Gender Mandates in Climate Policy

Before you start

In the last few years, the UNFCCC – the only one out of three Rio Conventions that lacked mandates on women’s rights and gender equality from the outset – has made major strides in integrating gender across all thematic areas in the negotiations. In 2014, the Lima Work Programme on Gender launched, and in 2015, the Paris Agreement integrated gender equality as a preambular principle for all climate action, as well as in relation to adaptation and capacity building. In 2017, the first Gender Action Plan was adopted, followed in 2019 by the adoption of the enhanced Lima Work Programme on Gender and its Gender Action Plan. Additional decisions have aimed to enhance gender equality via both policy and practice, encouraging gender balance indecision-making as well as responsiveness to gender issues in the development, implementation and monitoring of climate change policies and actions.

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Gender reference

Reaffirms the key role that a broad range of stakeholders, inter alia, national governments, regions as applicable, cities, education and cultural institutions, museums, the private sector, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, decision makers, scientists, the media, teachers, youth, women and indigenous peoples, play in ensuring Action for Climate Empowerment.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decision 17/CP.22 and decision 17/CMA.1 in which it was decided that efforts related to the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement should be referred to as Action for Climate Empowerment,

Reaffirming the importance of all elements of Article 6 of the Convention and of Article 12 of the Paris Agreement –education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information, and international cooperation –for the implementation of the ultimate objective of the Convention and the Paris Agreement, respectively,

Also reaffirming the key role that a broad range of stakeholders, inter alia, national governments, regions as applicable, cities, education and cultural institutions, museums, the private sector, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, decision makers, scientists, the media, teachers, youth, women and indigenous peoples, play in ensuring Action for Climate Empowerment,

1. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, at its fifty-second session (June 2020), to launch the review of the implementation of the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention on the basis of the terms of reference contained in the annex to this decision, and to consider future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, following the review of the Doha work programme, and to prepare a draft decision for consideration and adoption at the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (November 2020);

2. Invites Parties, observer organizations and other stakeholders to submit, via the submission portal1by 15 February 2020, information on steps taken to implement the Doha work programme and in relation to Action for Climate Empowerment, including activities and results, best practices, lessons learned, and emerging gaps and needs, as well as recommendations and views on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement;

3. Also invites United Nations organizations, in particular the members of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness, observer organizations and other stakeholders to submit, via the submission portal by 15 February 2020, information on their activities to support the implementation of the Doha work programme and Action for Climate Empowerment, as well as recommendations and views on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement;

4. Further invites Parties and observer organizations to submit via the submission portal by 15 February 2020, their views on the agenda for the 8thin-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment, which will advance the discussions on ways to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, following the review of the Doha work programme; 

5. Requests the secretariat to organize the 8thin-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment in 2020 to advance the discussions on recommendations and views on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement;

6.Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications ofthe activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in the annex;

7.Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

 

Annex

Terms of reference for the review of the implementation of the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention

I. Mandate

1. At its eighteenth session, the Conference of the Parties (COP) adopted the eight-year Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention and decided that it would bereviewed in 2020, with an intermediate review of progress in 2016, to evaluate its effectiveness, identify any emerging gaps and needs, and inform any decisions on improving the effectiveness of the work programme, as appropriate.

2. At the same session, the COP requested the secretariat to prepare reports on the progress made by Parties in implementing Article 6 of the Convention based on information contained in national communications, reports on the annual in-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment and other sources of information, including a report on good practices of stakeholder participation in implementing Article 6 activities.5The report on progress made in implementing the Doha work programme6was issued for the intermediate progress review in 2016.

3.The COP was invited by7the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement to also include efforts related to the implementation of Article 12 of the Paris Agreement when reviewing the Doha work programme in accordance with decision 15/CP.18.

II.Objectives

4.With a view to encouraging improvement based on experience, the objectives of the review of the implementation of the Doha work programme are:

(a) To take stock of the progress made in the implementation of the Doha work programme and Action for Climate Empowerment to date, noting that this work is still ongoing;

(b) To evaluate effectiveness, and identify essential needs, emerging gaps in and barriers to the implementation of the Doha work programme;

(c) To identify good practices and lessons learned with a view to their dissemination, promotion and replication, as appropriate;

(d) To identify recommendations and possible further actions on enhancing the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, with regard to future work on Action for Climate Empowerment, following the review of the Doha work programme.

III.Information sources

5.Information for the review of the Doha work programme should be drawn from, inter alia:

(a) Reports and outcomes of the annual in-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment, which have been conducted under the Doha Work Programme since 2013;

(b) Information submitted by Parties, observer organizations and other stakeholders in response to the invitation contained in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this decision;

(c) The outcomes of the Action for Climate Empowerment workshop held at the forty-eighth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) and the Action for Climate Empowerment youth forum organized on 29 April 2018; 

(d) National communications and other relevant national reports;

(e) Relevant information and resource materials from United Nations organizations, in particular themembers of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness;

(f) Relevant information developed under Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, including the integration of Action for Climate Empowerment into climate change policies, as well as information on the development and implementation of national strategies on Action for Climate Empowerment.

IV.Modalities of review and expected outcomes

6. Drawing upon the information sources listed in paragraph 5 above, the secretariat willprepare for consideration at SBI 52 (June 2020):

(a) A synthesis report on the progress made and effectiveness, as well as emerging gaps, needs and recommendations from Parties, observer organizations and other stakeholders, in implementing the Doha work programme and Action for Climate Empowerment;

(b) An information note presenting options and ways on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, following the review of the Doha work programme.

7.In its review of the implementation of the Doha work programme, SBI 52 will consider the documents listed in paragraph 6 above and any other information relevant to the completion of the review, including the information referred to in paragraph 5 above.

Gender reference

2. Also welcomes the progress of the Green Climate Fund in 2019 on the following, including in relation to guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties: 

(f) The adoption of the updated Gender Policy and Action Plan 2020–2023, in particular the support modality for national designated authorities and focal points to implement the policy and action plan, as well as support for direct access entities from the project preparation facility; 

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decision 3/CP.17,

Also recalling decision 10/CP.22, paragraph 5,

1. Welcomes the report of the Green Climate Fund to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session and its addendum,1 including the list of actions taken by the Board of the Green Climate Fund (hereinafter referred to as the Board) in response to guidance received from the Conference of the Parties;

2. Also welcomes the progress of the Green Climate Fund in 2019 on the following, including in relation to guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties:

(a) The increase in the number of project proposals approved, which brings the total amount approved by the Board to USD 5.6 billion to support the implementation of 124 adaptation and mitigation projects and programmes in 105 developing countries;

(b) The increase in the number of entities accredited by the Board, which brings the total number of accredited entities to 95, of which 56 are direct access entities;

(c) The adoption of procedures for adopting decisions in the event that all efforts at reaching consensus have been exhausted, as specified in the Governing Instrument for the Green Climate Fund;

(d) The adoption of a revised strategy for the Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme; 

(e) The adoption of the policy on the restructuring and cancellation of projects and programmes;

(f) The adoption of the updated Gender Policy and Action Plan 2020–2023, in particular the support modality for national designated authorities and focal points to implement the policy and action plan, as well as support for direct access entities from the project preparation facility;

