Gender Mandates in Climate Policy

Before you start

In the last few years, the UNFCCC – the only one out of three Rio Conventions that lacked mandates on women’s rights and gender equality from the outset – has made major strides in integrating gender across all thematic areas in the negotiations. Most notable in recent years are the launch in 2014 of the Lima Work Programme on Gender and the integration of gender in the Paris Agreement as a preambular principle for all climate action, as well as in relation to adaptation and capacity building. Decisions have aimed to enhance gender equality via both policy and practice, encouraging gender balance in decision-making as well as responsiveness to gender issues in the development, implementation and monitoring of climate change policies and actions.

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Gender reference

Reaffirms the key role that a broad range of stakeholders, inter alia, national governments, regions as applicable, cities, education and cultural institutions, museums, the private sector, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, decision makers, scientists, the media, teachers, youth, women and indigenous peoples, play in ensuring Action for Climate Empowerment.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decision 17/CP.22 and decision 17/CMA.1 in which it was decided that efforts related to the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement should be referred to as Action for Climate Empowerment,

Reaffirming the importance of all elements of Article 6 of the Convention and of Article 12 of the Paris Agreement –education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information, and international cooperation –for the implementation of the ultimate objective of the Convention and the Paris Agreement, respectively,

Also reaffirming the key role that a broad range of stakeholders, inter alia, national governments, regions as applicable, cities, education and cultural institutions, museums, the private sector, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, decision makers, scientists, the media, teachers, youth, women and indigenous peoples, play in ensuring Action for Climate Empowerment,

1. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, at its fifty-second session (June 2020), to launch the review of the implementation of the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention on the basis of the terms of reference contained in the annex to this decision, and to consider future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, following the review of the Doha work programme, and to prepare a draft decision for consideration and adoption at the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (November 2020);

2. Invites Parties, observer organizations and other stakeholders to submit, via the submission portal1by 15 February 2020, information on steps taken to implement the Doha work programme and in relation to Action for Climate Empowerment, including activities and results, best practices, lessons learned, and emerging gaps and needs, as well as recommendations and views on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement;

3. Also invites United Nations organizations, in particular the members of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness, observer organizations and other stakeholders to submit, via the submission portal by 15 February 2020, information on their activities to support the implementation of the Doha work programme and Action for Climate Empowerment, as well as recommendations and views on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement;

4. Further invites Parties and observer organizations to submit via the submission portal by 15 February 2020, their views on the agenda for the 8thin-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment, which will advance the discussions on ways to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, following the review of the Doha work programme; 

5. Requests the secretariat to organize the 8thin-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment in 2020 to advance the discussions on recommendations and views on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement;

6.Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications ofthe activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in the annex;

7.Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

 

Annex

Terms of reference for the review of the implementation of the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention

I. Mandate

1. At its eighteenth session, the Conference of the Parties (COP) adopted the eight-year Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention and decided that it would bereviewed in 2020, with an intermediate review of progress in 2016, to evaluate its effectiveness, identify any emerging gaps and needs, and inform any decisions on improving the effectiveness of the work programme, as appropriate.

2. At the same session, the COP requested the secretariat to prepare reports on the progress made by Parties in implementing Article 6 of the Convention based on information contained in national communications, reports on the annual in-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment and other sources of information, including a report on good practices of stakeholder participation in implementing Article 6 activities.5The report on progress made in implementing the Doha work programme6was issued for the intermediate progress review in 2016.

3.The COP was invited by7the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement to also include efforts related to the implementation of Article 12 of the Paris Agreement when reviewing the Doha work programme in accordance with decision 15/CP.18.

II.Objectives

4.With a view to encouraging improvement based on experience, the objectives of the review of the implementation of the Doha work programme are:

(a) To take stock of the progress made in the implementation of the Doha work programme and Action for Climate Empowerment to date, noting that this work is still ongoing;

(b) To evaluate effectiveness, and identify essential needs, emerging gaps in and barriers to the implementation of the Doha work programme;

(c) To identify good practices and lessons learned with a view to their dissemination, promotion and replication, as appropriate;

(d) To identify recommendations and possible further actions on enhancing the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, with regard to future work on Action for Climate Empowerment, following the review of the Doha work programme.

III.Information sources

5.Information for the review of the Doha work programme should be drawn from, inter alia:

(a) Reports and outcomes of the annual in-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment, which have been conducted under the Doha Work Programme since 2013;

(b) Information submitted by Parties, observer organizations and other stakeholders in response to the invitation contained in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this decision;

(c) The outcomes of the Action for Climate Empowerment workshop held at the forty-eighth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) and the Action for Climate Empowerment youth forum organized on 29 April 2018; 

(d) National communications and other relevant national reports;

(e) Relevant information and resource materials from United Nations organizations, in particular themembers of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness;

(f) Relevant information developed under Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, including the integration of Action for Climate Empowerment into climate change policies, as well as information on the development and implementation of national strategies on Action for Climate Empowerment.

IV.Modalities of review and expected outcomes

6. Drawing upon the information sources listed in paragraph 5 above, the secretariat willprepare for consideration at SBI 52 (June 2020):

(a) A synthesis report on the progress made and effectiveness, as well as emerging gaps, needs and recommendations from Parties, observer organizations and other stakeholders, in implementing the Doha work programme and Action for Climate Empowerment;

(b) An information note presenting options and ways on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, following the review of the Doha work programme.

7.In its review of the implementation of the Doha work programme, SBI 52 will consider the documents listed in paragraph 6 above and any other information relevant to the completion of the review, including the information referred to in paragraph 5 above.

