Gender Mandates in Climate Policy

Before you start

In the last few years, the UNFCCC – the only one out of three Rio Conventions that lacked mandates on women’s rights and gender equality from the outset – has made major strides in integrating gender across all thematic areas in the negotiations. In 2014, the Lima Work Programme on Gender launched, and in 2015, the Paris Agreement integrated gender equality as a preambular principle for all climate action, as well as in relation to adaptation and capacity building. In 2017, the first Gender Action Plan was adopted, followed in 2019 by the adoption of the enhanced Lima Work Programme on Gender and its Gender Action Plan. Additional decisions have aimed to enhance gender equality via both policy and practice, encouraging gender balance indecision-making as well as responsiveness to gender issues in the development, implementation and monitoring of climate change policies and actions.

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Gender reference

Annex

Types of information to be provided by Parties in accordance with Article 9, paragraph 5, of the Paris Agreement 

This should include:

(c) Information on policies and priorities, including regions and geography, recipient countries, beneficiaries, targeted groups, sectors and gender responsiveness;

Elaborated language

Annex

Types of information to be provided by Parties in accordance with Article 9, paragraph 5, of the Paris Agreement

Developed country Parties shall biennially communicate indicative quantitative and qualitative information related to Article 9, paragraphs 1 and 3, of the Paris Agreement, as applicable, including, as available, projected levels of public financial resources to be provided to developing country Parties. Other Parties providing resources are encouraged to communicate biennially such information on a voluntary basis. This should include:

(a) Enhanced information to increase clarity on the projected levels of public financial resources to be provided to developing countries, as available.

(b) Indicative quantitative and qualitative information on programmes, including projected levels, channels and instruments, as available.

(c) Information on policies and priorities, including regions and geography, recipient countries, beneficiaries, targeted groups, sectors and gender responsiveness.

(d) Information on purposes and types of support: mitigation, adaptation, crosscutting activities, technology transfer and capacity-building.

(e) Information on the factors that providers of climate finance look for in evaluating proposals, in order to help to inform developing countries.

(f) An indication of new and additional resources to be provided, and how it determines such resources as new and additional.

(g) Information on national circumstances and limitations relevant to the provision of ex ante information.

(h) Information on relevant methodologies and assumptions used to project levels of climate finance.

(i) Information on challenges and barriers encountered in the past, lessons learned and measures taken to overcome them.

(j) Information on how Parties are aiming to ensure a balance between adaptation and mitigation, taking into account the country-driven strategies and the needs and priorities of developing country Parties, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change and have significant capacity constraints, such as the least developed countries and small island developing States, considering the need for public and grant-based resources for adaptation.

(k) Information on action and plans to mobilize additional climate finance as part of the global effort to mobilize climate finance from a wide variety of sources, including on the relationship between the public interventions to be used and the private finance mobilized.

(l) Information on how financial support effectively addresses the needs and priorities of developing country Parties and supports country-driven strategies.

(m) Information on how support provided and mobilized is targeted at helping developing countries in their efforts to meet the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement, including by assisting them in efforts to make finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.

(n) Information on efforts to integrate climate change considerations, including resilience, into their development support.

(o) Information on how support to be provided to developing country Parties enhances their capacities.

Gender reference

Annex

II. Principles

3. (b) Be designed and implemented in a manner that facilitates the active participation of all relevant stakeholders and takes into account sustainable development, gender, the special circumstances of the least developed countries and small island developing States, and the enhancement of indigenous capacities and endogenous technologies; 

Elaborated language

Annex

II. Principles 

3. The principles of the technology framework, which are coherence, inclusiveness, results-oriented approach, transformational approach and transparency, should guide the Technology Mechanism in implementing the Paris Agreement, as follows: 

(a) Align with the long-term vision for technology development and transfer and other provisions of the Paris Agreement, national plans and strategies under the Convention and actions undertaken by relevant institutions in the international climate regime and beyond;

(b) Be designed and implemented in a manner that facilitates the active participation of all relevant stakeholders and takes into account sustainable development, gender, the special circumstances of the least developed countries and small island developing States, and the enhancement of indigenous capacities and endogenous technologies;

(c) Be results-oriented in terms of output, outcome and impact;

(d) Address the transformational changes envisioned in the Paris Agreement;

(e) Be designed and implemented in a manner that enhances the transparency of the results, costs and process, such as through planning, resource management and reporting on activities and support. 
 