(g) The adoption of the workplan of the Board for 2020–2023, which establishes a regular policy implementation, learning and review cycle;

(h) The adoption of the Green Climate Fund’s policy on co-financing;

(i) The forward-looking performance review of the Green Climate Fund;

(j) The continued collaboration between the Green Climate Fund, the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Technology Executive Committee;

(k) The collaboration between the Green Climate Fund, the Adaptation Committee and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group;

(l) The steps agreed at the 24th meeting of the Board to finalize, at the 25th meeting of the Board, the draft Strategic Plan 2020–2023;

(m) Policies related to integrity, notably the policy on the protection from sexual exploitation, sexual abuse and sexual harassment and the standard on anti-money-laundering and countering the financing of terrorism;

3. Further welcomes the pledges made by 28 contributors and the successful conclusion of the first formal replenishment process of the Green Climate Fund, resulting in a nominal pledge of USD 9.66 billion and a notional credit of USD 118.47 million that may be earned in the event all contributors make early encashment;

4. Encourages further pledges and contributions towards the first formal replenishment period;

5. Also encourages contributing countries to confirm their pledges to the Green Climate Fund in the form of fully executed contribution agreements or arrangements as soon as possible;

6. Reiterates the request to the Green Climate Fund to accelerate the disbursement of funds for already approved projects, including for readiness support, and provide detailed information on disbursement levels and measures taken in this regard in its report to the Conference of the Parties;

7. Welcomes the approval of the Board’s four-year workplan and requests the Board to complete its work on closing policy gaps, streamlining and simplifying approval processes, including for readiness support and national adaptation plans, and addressing the review of the accreditation framework as soon as possible so as not to disrupt the project and programme approval cycle during the first formal replenishment;

8. Encourages the Board of the Green Climate Fund to continue its efforts to ensure that the Green Climate Fund enjoys privileges and immunities;

9. Takes note of the engagement of the President of the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session with the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the matter of granting privileges and immunities for the Green Climate Fund and its officials through a possible institutional linkage between the United Nations and the Green Climate Fund, and requests the President to report on this engagement at its twenty-sixth session (November 2020);

10. Decides to continue its consideration of the matter in paragraph 9 above at its twentysixth session;

11. Invites Parties to submit to the secretariat their views and recommendations on elements to be taken into account in developing guidance for the Board via the submission portal4 no later than 10 weeks prior to the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties;

12. Requests the Standing Committee on Finance to take into consideration the submissions referred to in paragraph 11 above when preparing its draft guidance to the Board for consideration by the Conference of the Parties and the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement;

13. Also requests the Board to include in its annual report to the Conference of the Parties information on the steps it has taken to implement the guidance provided in this decision;

14. Takes note of decision -/CMA.25 and decides to transmit to the Green Climate Fund the guidance from the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement contained in paragraphs 15–21 below, in accordance with decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 61;

15. Welcomes the report of the Green Climate Fund to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session and its addendum, including the list of actions taken by the Board in response to guidance received from the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement;

16. Also welcomes the Board’s decision confirming that the current Green Climate Fund modalities enable support for the preparation and implementation of nationally determined contributions and adaptation-related elements of the Paris Agreement;

17. Recalls Article 7, paragraph 1, of the Paris Agreement, in which Parties established a global goal on adaptation for enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change;

18. Takes note of the encouragement of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement7 for the Green Climate Fund, among others, to continue channelling support to developing country Parties for the implementation of their adaptation plans and actions in accordance with the priorities and needs outlined in their adaptation communication and/or nationally determined contributions;

19. Encourages the Green Climate Fund to continue to enhance its support for adaptation and requests the Green Climate Fund to:

(a) Swiftly conclude its work on guidance on the approach and scope for providing support to adaptation activities;

(b) Continue to enhance its support for the implementation of national adaptation plans, in line with Board decisions on enhancing readiness programming;

20. Also encourages the Green Climate Fund to continue to collaborate with the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Technology Executive Committee with a view to both strengthening cooperative action on technology development and transfer at different stages of the technology cycle and achieving a balance between support for mitigation and support for adaptation;

21. Invites the Board of the Green Climate Fund to continue providing financial resources for activities relevant to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage in developing country Parties, to the extent consistent with the existing investment, results framework and funding windows and structures of the Green Climate Fund, and to facilitate efficient access in this regard, and in this context to take into account the strategic workstreams of the fiveyear rolling workplan of the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts. 

Gender reference

Encourages the Standing Committee on Finance to continue to enhance its efforts towards ensuring gender-responsiveness in implementing its workplan;

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement,

Recalling Article 9 of the Paris Agreement,

Also recalling decisions 1/CP.21, paragraphs 53 and 63, 14/CMA.1 and -/CP.25, 

1. Takes note of the report of the Standing Committee on Finance to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its second session and the recommendations contained therein; 

2. Endorses the workplan 3 of the Standing Committee on Finance for 2020 and underlines the importance of the Standing Committee on Finance focusing its work in 2020 in accordance with its current mandates;

3. Notes the outcomes of the discussions of the Standing Committee on Finance on the 2020 Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows and the report on the determination of the needs of developing country Parties related to implementing the Convention and the Paris Agreement as well as the respective workplans, outreach activities and indicative timelines for preparation; 

4. Expresses its appreciation to the Governments of Australia, Belgium, Germany, Norway, the Philippines and Switzerland for their financial contributions to support the work of the Standing Committee on Finance;

5. Welcomes the 2019 Forum of the Standing Committee on Finance, on the topic of climate finance and sustainable cities, with a focus on enhancing understanding of how to accelerate the mobilization and delivery of climate finance for the development of sustainable cities, and takes note of the summary report5 on the Forum;

6. Expresses its gratitude to the Governments of Australia, Lebanon and Norway, as well as to the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, the Union for the Mediterranean, and the Islamic Development Bank, for their financial, administrative and substantive support, which contributed to the success of the 2019 Forum of the Standing Committee on Finance;

7. Welcomes the decision of the Standing Committee on Finance on the topic of its 2020 Forum, which will be financing nature-based solutions;

8. Notes the inputs of the Standing Committee on Finance to the technical paper on the elaboration of the sources of and modalities for accessing financial support for addressing loss and damage; 

9. Encourages the Standing Committee on Finance to present, to the extent possible, disaggregated information in relation to, inter alia, mapping data availability and gaps by sector, assessing climate finance flows and presenting information on the determination of the needs of developing country Parties related to implementing the Convention and the Paris Agreement;

10. Underscores the important contribution of the Standing Committee on Finance in relation to the operational definitions of climate finance, and invites Parties to submit via the submission portal,7 by 30 April 2020, their views on the operational definitions of climate finance for consideration by the Standing Committee on Finance in order to enhance its technical work on this matter in the context of preparing its 2020 Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows;

11. Takes note of the strategic outreach plan8 of the Standing Committee on Finance on enhancing stakeholder engagement;

12. Encourages the Standing Committee on Finance, in implementing its strategic outreach plan, to build on existing efforts to reach out to developing country Parties and relevant developing country stakeholders when generating data and information for the determination of the needs of developing country Parties related to implementing the Convention and the Paris Agreement;

13. Looks forward to the inputs that may be provided by the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts to the work of the Standing Committee on Finance for its consideration in preparing elements of draft guidance for the operating entities;

14. Encourages the Standing Committee on Finance to continue to enhance its efforts towards ensuring gender-responsiveness in implementing its workplan;

15. Emphasizes the importance of the transparency of the proceedings and decisionmaking processes of the Standing Committee on Finance;

16. Takes note of the appointment of Standing Committee on Finance focal points to liaise with the other constituted bodies under the Convention and the Paris Agreement; 

17. Decides to initiate the review of the functions9 of the Standing Committee on Finance relating to the Paris Agreement, as part of the review referred to in decision -/CP.25,10 with a view to concluding it at its fifth session (November 2022);

18. Requests the Standing Committee on Finance to report to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its third session (November 2020) on progress in implementing its workplan;

19. Also requests that the actions of the Standing Committee on Finance called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources. 