Gender reference

2. Also welcomes the progress of the Green Climate Fund in 2019 on the following, including in relation to guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties: 

(f) The adoption of the updated Gender Policy and Action Plan 2020–2023, in particular the support modality for national designated authorities and focal points to implement the policy and action plan, as well as support for direct access entities from the project preparation facility; 

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decision 3/CP.17,

Also recalling decision 10/CP.22, paragraph 5,

1. Welcomes the report of the Green Climate Fund to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session and its addendum,1 including the list of actions taken by the Board of the Green Climate Fund (hereinafter referred to as the Board) in response to guidance received from the Conference of the Parties;

2. Also welcomes the progress of the Green Climate Fund in 2019 on the following, including in relation to guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties:

(a) The increase in the number of project proposals approved, which brings the total amount approved by the Board to USD 5.6 billion to support the implementation of 124 adaptation and mitigation projects and programmes in 105 developing countries;

(b) The increase in the number of entities accredited by the Board, which brings the total number of accredited entities to 95, of which 56 are direct access entities;

(c) The adoption of procedures for adopting decisions in the event that all efforts at reaching consensus have been exhausted, as specified in the Governing Instrument for the Green Climate Fund;

(d) The adoption of a revised strategy for the Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme; 

(e) The adoption of the policy on the restructuring and cancellation of projects and programmes;

(f) The adoption of the updated Gender Policy and Action Plan 2020–2023, in particular the support modality for national designated authorities and focal points to implement the policy and action plan, as well as support for direct access entities from the project preparation facility;

(g) The adoption of the workplan of the Board for 2020–2023, which establishes a regular policy implementation, learning and review cycle;

(h) The adoption of the Green Climate Fund’s policy on co-financing;

(i) The forward-looking performance review of the Green Climate Fund;

(j) The continued collaboration between the Green Climate Fund, the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Technology Executive Committee;

(k) The collaboration between the Green Climate Fund, the Adaptation Committee and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group;

(l) The steps agreed at the 24th meeting of the Board to finalize, at the 25th meeting of the Board, the draft Strategic Plan 2020–2023;

(m) Policies related to integrity, notably the policy on the protection from sexual exploitation, sexual abuse and sexual harassment and the standard on anti-money-laundering and countering the financing of terrorism;

3. Further welcomes the pledges made by 28 contributors and the successful conclusion of the first formal replenishment process of the Green Climate Fund, resulting in a nominal pledge of USD 9.66 billion and a notional credit of USD 118.47 million that may be earned in the event all contributors make early encashment;

4. Encourages further pledges and contributions towards the first formal replenishment period;

5. Also encourages contributing countries to confirm their pledges to the Green Climate Fund in the form of fully executed contribution agreements or arrangements as soon as possible;

6. Reiterates the request to the Green Climate Fund to accelerate the disbursement of funds for already approved projects, including for readiness support, and provide detailed information on disbursement levels and measures taken in this regard in its report to the Conference of the Parties;

7. Welcomes the approval of the Board’s four-year workplan and requests the Board to complete its work on closing policy gaps, streamlining and simplifying approval processes, including for readiness support and national adaptation plans, and addressing the review of the accreditation framework as soon as possible so as not to disrupt the project and programme approval cycle during the first formal replenishment;

8. Encourages the Board of the Green Climate Fund to continue its efforts to ensure that the Green Climate Fund enjoys privileges and immunities;

9. Takes note of the engagement of the President of the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session with the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the matter of granting privileges and immunities for the Green Climate Fund and its officials through a possible institutional linkage between the United Nations and the Green Climate Fund, and requests the President to report on this engagement at its twenty-sixth session (November 2020);

10. Decides to continue its consideration of the matter in paragraph 9 above at its twentysixth session;

11. Invites Parties to submit to the secretariat their views and recommendations on elements to be taken into account in developing guidance for the Board via the submission portal4 no later than 10 weeks prior to the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties;

12. Requests the Standing Committee on Finance to take into consideration the submissions referred to in paragraph 11 above when preparing its draft guidance to the Board for consideration by the Conference of the Parties and the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement;

13. Also requests the Board to include in its annual report to the Conference of the Parties information on the steps it has taken to implement the guidance provided in this decision;

14. Takes note of decision -/CMA.25 and decides to transmit to the Green Climate Fund the guidance from the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement contained in paragraphs 15–21 below, in accordance with decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 61;

15. Welcomes the report of the Green Climate Fund to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session and its addendum, including the list of actions taken by the Board in response to guidance received from the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement;

16. Also welcomes the Board’s decision confirming that the current Green Climate Fund modalities enable support for the preparation and implementation of nationally determined contributions and adaptation-related elements of the Paris Agreement;

17. Recalls Article 7, paragraph 1, of the Paris Agreement, in which Parties established a global goal on adaptation for enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change;

18. Takes note of the encouragement of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement7 for the Green Climate Fund, among others, to continue channelling support to developing country Parties for the implementation of their adaptation plans and actions in accordance with the priorities and needs outlined in their adaptation communication and/or nationally determined contributions;

19. Encourages the Green Climate Fund to continue to enhance its support for adaptation and requests the Green Climate Fund to:

(a) Swiftly conclude its work on guidance on the approach and scope for providing support to adaptation activities;

(b) Continue to enhance its support for the implementation of national adaptation plans, in line with Board decisions on enhancing readiness programming;

20. Also encourages the Green Climate Fund to continue to collaborate with the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Technology Executive Committee with a view to both strengthening cooperative action on technology development and transfer at different stages of the technology cycle and achieving a balance between support for mitigation and support for adaptation;

21. Invites the Board of the Green Climate Fund to continue providing financial resources for activities relevant to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage in developing country Parties, to the extent consistent with the existing investment, results framework and funding windows and structures of the Green Climate Fund, and to facilitate efficient access in this regard, and in this context to take into account the strategic workstreams of the fiveyear rolling workplan of the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts. 

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