 

Gender reference

Annex

Modalities, procedures and guidelines for the transparency framework for action and support referred to in Article 13 of the Paris Agreement 

IV. Information related to climate change impacts and adaptation under Article 7 of the Paris Agreement 

D. Adaptation strategies, policies, plans, goals and actions to integrate adaptation into national policies and strategies. Each Party should provide the following information, as appropriate:

(c) How best available science, gender perspectives and indigenous, traditional and local knowledge are integrated into adaptation; 

VII. Technical Expert Review

I. Technical expert review team and institutional arrangements

2. Composition 

178. The secretariat shall select the members of the technical expert review team with a view to achieving a balance between experts from developed and developing country Parties. The secretariat shall ensure geographical and gender balance among the technical review experts, to the extent possible. When selecting members of the technical expert review team for centralized group reviews of biennial transparency reports from the LDCs and SIDS, the secretariat shall strive to include technical experts from the LDCs and SIDS. 

Elaborated language

Annex

Modalities, procedures and guidelines for the transparency framework for action and support referred to in Article 13 of the Paris Agreement 

IV. Information related to climate change impacts and adaptation under Article 7 of the Paris Agreement 

D. Adaptation strategies, policies, plans, goals and actions to integrate adaptation into national policies and strategies.

109. Each Party should provide the following information, as appropriate:

(a) Implementation of adaptation actions in accordance with the global goal for adaptation, as set out in Article 7, paragraph 1, of the Paris Agreement;

(b) Adaptation goals, actions, objectives, undertakings, efforts, plans (e.g. national adaptation plans and subnational plans), strategies, policies, priorities (e.g. priority sectors, priority regions or integrated plans for coastal management, water and agriculture), programmes and efforts to build resilience;

(c) How best available science, gender perspectives and indigenous, traditional and local knowledge are integrated into adaptation;

(d) Development priorities related to climate change adaptation and impacts;

(e) Any adaptation actions and/or economic diversification plans leading to mitigation co-benefits;

(f) Efforts to integrate climate change into development efforts, plans, policies and programming, including related capacity-building activities;

(g) Nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation;

(h) Stakeholder involvement, including subnational, community-level and private sector plans, priorities, actions and programmes.

 

VII. Technical Expert Review

I. Technical expert review team and institutional arrangements

2. Composition 

175. Technical experts shall have recognized competence in the areas to be reviewed.

176. The secretariat shall compose a technical review team in such a way that the collective skills and competencies of the technical expert review teams correspond to the information to be reviewed, as specified in chapter VII.B above, and that the teams include experts for each significant GHG inventory sector, mitigation and support, cooperative approaches and internationally transferred mitigation outcomes under Article 6, and LULUCF, as relevant.

177. At least one team member should be fluent in the language of the Party under review, to the extent possible.

178. The secretariat shall select the members of the technical expert review team with a view to achieving a balance between experts from developed and developing country Parties. The secretariat shall ensure geographical and gender balance among the technical review experts, to the extent possible. When selecting members of the technical expert review team for centralized group reviews of biennial transparency reports from the LDCs and SIDS, the secretariat shall strive to include technical experts from the LDCs and SIDS. 

179. Two successive reviews of a Party’s submission cannot be performed by the same technical expert review team.

180. Every effort should be made to select lead reviewers who have participated in reviews under the Convention or Article 13 of the Paris Agreement.