Gender reference

21. Encourages Parties, when nominating members to the Group, to take into account, inter alia, gender balance; youth engagement; experience in climate finance; and expertise in project design and implementation, indigenous and traditional knowledge, and education.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 5/CP.7, 29/CP.7, 7/CP.9, 4/CP.10, 4/CP.11, 8/CP.13, 6/CP.16, 5/CP.17, 12/CP.18, 3/CP.20, 1/CP.21, 19/CP.21, 16/CP.24, 7/CP.25, 11/CMA.1 and 19/CMA.1,

Recognizing Article 4, paragraph 9, of the Convention and the preamble to the Paris Agreement on Parties to it taking full account of the specific needs and special situations of the least developed countries in their actions with regard to funding and transfer of technology,

Noting the importance of adaptation for the least developed countries and the role of national adaptation plans in addressing national, subnational, sectoral and local, as well as regional and transboundary issues,

Having considered the reports on the 37th, 38th, 39th and 40th meetings of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, the report on the stocktaking meeting on the work of the Group, the views of Parties on the work of the Group, and the synthesis report on the progress, need for continuation and terms of reference of the Group and the recommendations contained therein,

Having also considered the views shared by Parties during official events on this matter,

Recognizing the value of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group in providing support for addressing the priority needs of the least developed countries,

Expressing its special appreciation to the Least Developed Countries Expert Group on its twentieth anniversary,

Expressing its appreciation to the Least Developed Countries Expert Group for its successful work in implementing its work programme for 2015–2021 and in supporting the preparation and implementation of national adaptation programmes of action, other elements of the least developed countries work programme, and the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans,

Recognizing the experience of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group in successfully supporting the formulation and implementation of national adaptation programmes of action in the least developed countries,

Also recognizing the value of information provided by the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, in collaboration with other constituted bodies under the Convention and the Paris Agreement, to the least developed countries, and of the engagement of a wide range of organizations, including through the Open NAP initiative and the national adaptation plan technical working group, in supporting the least developed countries,

Noting the importance of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group as a body that provides high-quality information on adaptation for the least developed countries,

Recognizing that the least developed countries continue to require support for, inter alia, undertaking the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans, applying regional approaches to adaptation, engaging with the Green Climate Fund and implementing the least developed countries work programme,

Noting the need to continue to support the least developed countries in achieving their vision of having produced their first national adaptation plan by the end of 2020 or soon thereafter,

1. Decides to extend the mandate of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (hereinafter referred to as the Group) under its current terms of reference;

2. Also decides that the next review of the mandate of the Group will take place at its thirty-sixth session (2031); 3. Further decides to take stock of the work of the Group in order to review its progress and terms of reference at its thirty-first session (2026), the midway point before the review referred to in paragraph 2 above, as a way to reflect on the evolving needs of the least developed countries;

4. Invites the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement to review the progress of the Group as it relates to implementation of the Paris Agreement at its eighth session (2026) as part of the stocktake referred to in paragraph 3 above;

5. Decides to outline at its twenty-ninth session (November 2024) the steps for the stocktake referred to in paragraphs 3–4 above;

6. Welcomes the efforts of the Group in enhancing the accessibility and transparency of its meetings and information and requests it to continue its efforts, building on the experience of other constituted bodies, while taking into account its nature as a technical expert group, and to provide information on these efforts in its reports;

7. Invites Parties and relevant organizations to continue to provide resources for supporting implementation of the Group’s work programme;

8. Requests the Group to continue to provide technical guidance and support to the least developed countries for advancing the formulation and implementation of national adaptation plans, including in relation to the work on improving their access to funding under the Green Climate Fund, to build capacity to measure adaptation outcomes, and to enhance linkages among national adaptation plans, national and subnational development plans and strategies, the Sustainable Development Goals and relevant frameworks;

9. Invites the Group to consider under its workplan the possibility of creating, as needed, thematic working groups to expand its technical support in specific areas, building on the experience and success of its national adaptation plan technical working group and taking into account the ongoing workload of the Group and its available resources;

10. Also invites the Group, in the context of its outreach activities, to share information on relevant sources of finance for adaptation, including sources other than the UNFCCC Financial Mechanism;

11. Requests the Group to continue to support the least developed countries in understanding the modalities for and ways of accessing relevant sources of financing, capacity-building and technology transfer for adaptation in accordance with the Group’s mandate;

12. Also requests the Group, in collaboration with relevant constituted bodies, to assist the least developed countries in addressing adaptation-related provisions of the Convention and the Paris Agreement, including the submission and updating of adaptation communications in accordance with decision 9/CMA.1;

13. Further requests the Group to continue to collaborate with the Standing Committee on Finance on matters relating to access to the Green Climate Fund and other funds under the Financial Mechanism by the least developed countries for funding the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans;

14. Requests the Group to continue to collaborate with the Adaptation Committee and other constituted bodies working on adaptation, as well as on work under the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change, in providing support to the least developed countries for the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans and to include information thereon in its reports to the Subsidiary Body for Implementation;

15. Encourages the Group to prioritize elements of its mandate on the basis of the needs of the least developed countries and the availability of resources; 16. Recognizes the positive engagement of a broad range of organizations, networks and experts in supporting the process to formulate and implement national adaptation plans through the national adaptation plan technical working group;

17. Requests the Group to mobilize more partners to address specific priority needs of the least developed countries, as appropriate;

18. Decides to adjust the composition of the Group to be as follows: (a) Five members from African States that are least developed countries; (b) Two members from Asia-Pacific States that are least developed countries; (c) Two members from small island developing States that are least developed countries; (d) Four members from the least developed country Parties; (e) Four members from developed country Parties;

19. Requests the Group to develop, taking into account its current practices and its terms of reference, its draft rules of procedure, for consideration and adoption by the Conference of Parties at its twenty-seventh session (November 2022) and the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its fourth session (November 2022);

20. Also requests the Group to include in its draft rules of procedure provisions on, inter alia, the nomination, term limits and rotation of its members;

21. Encourages Parties, when nominating members to the Group, to take into account, inter alia, gender balance; youth engagement; experience in climate finance; and expertise in project design and implementation, indigenous and traditional knowledge, and education.

