board to enable it to carry out its responsibilities;
  • (j) Carry out monitoring and evaluation functions;
  • (k) Support the Board in arranging replenishment processes;
  • (l) Establish and run effective knowledge management practices;
  • (m) Perform any other functions assigned by the Board.

F. Trustee

24. The Fund will have a trustee with administrative competence to manage the financial assets of the Fund. The trustee will maintain appropriate financial records and will prepare financial statements and other reports required by the Board, in accordance with internationally accepted fiduciary standards.

25. The trustee will administer the assets of the Fund only for the purpose of, and in accordance with, the relevant decisions of the Board. The trustee will hold the assets of the Fund separate and apart from the assets of the trustee, but may commingle them for administrative and investment purposes with other assets maintained by the trustee. The trustee will establish and maintain separate records and accounts in order to identify the assets of the Fund.

26. The World Bank will serve as interim trustee for the Fund, subject to a review three years after the operationalization of the Fund.

27. The trustee will be accountable to the Board for the performance of its responsibilities as trustee for the Fund.

III. Administrative costs

28. The Fund will finance the operating costs of the Board, secretariat and trustee.

IV. Financial inputs

29. The Fund will receive financial inputs from developed country Parties to the Convention.

30. The Fund may also receive financial inputs from a variety of other sources, public and private, including alternative sources.

V. Operational modalities

31. The Fund will provide simplified and improved access to funding, including direct access, basing its activities on a country-driven approach and will encourage the involvement of relevant stakeholders, including vulnerable groups and addressing gender aspects.

32. The Board will steer the Fund’s operations so that they evolve with the Fund’s scale and maturity and will exercise flexibility to allow the Fund to evolve over time and become the main global fund for climate change finance.

A. Complementarity and coherence

33. The Fund shall operate in the context of appropriate arrangements between itself and other existing funds under the Convention, and between itself and other funds, entities, and channels of climate change financing outside the Fund.

34. The Board will develop methods to enhance complementarity between the activities of the Fund and the activities of other relevant bilateral, regional and global funding mechanisms and institutions, to better mobilize the full range of financial and technical capacities. The Fund will promote coherence in programming at the national level through appropriate mechanisms. The Fund will also initiate discussions on coherence in climate finance delivery with other relevant multilateral entities.

B. Eligibility

35. All developing country Parties to the Convention are eligible to receive resources from the Fund. The Fund will finance agreed full and agreed incremental costs for activities to enable and support enhanced action on adaptation, mitigation (including REDD-plus), technology development and transfer (including carbon capture and storage), capacitybuilding and the preparation of national reports by developing countries.

36. The Fund will support developing countries in pursuing project-based and programmatic approaches in accordance with climate change strategies and plans, such as low-emission development strategies or plans, nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs), national adaptation plans of action (NAPAs), national adaptation plans (NAPs) and other related activities.

C. Funding windows and fund structure

37. The Fund will have thematic funding windows. Initially, the Fund will have windows for adaptation and mitigation. An integrated approach to funding mitigation and adaptation will be used to allow for cross-cutting projects and programmes.

38. The Board shall also ensure adequate resources for capacity-building and technology development and transfer. The Fund will also provide resources for innovative and replicable approaches.

39. The Board will consider the need for additional windows. The Board will have the authority to add, modify and remove additional windows and substructures or facilities as appropriate.

1. Readiness and preparatory support

40. The Fund will provide resources for readiness and preparatory activities and technical assistance, such as the preparation or strengthening of low-emission development strategies or plans, NAMAs, NAPs, NAPAs and for in-country institutional strengthening, including the strengthening of capacities for country coordination and to meet fiduciary principles and standards and environmental and social safeguards, in order to enable countries to directly access the Fund.

2. Private sector

41. The Fund will have a private sector facility that enables it to directly and indirectly finance private sector mitigation and adaptation activities at the national, regional and international levels.

42. The operation of the facility will be consistent with a country-driven approach.

43. The facility will promote the participation of private sector actors in developing countries, in particular local actors, including small- and medium-sized enterprises and local financial intermediaries. The facility will also support activities to enable private sector involvement in SIDS and LDCs. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries.

44. The Board will develop the necessary arrangements, including access modalities, to operationalize the facility.

D. Access modalities and accreditation

45. Access to Fund resources will be through national, regional and international implementing entities accredited by the Board. Recipient countries will determine the mode of access and both modalities can be used simultaneously.

46. Recipient countries may designate a national authority. This national designated authority will recommend to the Board funding proposals in the context of national climate strategies and plans, including through consultation processes. The national designated authorities will be consulted on other funding proposals for consideration prior to submission to the Fund, to ensure consistency with national climate strategies and plans.

1. Direct access

47. Recipient countries will nominate competent subnational, national and regional implementing entities for accreditation to receive funding. The Board will consider additional modalities that further enhance direct access, including through funding entities with a view to enhancing country ownership of projects and programmes.

2. International access

8. Recipient countries will also be able to access the Fund through accredited international entities, including United Nations agencies, multilateral development banks, international financial institutions and regional institutions.

3. Accreditation

49. The Board will develop, manage and oversee an accreditation process for all implementing entities based on specific accreditation criteria that reflect the Fund’s fiduciary principles and standards and environmental and social safeguards.

E. Allocation

50. The Board will balance the allocation of resources between adaptation and mitigation activities under the Fund and ensure appropriate allocation of resources for other activities.

51. A results-based approach will be an important criterion for allocating resources.

52. In allocating resources for adaptation, the Board will take into account the urgent and immediate needs of developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, including LDCs, SIDS and African States, using minimum allocation floors for these countries as appropriate. The Board will aim for appropriate geographical balance.