181. The technical expert review team shall include two lead reviewers, one from a developed country Party and another from a developing country Party.

182. Experts from developing country Parties participating in the technical expert review team shall be funded according to the existing procedures for participation in UNFCCC activities. 

Gender reference

Notes with appreciation that the Technology Executive Committee adopted an approach to integrating gender considerations into its rolling workplan for 2019–2022, and encourages the Technology Executive Committee to continue its efforts in this regard and report on this matter; 

Notes with appreciation the continued efforts of the Climate Technology Centre and Network in mainstreaming gender consideration in its operations and technical assistance activities and encourages the Climate Technology Centre and Network to continue these efforts and to report thereon

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 2/CP.17, 1/CP.21, 12/CP.21, 15/CP.22, 21/CP.22, 3/CP.23, 13/CP.23, 15/CP.23, 12/CP.24 and 13/CP.24,

1. Welcomes the joint annual report of the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network for 2019 and their progress in facilitating effective implementation of the Technology Mechanism;

2. Also welcomes the collaboration of the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network, including through the organization of back-toback meetings between the Technology Executive Committee and the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre and Network and regional technical expert meetings, and  invites them to enhance their collaboration and to ensure the provision of feedback between them;

3. Further welcomes the coherent approach of the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network to developing and enhancing their monitoring and evaluation systems, and encourages them to use these systems to improve reporting on the outputs and impacts of their work and facilitate the achievement thereof;

4. Invites the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network to continue undertaking joint communication and outreach activities to ensure coherent communication under the Technology Mechanism;

5. Welcomes the engagement and collaboration of the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network with the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism and encourages their continued and enhanced collaboration;

I. Activities and performance of the Technology Executive Committee in 2019

6. Welcomes the rolling workplan of the Technology Executive Committee for 2019–20222 and the progress of the Committee in advancing the implementation thereof, including in the areas of innovation, implementation, enabling environment and capacity-building, collaboration and stakeholder engagement, and support;

7. Invites Parties and relevant stakeholders, in planning and implementing action related to technology development and transfer, to consider and build on the recommendations of the Technology Executive Committee on ways forward and actions to be taken on the basis of the outcomes of the technical expert meetings on mitigation in 2019 as well as the key messages of the Committee for 2019 on endogenous capacities and technologies; 

8. Notes with appreciation that the Technology Executive Committee adopted an approach to integrating gender considerations into its rolling workplan for 2019–2022, and encourages the Technology Executive Committee to continue its efforts in this regard and report on this matter; 

9. Welcomes the collaboration of the Technology Executive Committee with the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts in preparing a joint policy brief on technologies for averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage in coastal zones, and looks forward to the completion of the policy brief in 2020;

10. Takes note of the Technology Executive Committee’s efforts to reach out to regional stakeholders and national designated entities, including through the participation of representatives of the Technology Executive Committee in regional forums of the Climate Technology Centre and Network;

11. Invites the Technology Executive Committee to continue the efforts referred to in paragraph 10 above to enhance the visibility of and seek feedback on its work and requests the Technology Executive Committee to report on such efforts;

12. Notes the initiative of the Technology Executive Committee, under its rolling workplan for 2019–2022, to promote innovative approaches to upscaling adaptation technologies, including through the organization of an in-session technology day in 2020;

II. Activities and performance of the Climate Technology Centre and Network in 2019

13. Welcomes the appointment by the United Nations Environment Programme, as host of the Climate Technology Centre, of Rose Mwebaza as the new Director of the Climate Technology Centre and Network;

14. Expresses its appreciation to the former Director of the Climate Technology Centre and Network, Jukka Uosukainen, for his leadership in ensuring the full operationalization of the Climate Technology Centre and Network;

15. Welcomes the programme of work of the Climate Technology Centre and Network for 2019–2022 and the progress in implementing the activities therein, including multicountry and regional approaches to delivering its services;