Decision 20/CP.26

Gender and climate change

Theme
Tags 
Event 
COP26
Year 
2021

Gender reference

See elaborated language.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 36/CP.7, 1/CP.16, 23/CP.18, 18/CP.20, 1/CP.21, 21/CP.22, 3/CP.23 and 3/CP.25, the Paris Agreement and the Katowice climate package,

Expressing its appreciation for the contributions received from Parties and observers in support of gender mainstreaming work undertaken through the enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan to date,

Acknowledging with appreciation the constructive, ongoing engagement in virtual meetings and workshops in support of gender action plan activities A.2 and D.6 and taking note that, while participation has broadened beyond the UNFCCC process as a result of the virtual format of meetings and workshops, some participants, particularly those in developing countries, continue to experience significant challenges related to Internet access and connectivity and the technological equipment required for virtual participation,

Recognizing with concern the unprecedented crisis caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the uneven nature of the global response to the pandemic and the pandemic’s multifaceted effects on all spheres of society, including the deepening of pre-existing inequalities, including gender inequality, and resulting vulnerabilities, which may negatively impact the implementation of effective gender-responsive climate action and urging Parties to accelerate their efforts to advance implementation of the enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan,

Acknowledging the important role of the enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan in advancing gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls in the UNFCCC process,

Reminding Parties of its encouragement to appoint and provide support for a national gender and climate change focal point for climate negotiations, implementation and monitoring and noting that 94 countries have appointed such a focal point to date,

Recognizing that the full, meaningful and equal participation and leadership of women in all aspects of the UNFCCC process and in national- and local-level climate policy and action is vital for achieving long-term climate goals and inviting Parties to engage youth and indigenous peoples in climate action, including by considering their inclusion in Party delegations,

Noting the engagement of Parties, the secretariat and other relevant stakeholders in activities and events under the United Nations system related to gender equality and climate change and in line with the gender action plan priority areas,

Taking note of Parties’ efforts in integrating gender considerations into their nationally determined contributions and encouraging Parties to make greater efforts in integrating gender into nationally determined contributions and national climate change policies, plans, strategies and action,

1. Recalls that the intermediate review of the progress of implementation of the activities contained in the gender action plan is due at the fifty-sixth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (June 2022); 

2. Invites Parties, United Nations entities, other stakeholders and implementing entities, in accordance with their respective mandates and priorities, to take stock of and map progress in advancing gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls in line with the priority areas of the gender action plan;

3. Also invites Parties and observers to submit via the submission portal, by 31 March 2022, information on the progress of implementation of the activities contained in the gender action plan, areas for improvement and further work to be undertaken, including, as appropriate, information on the multidimensional impacts of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic on progress, and consideration of other diverse challenges that may impact future implementation of the gender action plan at all levels;

4. Further invites the International Labour Organization to prepare a technical paper exploring linkages between gender-responsive climate action and just transition for promoting inclusive opportunities for all in a low-emission economy, and to submit the paper to the secretariat by 31 March 2022;

5. Requests the secretariat to prepare a synthesis report on the submissions referred to in paragraph 3 above, information and recommendations arising from virtual and in-person workshops and events held between 1 December 2019 and 31 March 2022, and any relevant research conducted in preparation for the fifty-sixth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation;

6. Takes note of the annual reports on gender composition for 2020 and 2021, which highlight the persistent lack of progress in in-person participation, the challenges identified in promoting women’s full, equal and meaningful participation in virtual forums, and the urgent need for improving the representation and leadership of women in Party delegations and in all bodies established under the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement and welcomes the strengthened reporting on two case studies, including data disaggregated by sex that provide further information on the participation of women in Party delegations;

7. Requests the secretariat to explore ways of automating the analysis of data disaggregated by sex on speaking times at UNFCCC meetings in order to continue to strengthen the annual report on gender composition, and to report on its findings at the fifty-sixth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation;

8. Encourages Parties and constituted bodies under the Convention to consider the case studies referred to in paragraph 6 above and promote the full, meaningful and equal participation of women in the UNFCCC process;

9. Reminds Parties and observers of the invitation for submissions, by 31 March 2022, on the gender-differentiated impacts of climate change, the role of women as agents of change and opportunities for women;

10. Takes note of the report on progress of constituted bodies in integrating gender considerations into their respective workstreams10 and of their efforts to institutionalize such integration in their work and encourages constituted bodies to continue to strengthen their efforts in this area and promote coordination and coherence in the context of this work, taking into consideration the recommendations contained in the report;

11. Requests the secretariat to prepare an informal summary report prior to the fifty-sixth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation reflecting clearly the proposed responsibilities of and support for national gender and climate change focal points to enable them to perform their role, taking into account the multifarious, evolving and Party-driven nature of the work and role of such focal points; 

12. Takes note of the recommendations arising from the workshop on the role of national gender and climate change focal points and invites Parties to consider those recommendations and take action, as appropriate, to provide support for the focal points in undertaking their activities;

13. Encourages Parties to be more explicit about the gender-responsiveness of climate finance with a view to strengthening the capacity of women and furthering work under the gender action plan in order to facilitate access to climate finance for grass-roots women’s organizations as well as for indigenous peoples and local communities;

14. Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in paragraphs 5, 7 and 11 above;

15. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

Decision 1/CP.26

Glasgow Climate Pact

Tags 
Event 
COP26
Year 
2021

Gender reference

Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity,

62. Urges Parties to swiftly begin implementing the Glasgow work programme on Action for Climate Empowerment, respecting, promoting and considering their respective obligations on human rights, as well as gender equality and empowerment of women;

68. Encourages Parties to increase the full, meaningful and equal participation of women in climate action and to ensure gender-responsive implementation and means of implementation, which are vital for raising ambition and achieving climate goals;

69. Calls upon Parties to strengthen their implementation of the enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan;

 

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 1/CP.19, 1/CP.20, 1/CP.21, 1/CP.22, 1/CP.23, 1/CP.24 and 1/CP.25,

Noting decisions 1/CMP.16 and 1/CMA.3,

Recognizing the role of multilateralism and the Convention, including its processes and principles, and the importance of international cooperation in addressing climate change and its impacts, in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty,

Acknowledging the devastating impacts of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and the importance of ensuring a sustainable, resilient and inclusive global recovery, showing solidarity particularly with developing country Parties,

Recognizing the important advances made through the UNFCCC multilateral process since 1994, including in the context of the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement,

Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity,

Noting the importance of ensuring the integrity of all ecosystems, including in forests, the ocean and the cryosphere, and the protection of biodiversity, recognized by some cultures as Mother Earth, and also noting the importance for some of the concept of ‘climate justice’, when taking action to address climate change,

Expressing appreciation to the Heads of State and Government who participated in the World Leaders Summit in Glasgow and for the increased targets and actions announced and the commitments made to work together and with non-Party stakeholders to accelerate sectoral action by 2030,

Recognizing the important role of indigenous peoples, local communities and civil society, including youth and children, in addressing and responding to climate change and highlighting the urgent need for multilevel and cooperative action,

Recognizing the interlinked global crises of climate change and biodiversity loss, and the critical role of protecting, conserving and restoring nature and ecosystems in delivering benefits for climate adaptation and mitigation, while ensuring social and environmental safeguards,

[...]