F. Programming and approval processes

53. The Fund will have a streamlined programming and approval process to enable timely disbursement. The Board will develop simplified processes for the approval of proposals for certain activities, in particular small-scale activities.

VI. Financial instruments

54. The Fund will provide financing in the form of grants and concessional lending, and through other modalities, instruments or facilities as may be approved by the Board. Financing will be tailored to cover the identifiable additional costs of the investment necessary to make the project viable. The Fund will seek to catalyse additional public and private finance through its activities at the national and international levels.

55. The Fund may employ results-based financing approaches, including, in particular for incentivizing mitigation actions, payment for verified results, where appropriate.

56. Financial management practices and financing agreements will be in keeping with the Fund’s fiduciary principles and standards and environmental and social safeguards to be adopted by the Board. The Board will develop an appropriate risk management policy for funding and financial instruments.

VII. Monitoring

57. The programmes and projects, as well as other activities, funded by the Fund will be regularly monitored for impact, efficiency and effectiveness in line with rules and procedures established by the Board. The use of participatory monitoring involving stakeholders will be encouraged.

58. A results measurement framework with guidelines and appropriate performance indicators will be approved by the Board. Performance against these indicators will be reviewed periodically in order to support the continuous improvement of the Fund’s impact, effectiveness and operational performance.

VIII. Evaluation

59. There will be periodic independent evaluations of the performance of the Fund in order to provide an objective assessment of the results of the Fund, including its funded activities and its effectiveness and efficiency. The purpose of these independent evaluations is to inform decision-making by the Board and to identify and disseminate lessons learned. The results of the periodic evaluations will be published.

60. To this end, the Board will establish an operationally independent evaluation unit as part of the core structure of the Fund. The head of the unit will be selected by, and will report to, the Board. The frequency and types of evaluation to be conducted will be specified by the unit in agreement with the Board.

61. Reports of the Fund’s independent evaluation unit will be provided to the COP for purposes of periodic reviews of the financial mechanism of the Convention.

62. The COP may commission an independent assessment of the overall performance of the Fund, including Board performance.

IX. Fiduciary standards

63. The Board will agree on, adopt, and ensure the application of best practice fiduciary principles and standards to the Fund’s entities, the trustee’s function related to the Fund, and to all operations, projects and programmes financed by the Fund, including the implementing entities.

64. The Fund will support the strengthening of capacities in recipient countries, where needed, to be able to meet the Fund’s fiduciary principles and standards, based on modalities that will be established by the Board.

X. Environmental and social safeguards

65. The Board will agree on and adopt best practice environmental and social safeguards, which shall be applied to all programmes and projects financed using the resources of the Fund.

66. The Fund will support the strengthening of capacities in recipient countries, where needed, to enable them to meet the Fund’s environmental and social safeguards, based on modalities that shall be developed by the Board.

XI. Accountability mechanisms

67. The Fund’s operations will be subject to an information disclosure policy that will be developed by the Board.

68. The Board will establish an independent integrity unit, to work with the secretariat and report to the Board, to investigate allegations of fraud and corruption in coordination with relevant counterpart authorities.

69. The Board will establish an independent redress mechanism that will report to the Board. The mechanism will receive complaints related to the operation of the Fund and will evaluate and make recommendations.

XII. Expert and technical advice

70. In carrying out its functions the Board will develop mechanisms to draw on appropriate expert and technical advice, including from the relevant thematic bodies established under the Convention, as appropriate.

XIII. Stakeholder input and participation

71. The Board will develop mechanisms to promote the input and participation of stakeholders, including private-sector actors, civil society organizations, vulnerable groups, women and indigenous peoples, in the design, development and implementation of the strategies and activities to be financed by the Fund.

XIV. Termination of the Fund

72. Termination of the Fund will be approved by the COP based on a recommendation of the Board.

Gender reference

1. Invites Parties to give active consideration to the nomination of women for elective posts in any body established under the Convention or the Kyoto Protocol;

2. Requests the secretariat to bring this decision to the attention of Parties whenever a vacancy arises for any elective post in any body established under the Convention or the Kyoto Protocol;

3. Requests the secretariat to maintain information on the gender composition of each body with elective posts established under the Convention or the Kyoto Protocol, and to bring this information to the attention of the Parties whenever such a vacancy occurs.

Elaborated language

 

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling the Beijing Declaration of the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women which recognizes that women’s empowerment and their full participation on the basis of equality in all spheres of society, including participation in decision-making processes and access to power, are fundamental for the achievement of equality, development and peace,

Recalling further that the Beijing Declaration called on governments, the United Nations system and regional and international institutions to contribute to the implementation of the Beijing Platform of Action,

Noting that improvement in the gender balance of officers elected to the bodies established under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol would be one such contribution to the implementation of the Beijing Platform of Action,

Having considered the need for Parties to take into account the need for more equitable representation of female and male officers elected to the bodies established under the Convention or the Kyoto Protocol,

Urging Parties to take the measures necessary to enable women to participate fully in all levels of decision making relevant to climate change,

  1. Invites Parties to give active consideration to the nomination of women for elective posts in any body established under the Convention or the Kyoto Protocol;
  2. Requests the secretariat to bring this decision to the attention of Parties whenever a vacancy arises for any elective post in any body established under the Convention or the Kyoto Protocol;
  3. Further requests the secretariat to maintain information on the gender composition of each body with elective posts established under the Convention or the Kyoto Protocol, and to bring this information to the attention of the Parties whenever such a vacancy occurs.

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