16. Also welcomes the progress of the Climate Technology Centre and Network in collaborating with the Green Climate Fund and encourages the Climate Technology Centre and Network to continue this collaboration, including under the Green Climate Fund Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme, for, inter alia, developing and updating technology needs assessments and technology action plans to support implementation of nationally determined contributions;

17. Also encourages the Climate Technology Centre and Network to continue implementing plans and actions in response to the recommendations from the independent review of the effective implementation of the Climate Technology Centre and Network; 

18. Welcomes with appreciation the collaboration of the Climate Technology Centre and Network with relevant stakeholders, including the private sector, in implementing their activities, and requests the Climate Technology Centre and Network to enhance this collaboration;

19. Invites the Climate Technology Centre and Network to enhance engagement with Network members, including through new and innovative approaches, and to include information on this matter in the joint annual report of the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network for 2020;

20. Notes with appreciation the continued efforts of the Climate Technology Centre and Network in mainstreaming gender consideration in its operations and technical assistance activities and encourages the Climate Technology Centre and Network to continue these efforts and to report thereon;

21. Also notes with appreciation the ongoing efforts of the Climate Technology Centre and Network to mobilize resources for implementing its functions, including pro bono and in-kind contributions;

22. Requests the Climate Technology Centre and Network to analyse experience and lessons learned with regard to pro bono and in-kind contributions, including with a view to increasing such contributions, and to include information thereon in the joint annual report of the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network for 2020;

23. Expresses its appreciation for the financial contributions provided by Parties to support the work of the Climate Technology Centre and Network to date;

24. Notes with concern the challenge of securing sustainable financial resources for the Climate Technology Centre and Network;

25. Recalls the memorandum of understanding between the Conference of the Parties and the United Nations Environment Programme regarding the hosting of the Climate Technology Centre, as contained in annex I to decision 14/CP.18, and invites the United Nations Environment Programme, as the host of the Climate Technology Centre, to develop and implement plans to financially support the operation of the Climate Technology Centre and Network so as to facilitate its effective functioning, in accordance with this memorandum of understanding;

26. Requests the Climate Technology Centre and Network to:

(a) Enhance its resource mobilization efforts and further diversify the sources, including by exploring new and innovative ways, to support its operation in order to effectively implement its programme of work;

(b) Report on the activities and plans referred to in paragraph 26(a) above in the joint annual reports of the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network.

Gender reference

See elaborated language.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decisions 36/CP.7, 1/CP.16, 23/CP.18, 18/CP.20, 1/CP.21, 21/CP.22 and 3/CP.23, the Paris Agreement and the Katowice climate package,

Acknowledging the continuing need for gender mainstreaming through all relevant targets and goals in activities under the Convention as an important contribution to increasing their effectiveness, fairness and sustainability,

Also acknowledging the important role of the Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan in advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment in the UNFCCC process, demonstrated by the review by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation,

Noting with appreciation the contributions received from Parties and observers in support of the gender mainstreaming work undertaken to date,

Recognizing with concern that climate change impacts on women and men can often differ owing to historical and current gender inequalities and multidimensional factors and can be more pronounced in developing countries and for local communities and indigenous peoples,

Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity,  

Taking into account the imperatives of a just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent work and quality jobs in accordance with nationally defined development priorities,

1. Welcomes the report on the implementation of the Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan, and recognizes the action taken by Parties, UNFCCC constituted bodies, the secretariat and observers to implement them;

2. Takes note of the report on the gender composition of Party delegations and constituted bodies,2 which highlights the persistent lack of progress in and the urgent need for improving the representation of women in Party delegations and constituted bodies;

3. Also takes note of the report on progress in integrating a gender perspective into constituted body processes,3 which indicates that an increasing number of constituted bodies are reporting on gender, and encourages constituted bodies to continue strengthening their efforts in this area;

4. Encourages Parties to enhance their efforts to advance the implementation of the decisions referred to in the preamble;