VIII. Collaboration

53. Recognizes the importance of international collaboration on innovative climate action, including technological advancement, across all actors of society, sectors and regions, in contributing to progress towards the objective of the Convention and the goals of the Paris Agreement;

54. Recalls Article 3, paragraph 5, of the Convention and the importance of cooperation to address climate change and support sustainable economic growth and development;

55. Recognizes the important role of non-Party stakeholders, including civil society, indigenous peoples, local communities, youth, children, local and regional governments and other stakeholders, in contributing to progress towards the objective of the Convention and the goals of the Paris Agreement;

56. Welcomes the improvement of the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action8 for enhancing ambition, the leadership and actions of the high-level champions, and the work of the secretariat on the Non-State Actor Zone for Climate Action platform to support accountability and track progress of voluntary initiatives;

57. Also welcomes the high-level communiqué on the regional climate weeks and encourages the continuation of regional climate weeks where Parties and non-Party stakeholders can strengthen their credible and durable response to climate change at the regional level;

58. Welcomes the informal summary reports by the Chair of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on the ocean and climate change dialogue to consider how to strengthen adaptation and mitigation action and on the dialogue on the relationship between land and climate change adaptation related matters;

59. Invites Parties to submit views on how to enhance climate action on land under the existing UNFCCC programmes and activities in paragraph 75 of the report on the dialogue on the relationship between land and climate change adaptation related matters referred to in paragraph 58 above and requests the Chair of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to prepare an informal summary report thereon and make it available to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-seventh session;

60. Invites the relevant work programmes and constituted bodies under the UNFCCC to consider how to integrate and strengthen ocean-based action in their existing mandates and workplans and to report on these activities within the existing reporting processes, as appropriate;

61. Also invites the Chair of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice to hold an annual dialogue, starting at the fifty-sixth session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (June 2022), to strengthen ocean-based action and to prepare an informal summary report thereon and make it available to the Conference of the Parties at its subsequent session;

62. Urges Parties to swiftly begin implementing the Glasgow work programme on Action for Climate Empowerment, respecting, promoting and considering their respective obligations on human rights, as well as gender equality and empowerment of women; 63. Expresses appreciation for the outcomes of the sixteenth Conference of Youth, organized by the constituency of children and youth non-governmental organizations and held in Glasgow in October 2021, and the “Youth4Climate2021: Driving Ambition” event hosted by Italy in Milan, Italy, in September 2021;

64. Urges Parties and stakeholders to ensure meaningful youth participation and representation in multilateral, national and local decision-making processes, including under the Convention and the Paris Agreement;

65. Invites future Presidencies of the Conference of the Parties, with the support of the secretariat, to facilitate the organization of an annual youth-led climate forum for dialogue between Parties and youth in collaboration with the UNFCCC children and youth constituency and other youth organizations with a view to contributing to the implementation of the Glasgow work programme on Action for Climate Empowerment;

66. Emphasizes the important role of indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ culture and knowledge in effective action on climate change and urges Parties to actively involve indigenous peoples and local communities in designing and implementing climate action and to engage with the second three-year workplan for implementing the functions of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform, for 2022–2024;

67. Expresses its recognition of the important role observer organizations play, including the nine non-governmental organization constituencies, in sharing their knowledge, and their calls to see ambitious action to meet the objectives of the Convention and in collaborating with Parties to that end;

68. Encourages Parties to increase the full, meaningful and equal participation of women in climate action and to ensure gender-responsive implementation and means of implementation, which are vital for raising ambition and achieving climate goals;

69. Calls upon Parties to strengthen their implementation of the enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan;

70. Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in this decision;

71. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources

 

Gender reference

34. Further requests the secretariat to promote geographical and gender balance among the technical review experts participating in the training programme referred to in paragraph 30 above, to the extent possible, giving special consideration, including in terms of support for participating in the training programme, to experts from developing countries, particularly the least developed countries and small island developing States;

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement,

Recalling Article 13 of the Paris Agreement and decision 18/CMA.1 and its annex,

Also recalling decision 20/CMA.1 and its annex,

Further recalling the annexes to decisions 17/CP.8, 2/CP.17, 24/CP.19, 13/CP.20, 9/CP.21 and 6/CP.25, and decision 1/CP.24, paragraphs 39–46,

Recalling Article 13, paragraph 2, of the Paris Agreement and decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 89,

Also recalling the guiding principles referred to in decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraph 3,

Further recalling Article 13, paragraphs 14–15, of the Paris Agreement, according to which support shall be provided to developing country Parties for the implementation of Article 13 of the Paris Agreement and for the building of transparency-related capacity of developing country Parties on a continuous basis,

Recalling decision 1/CP.24, paragraph 43(a), according to which Parties may submit their national communication and biennial transparency report as a single report in accordance with the modalities, procedures and guidelines included in the annex to decision 18/CMA.1 for information also covered by the national communication reporting guidelines contained in, as applicable, decisions 4/CP.5 and 17/CP.8,

1. Adopts:

(a) The common reporting tables referred to in chapter II of the annex to decision 18/CMA.1 for the electronic reporting of the information in the national inventory reports of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases, as contained in annex I;

(b) The common tabular formats referred to in chapter III of the annex to decision 18/CMA.1 for the electronic reporting of the information necessary to track progress made in implementing and achieving nationally determined contributions under Article 4 of the Paris Agreement, as contained in annex II;

(c) The common tabular formats referred to in chapters V–VI of the annex to decision 18/CMA.1 for the electronic reporting of the information on financial, technology development and transfer and capacity-building support provided and mobilized, as well as support needed and received, under Articles 9–11 of the Paris Agreement, as contained in annex III;

(d) The outlines for the biennial transparency report, national inventory document and technical expert review report pursuant to the annex to decision 18/CMA.1, as contained in annexes IV, V and VI, respectively;

(e) The training programme for technical experts participating in the technical expert review of biennial transparency reports, as contained in annex VII;

2. Encourages Parties to prepare their biennial transparency report and national inventory document in accordance with the outlines contained in annexes IV and V, respectively;

3. Decides that technical expert review teams will follow the technical expert review report outline contained in annex VI; 

4. Reaffirms decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraph 79, which states that each Party shall report the information referred to in paragraphs 65–78 of that annex in a narrative and common tabular format, as applicable, noting that the information provided in the common tabular format may be further complemented by other formats in a Party’s biennial transparency report, as applicable;

5. Decides that those developing country Parties that need flexibility in the light of their capacities may, when reporting on a provision for which they have a capacity constraint, choose one or more of the following options, as applicable, to reflect the application of the specific flexibility provisions included in the annex to decision 18/CMA.1 in the common reporting tables and common tabular formats, as contained in annexes I and II, respectively:

(a) Use the new notation key “FX” (flexibility) in the relevant common reporting tables or common tabular formats, providing an explanation of how the specific flexibility provision has been applied in the corresponding documentation box;

(b) Collapse relevant row(s) or column(s) where “FX” is reported in each cell in the row or column and expand them again for display purposes, providing an explanation of how the specific flexibility provision has been applied in the corresponding documentation box;