5. Adopts the enhanced five-year Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan as contained in the annex;

6. Acknowledges that capacity-building, knowledge management and the sharing of experience are essential to supporting relevant actors in designing and implementing genderresponsive climate action and for increasing the effectiveness and scaling up of these measures;

7. Recognizes that the full, meaningful and equal participation and leadership of women in all aspects of the UNFCCC process and in national- and local-level climate policy and action is vital for achieving long-term climate goals;

8. Acknowledges that coherence with relevant United Nations processes, in particular the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as applicable, and within national implementation will contribute to improving the efficiency and effectiveness of efforts to integrate gender considerations into climate action;

9. Notes that gender-responsive implementation and means of implementation of climate policy and action can enable Parties to raise ambition, as well as enhance gender equality, and just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent work and quality jobs in accordance with nationally defined development priorities;

10. Decides to undertake a review of the implementation of the enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan at the sixty-first session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (2024), identifying progress and further work to be undertaken, and to conduct an intermediate review of the progress of implementation of the activities contained in the gender action plan at the fifty-sixth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (June 2022);

11. Encourages Parties to appoint and provide support for a national gender and climate change focal point for climate negotiations, implementation and monitoring;

12. Requests all constituted bodies to continue to include in their regular reports information on progress towards integrating a gender perspective into their processes;

13. Invites Parties to submit information on efforts and steps taken to implement the enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan in their national reporting under the UNFCCC process, as applicable;

14. Also invites relevant public and private entities to increase the gender-responsiveness of climate finance with a view to strengthening the capacity of women;  

15. Requests the secretariat to continue to:

(a) Maintain the position of senior gender focal point to retain relevant expertise and support and monitor the implementation of the enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan;

(b) Prepare an annual gender composition report and a biennial synthesis report on progress in integrating a gender perspective into constituted body processes;

(c) Provide capacity-building support to constituted bodies and secretariat staff in integrating a gender perspective into their respective areas of work in collaboration with relevant organizations, as appropriate;

(d) Facilitate coordination with other United Nations entities, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations when supporting the implementation of the enhanced Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan;

(e) Facilitate support for building and strengthening the skills and capacities of national gender and climate change focal points;

(f) Enhance communication and information-sharing through existing UNFCCC web-based resources and communication activities;

(g) Participate in the United Nations System-Wide Action Plan on Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women to strengthen the integration of gender considerations within the organization and work of the secretariat;

16. Invites Parties to provide support for developing country Parties to address genderrelated action under the Convention and the Paris Agreement, including in relation to the UNFCCC gender action plan;

17. Encourages Parties and relevant organizations to participate and engage in the implementation of the gender-related activities within the gender action plan, as appropriate;

18. Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in paragraph 15 above and activities A.1–5, B.1–3, C.1–3, D.1– 3 and 6, and E.1–2 in the annex;

19. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources. 

 

Annex

Gender action plan

1. The enhanced gender action plan sets out objectives and activities under five priority areas that aim to advance knowledge and understanding of gender-responsive climate action and its coherent mainstreaming in the implementation of the UNFCCC and the work of Parties, the secretariat, United Nations entities and all stakeholders at all levels, as well as women’s full, equal and meaningful participation in the UNFCCC process.

Priority areas

2. Parties, the secretariat, UNFCCC constituted bodies and relevant organizations are invited to undertake the activities set out in the gender action plan, as appropriate.

3. The gender action plan sets out, in five priority areas, the activities that will drive the achievement of its objectives. The objectives of each priority area follow in paragraphs 4–8 below.

A. Capacity-building, knowledge management and communication

4. To enhance the systematic integration of gender considerations into climate policy and action and the application of understanding and expertise to the actions called for under the Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan, and facilitate outreach, knowledge-sharing and the communication of activities undertaken to enhance genderresponsive climate action and its impacts in advancing women’s leadership, achieving gender equality and ensuring effective climate action.

B. Gender balance, participation and women’s leadership

5. To achieve and sustain the full, equal and meaningful participation of women in the UNFCCC process.

C. Coherence

6. To strengthen the integration of gender considerations within the work of UNFCCC constituted bodies, the secretariat and other United Nations entities and stakeholders towards the consistent implementation of gender-related mandates and activities.

D. Gender-responsive implementation and means of implementation

7. To ensure the respect, promotion and consideration of gender equality and the empowerment of women in the implementation of the Convention and the Paris Agreement.

E. Monitoring and reporting

8. To improve tracking of the implementation of and reporting on gender-related mandates under the Lima work programme on gender and its gender action plan. 

See Table 1 for full list of Gender Action Plan activities.

Gender reference

Reaffirms the key role that a broad range of stakeholders, inter alia, national governments, regions as applicable, cities, education and cultural institutions, museums, the private sector, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, decision makers, scientists, the media, teachers, youth, women and indigenous peoples, play in ensuring Action for Climate Empowerment.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decision 17/CP.22 and decision 17/CMA.1 in which it was decided that efforts related to the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement should be referred to as Action for Climate Empowerment,

Reaffirming the importance of all elements of Article 6 of the Convention and of Article 12 of the Paris Agreement –education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information, and international cooperation –for the implementation of the ultimate objective of the Convention and the Paris Agreement, respectively,

Also reaffirming the key role that a broad range of stakeholders, inter alia, national governments, regions as applicable, cities, education and cultural institutions, museums, the private sector, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, decision makers, scientists, the media, teachers, youth, women and indigenous peoples, play in ensuring Action for Climate Empowerment,

1. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, at its fifty-second session (June 2020), to launch the review of the implementation of the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention on the basis of the terms of reference contained in the annex to this decision, and to consider future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, following the review of the Doha work programme, and to prepare a draft decision for consideration and adoption at the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (November 2020);

2. Invites Parties, observer organizations and other stakeholders to submit, via the submission portal1by 15 February 2020, information on steps taken to implement the Doha work programme and in relation to Action for Climate Empowerment, including activities and results, best practices, lessons learned, and emerging gaps and needs, as well as recommendations and views on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement;

3. Also invites United Nations organizations, in particular the members of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness, observer organizations and other stakeholders to submit, via the submission portal by 15 February 2020, information on their activities to support the implementation of the Doha work programme and Action for Climate Empowerment, as well as recommendations and views on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement;

4. Further invites Parties and observer organizations to submit via the submission portal by 15 February 2020, their views on the agenda for the 8thin-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment, which will advance the discussions on ways to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, following the review of the Doha work programme; 

5. Requests the secretariat to organize the 8thin-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment in 2020 to advance the discussions on recommendations and views on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement;

6.Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications ofthe activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in the annex;

7.Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

 

Annex

Terms of reference for the review of the implementation of the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention

I. Mandate

1. At its eighteenth session, the Conference of the Parties (COP) adopted the eight-year Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention and decided that it would bereviewed in 2020, with an intermediate review of progress in 2016, to evaluate its effectiveness, identify any emerging gaps and needs, and inform any decisions on improving the effectiveness of the work programme, as appropriate.

2. At the same session, the COP requested the secretariat to prepare reports on the progress made by Parties in implementing Article 6 of the Convention based on information contained in national communications, reports on the annual in-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment and other sources of information, including a report on good practices of stakeholder participation in implementing Article 6 activities.5The report on progress made in implementing the Doha work programme6was issued for the intermediate progress review in 2016.

3.The COP was invited by7the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement to also include efforts related to the implementation of Article 12 of the Paris Agreement when reviewing the Doha work programme in accordance with decision 15/CP.18.