(c) Collapse tables related to the four additional gases included in decision 18/CMA1, annex, paragraph 48, where “FX” is reported in each cell in the row or column and expand it again for display purposes, providing an explanation of how the specific flexibility provision has been applied in the corresponding documentation box; indicate the first year and last year of the inventory time series, consistent with decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraphs 57–58, and generate columns and tables consistent with this selection, providing an explanation of how the specific flexibility provision has been applied in the corresponding documentation boxes; and indicate the thresholds selected, consistent with decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraphs 25 and 32, providing an explanation of how the specific flexibility provision has been applied in the corresponding documentation box;

6. Requests the secretariat to incorporate the formats and approaches referred to in paragraph 5 above into the reporting tools referred to in paragraph 8 below;

7. Also requests the secretariat to incorporate the confidentiality approach referred to in paragraph 26 below into the reporting tools referred to in paragraph 8 below;

8. Further requests the secretariat to develop reporting tools for the electronic reporting of the common reporting tables and common tabular formats (hereinafter referred to as the reporting tools), taking into account the operationalization of the flexibility provisions referred to in paragraph 5 above, and make available a test version of the reporting tools by June 2023 with a view to the final version of the tools being completed by June 2024, subject to the timely availability of sufficient financial resources;

9. Requests the secretariat to inform the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on progress in the development of the reporting tools at its fiftyseventh session (November 2022) and at each subsequent session until the tools have been finalized;

10. Invites Parties to submit their views on their experience with the test version of the reporting tools, including experience with integrating the tools into their national inventory arrangements, and inputs on improving the tools at the latest six months after the release of the test version via the submission portal by December 2023; 

11. Requests the secretariat to produce a technical paper on these submissions, including an assessment of the experience of Parties with using the test version of the reporting tools and challenges faced by developing country Parties in integrating the tools into their national inventory arrangements for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice at its sixtieth session (June 2024);

12. Also requests the secretariat, once the test version of the reporting tools becomes available, to organize regular technical training workshops (online and/or in person) to facilitate an interactive exercise with experts from Parties that demonstrates the functions of the reporting tools;

13. Further requests the secretariat to prepare a report on how the inputs of Parties on the test version of the reporting tools have been considered in the final version of the tools to present this to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice at the next session following finalization of the reporting tools;

14. Requests the secretariat, once the final version of the reporting tools is released, to organize regular technical training workshops (online and/or in person) to facilitate an interactive exercise with experts from Parties that demonstrates the functions of the reporting tools and to facilitate peer learning and the sharing of experience among Party experts in using the reporting tools and integrating them into their national inventory arrangements;

15. Also requests the secretariat to develop user manuals for the reporting tools; 16. Further requests the secretariat to provide training and advice to developing country Parties on the use of the reporting tools and to provide technical support to these countries, including those that use the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change inventory software, to the extent possible, on integrating the reporting tools into their national greenhouse gas inventory arrangements;

17. Decides that, if the final version of the reporting tool for common reporting tables for inventory information is not available within the time frame referred to in paragraph 8 above, Parties can submit the national inventory report after 31 December 2024, with a delay not exceeding the delay in the availability of the reporting tool;

18. Also decides that, if the reporting tools for common tabular formats for the information reported pursuant to decision 18/CMA.1, annex, chapters III, V and VI, are not available within the time frame referred to in paragraph 8 above, Parties shall submit the information in the biennial transparency report (excluding common tabular formats) in line with the agreed deadlines but can submit the common tabular formats after 31 December 2024, with a delay not exceeding the delay in the availability of the reporting tools;

19. Requests the secretariat to facilitate interoperability between the reporting tools and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change inventory software;

20. Invites the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to engage in the work referred to in paragraph 19 above;

21. Also invites the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to organize a technical training workshop in the second half of 2024 on its inventory software and the linkages of the software with the reporting tool for the electronic reporting of common reporting tables referred to in paragraph 8 above;

22. Requests the secretariat to establish an interactive web portal to facilitate the availability of information, by parameter and by year, reported by Parties in their biennial transparency reports in accordance with decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraphs 118–145;

23. Also requests the secretariat to make the web portal referred to in paragraph 22 above available from December 2025;

24. Emphasizes that each interested Party may provide, as appropriate, information related to enhancing understanding, action and support, on a cooperative and facilitative basis, to avert, minimize and address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in chapter IV of its biennial transparency report, pursuant to decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraph 115;

25. Clarifies that the 100-year time-horizon global warming potential values referred to in decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraph 37, shall be those listed in table 8.A.1 of the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, excluding the value for fossil methane;

26. Recalls that, in accordance with decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraph 47, a minimum level of aggregation is needed to protect confidential business and military information and that in such cases a Party shall provide to the technical expert review team information on methods used to estimate emissions and removals for relevant subcategories in accordance with good practice elaborated in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, as well as the descriptions, assumptions, references and sources of information used;

27. Also recalls decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraph 31, and notes that when information on emission factors, activity data and/or emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases are not available at the most disaggregated level, the notation key “IE” may be used to indicate the data are included elsewhere in the inventory instead of under the expected source or sink category;

28. Notes that Parties may use on a voluntary basis the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories;

29. Requests the secretariat to undertake a mapping exercise of the categories in the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories and those in the common reporting tables to identify differences in category names and to make the findings of this mapping exercise available to national greenhouse gas inventory compilers;

30. Also requests the secretariat, incorporating, as appropriate, technical advice from the Consultative Group of Experts and lead reviewers, to develop the training programme for technical experts participating in the technical expert review of biennial transparency reports, as outlined in annex VII, taking into account experience and lessons learned from developing existing training programmes under the Convention;

31. Further requests the secretariat to implement the training programme for technical experts participating in the technical expert review of biennial transparency reports, as outlined in annex VII, taking into account technical advice from the Consultative Group of Experts and the lead reviewers to the secretariat on the implementation of training for technical experts participating in the technical expert review of biennial transparency reports;

32. Requests the secretariat to report to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on progress in the development of the training programme at its fiftyseventh session and at each subsequent session until the development of the training programme has been completed;

33. Also requests the secretariat to make the courses comprising the training programme, as outlined in paragraph 10 of annex VII, available beginning 1 March 2023, prioritizing the development of training courses aimed at providing a general overview of the enhanced transparency framework under the Paris Agreement and making the other courses, relating to information to be reviewed in accordance with decision 18/CMA.1, annex, paragraph 150, available by September 2023, and subject to the timely availability of sufficient financial resources;

34. Further requests the secretariat to promote geographical and gender balance among the technical review experts participating in the training programme referred to in paragraph 30 above, to the extent possible, giving special consideration, including in terms of support for participating in the training programme, to experts from developing countries, particularly the least developed countries and small island developing States; 

[...]

Gender reference

Annex

Constitution of the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network

1. The Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN), with the aim of achieving fair and balanced representation, shall constitute the following:

(g) Six representatives, with one being selected by each of the following UNFCCC observer organization constituencies: environmental, business and industry, research and independent, and youth non-governmental organizations; indigenous peoples organizations; and the women and gender constituency, with relevant expertise in technology, finance or business, received by the host organization of the Climate Technology Centre, taking into account balanced geographical representation.