II.Objectives

4.With a view to encouraging improvement based on experience, the objectives of the review of the implementation of the Doha work programme are:

(a) To take stock of the progress made in the implementation of the Doha work programme and Action for Climate Empowerment to date, noting that this work is still ongoing;

(b) To evaluate effectiveness, and identify essential needs, emerging gaps in and barriers to the implementation of the Doha work programme;

(c) To identify good practices and lessons learned with a view to their dissemination, promotion and replication, as appropriate;

(d) To identify recommendations and possible further actions on enhancing the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, with regard to future work on Action for Climate Empowerment, following the review of the Doha work programme.

III.Information sources

5.Information for the review of the Doha work programme should be drawn from, inter alia:

(a) Reports and outcomes of the annual in-session Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment, which have been conducted under the Doha Work Programme since 2013;

(b) Information submitted by Parties, observer organizations and other stakeholders in response to the invitation contained in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this decision;

(c) The outcomes of the Action for Climate Empowerment workshop held at the forty-eighth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) and the Action for Climate Empowerment youth forum organized on 29 April 2018; 

(d) National communications and other relevant national reports;

(e) Relevant information and resource materials from United Nations organizations, in particular themembers of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness;

(f) Relevant information developed under Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, including the integration of Action for Climate Empowerment into climate change policies, as well as information on the development and implementation of national strategies on Action for Climate Empowerment.

IV.Modalities of review and expected outcomes

6. Drawing upon the information sources listed in paragraph 5 above, the secretariat willprepare for consideration at SBI 52 (June 2020):

(a) A synthesis report on the progress made and effectiveness, as well as emerging gaps, needs and recommendations from Parties, observer organizations and other stakeholders, in implementing the Doha work programme and Action for Climate Empowerment;

(b) An information note presenting options and ways on future work to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention and Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, following the review of the Doha work programme.

7.In its review of the implementation of the Doha work programme, SBI 52 will consider the documents listed in paragraph 6 above and any other information relevant to the completion of the review, including the information referred to in paragraph 5 above.

Gender reference

2. Also welcomes the progress of the Green Climate Fund in 2019 on the following, including in relation to guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties: 

(f) The adoption of the updated Gender Policy and Action Plan 2020–2023, in particular the support modality for national designated authorities and focal points to implement the policy and action plan, as well as support for direct access entities from the project preparation facility; 

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling decision 3/CP.17,

Also recalling decision 10/CP.22, paragraph 5,

1. Welcomes the report of the Green Climate Fund to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session and its addendum,1 including the list of actions taken by the Board of the Green Climate Fund (hereinafter referred to as the Board) in response to guidance received from the Conference of the Parties;

2. Also welcomes the progress of the Green Climate Fund in 2019 on the following, including in relation to guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties:

(a) The increase in the number of project proposals approved, which brings the total amount approved by the Board to USD 5.6 billion to support the implementation of 124 adaptation and mitigation projects and programmes in 105 developing countries;

(b) The increase in the number of entities accredited by the Board, which brings the total number of accredited entities to 95, of which 56 are direct access entities;

(c) The adoption of procedures for adopting decisions in the event that all efforts at reaching consensus have been exhausted, as specified in the Governing Instrument for the Green Climate Fund;

(d) The adoption of a revised strategy for the Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme; 

(e) The adoption of the policy on the restructuring and cancellation of projects and programmes;

(f) The adoption of the updated Gender Policy and Action Plan 2020–2023, in particular the support modality for national designated authorities and focal points to implement the policy and action plan, as well as support for direct access entities from the project preparation facility;

(g) The adoption of the workplan of the Board for 2020–2023, which establishes a regular policy implementation, learning and review cycle;

(h) The adoption of the Green Climate Fund’s policy on co-financing;

(i) The forward-looking performance review of the Green Climate Fund;

(j) The continued collaboration between the Green Climate Fund, the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Technology Executive Committee;

(k) The collaboration between the Green Climate Fund, the Adaptation Committee and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group;