[...]

4. Government representatives shall be nominated by their respective groups or constituencies and elected by the Conference of the Parties (COP). Groups or constituencies are encouraged to nominate the government representatives to the Advisory Board, with a view to achieving an appropriate balance of expertise relevant to the development and transfer of technologies for adaptation and mitigation, taking into account the need to achieve gender balance in accordance with decisions 36/CP.7 and 23/CP.18.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decision 2/CP.17, annex VII, regarding the functions of the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network,

Also recalling decision 14/CP.18, annex II, regarding the constitution of the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network,

Pursuant to decision 14/CP.18, annex II, paragraph 16,

1. Agrees to amend the constitution of the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network to that contained in the annex;

2. Notes that the amendment of the constitution of the Advisory Board should ensure its effective functioning.

Annex

Constitution of the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network

1. The Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN), with the aim of achieving fair and balanced representation, shall constitute the following:

(a) Eighteen government representatives, comprising equal representation of Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties) and Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties) and, for non-Annex I Parties, ensuring equitable representation of the United Nations regional groups;

(b) The Chair and the Vice-Chair of the Technology Executive Committee in their official capacity as Technology Executive Committee representatives;

(c) One of the Co-Chairs, or a member designated by the Co-Chairs, of the Green Climate Fund Board in their official capacity as a Green Climate Fund representative;

(d) The Chair or the Vice-Chair of the Adaptation Committee, or a member designated by the Chair and the Vice-Chair, in their official capacity as an Adaptation Committee representative;

(e) One of the Co-Chairs, or a member designated by the Co-Chairs, of the Standing Committee on Finance in their official capacity as a Standing Committee on Finance representative;

(f) The Director of the CTCN in their official capacity as the CTCN representative;

(g) Six representatives, with one being selected by each of the following UNFCCC observer organization constituencies: environmental, business and industry, research and independent, and youth non-governmental organizations; indigenous peoples organizations; and the women and gender constituency, with relevant expertise in technology, finance or business, received by the host organization of the Climate Technology Centre, taking into account balanced geographical representation.

2. The Advisory Board will invite representatives of relevant constituted bodies and expert observers to attend its meetings on the basis of specific items on the agenda, in accordance with the modalities and procedures developed by the Advisory Board at its 1st meeting.

3. The Director of the CTCN shall be the secretary of the Advisory Board.

4. Government representatives shall be nominated by their respective groups or constituencies and elected by the Conference of the Parties (COP). Groups or constituencies are encouraged to nominate the government representatives to the Advisory Board, with a view to achieving an appropriate balance of expertise relevant to the development and transfer of technologies for adaptation and mitigation, taking into account the need to achieve gender balance in accordance with decisions 36/CP.7 and 23/CP.18.

5. Government representatives elected to the Advisory Board shall serve for a term of two years and shall be eligible to serve a maximum of two consecutive terms of office. The following rules shall apply:

(a) Half of the representatives shall be elected initially for a term of three years and half shall be elected for a term of two years;

(b) Thereafter, the COP shall elect half of the representatives every year for a term of two years;

(c) The representatives shall remain in office until their successors are elected.

6. If a government representative of the Advisory Board resigns or is otherwise unable to complete the assigned term of office or to perform the functions of that office, the Advisory Board may decide, bearing in mind the proximity of the next session of the COP, to appoint another representative from the same constituency to replace said representative for the remainder of that representative’s mandate, in which case the appointment shall count as one term.

7. The representatives of the Advisory Board referred to in paragraph 1(b) above shall serve in accordance with their term of office.

8. The representatives of the Advisory Board referred to in paragraph 1(c–e) above shall serve in accordance with their term of office.

9. The representatives of the Advisory Board referred to in paragraph 1(g) above shall be eligible to serve for a maximum term of office of two years.

10. Decisions of the Advisory Board will be taken by consensus by only the Advisory Board representatives referred to in paragraph 1(a–b) above. These representatives will specify in the modalities and procedures of the Advisory Board how to adopt decisions in the event that all efforts at reaching consensus have been exhausted.

11. The Advisory Board shall elect annually a Chair and a Vice-Chair from among the representatives referred to in paragraph 1(a) above for a term of one year each, with one being from an Annex I Party and the other being from a non-Annex I Party. The positions of Chair and Vice-Chair shall alternate annually between a representative of an Annex I Party and a representative of a non-Annex I Party.

12. If the Chair is temporarily unable to fulfil the obligations of the office, the Vice-Chair shall serve as Chair. In the absence of the Chair and the Vice-Chair at a particular meeting, any other representatives identified in paragraph 1(a) above designated by the Advisory Board shall temporarily serve as the chair of that meeting.

13. If the Chair or the Vice-Chair is unable to complete the term of office, the Advisory Board shall elect a replacement to complete the term of office, taking into account paragraph 6 above.

14. The meetings of the Advisory Board shall be open to attendance, as observers, by Parties, the secretariat and observer organizations, except where otherwise decided by the Advisory Board.

15. The Climate Technology Centre shall support and facilitate the work of the Advisory Board of the CTCN.

Gender reference

Acknowledging that Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity,

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 1/CP.21 and 2/CP.24,

Also recalling decision 2/CP.23, in particular paragraph 8, in which it recommended that the processes under the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform, including its operationalization, take into account, inter alia, the interests and views of local communities and indigenous peoples as well as the following principles proposed by indigenous peoples organizations: full and effective participation of indigenous peoples; equal status of indigenous peoples and Parties, including in leadership roles; self-selection of representatives of indigenous peoples in accordance with their own procedures; and adequate funding from the secretariat and voluntary contributions to enable the functions of the Platform,

Acknowledging that Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity,

Noting the importance of ensuring the integrity of all ecosystems, including oceans, and the protection of biodiversity, recognized by some cultures as Mother Earth, and the importance for some of the concept of ‘climate justice’ when taking action to address climate change,

Recognizing the role of local communities and indigenous peoples in relation to the stewardship of and living in harmony with nature,

Also recognizing the important role of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform in bringing together Parties and indigenous peoples and local communities to work towards achieving the objectives of the Convention and the Paris Agreement,

Recalling decision 2/CP.24, paragraph 27, in which it decided to adopt, at its session in November 2021, a decision on the outcome of the review of the Facilitative Working Group of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform by the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice,

1. Welcomes the report on the 5th meeting of the Facilitative Working Group of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform;

2. Invites relevant bodies under the Convention to take into account the recommendations of the Facilitative Working Group to the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on the engagement and input of indigenous peoples and local communities across the UNFCCC process;

3. Welcomes the progress in implementing the three functions of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform, including implementation of the initial two-year workplan;

4. Recognizes the role of the Facilitative Working Group in fostering full and effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities in achieving the objective of the Paris Agreement;

5. Decides to continue the mandate of the Facilitative Working Group;

6. Welcomes the second three-year workplan of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform for 2022–2024;

7. Recommends that the activities under the second three-year workplan facilitate exchange of experience between indigenous peoples and local communities and Parties of approaches to managing all ecosystems, which are key to achieving the objectives of the Convention and the Paris Agreement, in order to enhance national climate policy, including nationally determined contributions;

8. Requests, in the context of implementation of the second three-year workplan, the Facilitative Working Group to take into account additional inputs from Parties via submissions through the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform web portal, as appropriate;

9. Recognizes that the second three-year workplan facilitates continued collaboration among Parties and indigenous peoples and local communities on addressing and responding to climate change;

10. Invites Parties and stakeholders to enhance engagement of indigenous peoples and representatives of local communities in diverse and innovative ways in addressing and responding to climate change;

11. Requests the Facilitative Working Group to report on its outcomes, including a draft third three-year workplan of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform, and on the activities under the Platform for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-ninth session (November 2024) through the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice at its sixtieth session (June 2024);

12. Decides that the next review of the Facilitative Working Group will be held in 2024, including consideration of the request in decision 2/CP.24, paragraph 4, with a view to the Conference of the Parties adopting a decision on the review at its twenty-ninth session;

13. Requests the Facilitative Working Group to invite Parties, indigenous peoples and local communities and other stakeholders to make submissions by the 10th meeting of the Facilitative Working Group (November–December 2023) on the review referred to in paragraph 12 above;

14. Notes with appreciation the support provided by Canada, Finland, Germany, New Zealand, the Russian Federation and Sweden for implementing the functions of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform, including as part of the initial two-year workplan;

15. Requests the secretariat to continue to support and facilitate the work of the Facilitative Working Group;

16. Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in this decision;

17. Invites interested Parties and organizations to provide financial support for implementation of the functions of the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform; 18. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

Gender reference

4. Also notes the following information, actions and decisions relating to the Adaptation Fund Board presented in the reports referred to in paragraph 3 above:

(o) The approval of funding decisions for readiness grants amounting to USD 234,820, consisting of South–South cooperation grants and technical assistance grants for the environmental and social safeguards policy and the gender policy; and a new readiness support package grant window following a successful pilot phase;

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement,

Recalling decisions 1/CMP.3, 1/CMP.4, 2/CMP.10, 1/CMP.11, 2/CMP.12, 1/CMP.13, 1/CMP.14 and 3/CMP.15,

1. Notes with appreciation decisions 13/CMA.1, paragraph 1, and 1/CMP.14, paragraph 2, which state that the Adaptation Fund shall serve the Paris Agreement with respect to all matters relating to the Paris Agreement;

2. Takes note of the annual report of the Adaptation Fund Board for 2019 and decision 3/CMP.15, paragraph 1;

3. Notes the annual reports of the Adaptation Fund Board for 2020 and 2021 and the information contained therein;

4. Also notes the following information, actions and decisions relating to the Adaptation Fund Board presented in the reports referred to in paragraph 3 above:

(a) The accreditation of 4 national implementing entities, 2 multilateral implementing entities and 1 regional implementing entity (with the national implementing entities granted direct access to resources from the Adaptation Fund), resulting in a total number of accredited implementing entities of 33 national (of which 9 in the least developed countries and 7 in small island developing States), 14 multilateral and 7 regional implementing entities, of which 31 were reaccredited (16 national implementing entities, 4 regional implementing entities and 11 multilateral implementing entities) for accessing resources from the Adaptation Fund directly;

(b) Cumulative project and programme approvals increasing by around 32 per cent to USD 744.58 million between 1 July 2019 and 30 June 2020 and by 12 per cent to USD 831.49 million between 1 July 2020 and 30 June 2021, despite the challenging circumstances related to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic;

(c) Resources available for new funding approvals amounting to USD 167.20 million as at 30 June 2020 and USD 195.69 million as at 30 June 2021;

(d) New funding approvals, including for concrete single-country and regional (multi-country) proposals, grant proposals under the Medium-Term Strategy of the Adaptation Fund for 2018–2022 and readiness grants amounting to USD 180.5 million as at 30 June 2020 and USD 86.9 million as at 30 June 2021;

(e) An active pipeline of project and programme proposals submitted but not approved amounting to around USD 286 million as at 30 June 2020 and USD 279 million as at 30 June 2021, reflecting an upward trend from previous years;

(f) The cumulative receipts of USD 1,107.40 million, as at 30 June 2021, into the Adaptation Fund Trust Fund, comprising USD 208.38 million from the monetization of certified emission reductions, USD 858.82 million from contributions and USD 40.21 million from investment income earned on the Trust Fund balance;

(g) Contributions amounting to USD 200.89 million between 1 July 2019 and 30 June 2021 from the Governments of Germany, Ireland, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland, as well as the governments of the Brussels-Capital, Flemish and Walloon Regions of Belgium; new pledges amounting to USD 116 million from the Governments of Germany, Ireland, Italy and Sweden, as well as the governments of the Brussels-Capital and Walloon Regions of Belgium, towards the Adaptation Fund resource mobilization target of USD 120 million per year for the biennium 2020–2021; direct funding of EUR 10 million from the European Commission for a programme under the Adaptation Fund Innovation Facility; and the transfer of aggregated contributions from the United Nations Foundation, comprising various individual donations made between 1 July 2019 and 30 June 2020, prepared by the Adaptation Fund Board secretariat and the trustee;

(h) Outstanding pledges of USD 21.85 million as at 30 June 2020 and outstanding contributions of USD 36.27 million as at 30 June 2021;

(i) The approval of 29 single-country project or programme proposals submitted by implementing entities, totalling USD 174 million, of which 9 proposals submitted by national implementing entities, amounting to USD 14.5 million; 1 single-country proposal submitted by a regional implementing entity, amounting to USD 9.9 million; and 19 singlecountry proposals submitted by multilateral implementing entities, totalling USD 149.6 million;

(j) The recommendation of the Project and Programme Review Committee to approve nine regional (multi-country) projects amounting to USD 93.9 million, for which funding was not readily available for one project from the tentatively set-aside amount, and the resulting decision of the Adaptation Fund Board to place it on a waitlist, to be approved intersessionally subject to the availability of funds;

(k) The ongoing implementation of activities under the Medium-Term Strategy of the Adaptation Fund for 2018–2022, with the second, third, fourth and fifth review cycles for grant funding windows for innovation, learning and project scale-up and the approval by the Adaptation Fund Board of the first four small-grant proposals for innovation, the first grant proposal for project scale-up and two grant proposals for learning, totalling USD 1,348,322; and the launch of two new innovation aggregator programmes, totalling USD 10 million, that offer small grants for innovation to non-accredited entities via two accredited multilateral implementing entities;

(l) The facilitation of the 2nd meeting of the Committee of the Community of Practice for Direct Access Entities, held with the participation of the Green Climate Fund;

(m) New activities under the Medium-Term Strategy of the Adaptation Fund for 2018–2022, including the approval of large grants for innovation and a funding window for enhanced direct access; the endorsement of the principles of locally led adaptation action following engagement with the Global Commission; and the launch of the Adaptation Fund Climate Innovation Accelerator;

(n) The launch of a virtual learning course on unlocking adaptation finance and accessing the Adaptation Fund;

(o) The approval of funding decisions for readiness grants amounting to USD 234,820, consisting of South–South cooperation grants and technical assistance grants for the environmental and social safeguards policy and the gender policy; and a new readiness support package grant window following a successful pilot phase;

[...]

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