(l) The steps agreed at the 24th meeting of the Board to finalize, at the 25th meeting of the Board, the draft Strategic Plan 2020–2023;

(m) Policies related to integrity, notably the policy on the protection from sexual exploitation, sexual abuse and sexual harassment and the standard on anti-money-laundering and countering the financing of terrorism;

3. Further welcomes the pledges made by 28 contributors and the successful conclusion of the first formal replenishment process of the Green Climate Fund, resulting in a nominal pledge of USD 9.66 billion and a notional credit of USD 118.47 million that may be earned in the event all contributors make early encashment;

4. Encourages further pledges and contributions towards the first formal replenishment period;

5. Also encourages contributing countries to confirm their pledges to the Green Climate Fund in the form of fully executed contribution agreements or arrangements as soon as possible;

6. Reiterates the request to the Green Climate Fund to accelerate the disbursement of funds for already approved projects, including for readiness support, and provide detailed information on disbursement levels and measures taken in this regard in its report to the Conference of the Parties;

7. Welcomes the approval of the Board’s four-year workplan and requests the Board to complete its work on closing policy gaps, streamlining and simplifying approval processes, including for readiness support and national adaptation plans, and addressing the review of the accreditation framework as soon as possible so as not to disrupt the project and programme approval cycle during the first formal replenishment;

8. Encourages the Board of the Green Climate Fund to continue its efforts to ensure that the Green Climate Fund enjoys privileges and immunities;

9. Takes note of the engagement of the President of the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session with the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the matter of granting privileges and immunities for the Green Climate Fund and its officials through a possible institutional linkage between the United Nations and the Green Climate Fund, and requests the President to report on this engagement at its twenty-sixth session (November 2020);

10. Decides to continue its consideration of the matter in paragraph 9 above at its twentysixth session;

11. Invites Parties to submit to the secretariat their views and recommendations on elements to be taken into account in developing guidance for the Board via the submission portal4 no later than 10 weeks prior to the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties;

12. Requests the Standing Committee on Finance to take into consideration the submissions referred to in paragraph 11 above when preparing its draft guidance to the Board for consideration by the Conference of the Parties and the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement;

13. Also requests the Board to include in its annual report to the Conference of the Parties information on the steps it has taken to implement the guidance provided in this decision;

14. Takes note of decision -/CMA.25 and decides to transmit to the Green Climate Fund the guidance from the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement contained in paragraphs 15–21 below, in accordance with decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 61;

15. Welcomes the report of the Green Climate Fund to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session and its addendum, including the list of actions taken by the Board in response to guidance received from the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement;

16. Also welcomes the Board’s decision confirming that the current Green Climate Fund modalities enable support for the preparation and implementation of nationally determined contributions and adaptation-related elements of the Paris Agreement;

17. Recalls Article 7, paragraph 1, of the Paris Agreement, in which Parties established a global goal on adaptation for enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change;

18. Takes note of the encouragement of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement7 for the Green Climate Fund, among others, to continue channelling support to developing country Parties for the implementation of their adaptation plans and actions in accordance with the priorities and needs outlined in their adaptation communication and/or nationally determined contributions;

19. Encourages the Green Climate Fund to continue to enhance its support for adaptation and requests the Green Climate Fund to:

(a) Swiftly conclude its work on guidance on the approach and scope for providing support to adaptation activities;

(b) Continue to enhance its support for the implementation of national adaptation plans, in line with Board decisions on enhancing readiness programming;

20. Also encourages the Green Climate Fund to continue to collaborate with the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Technology Executive Committee with a view to both strengthening cooperative action on technology development and transfer at different stages of the technology cycle and achieving a balance between support for mitigation and support for adaptation;

21. Invites the Board of the Green Climate Fund to continue providing financial resources for activities relevant to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage in developing country Parties, to the extent consistent with the existing investment, results framework and funding windows and structures of the Green Climate Fund, and to facilitate efficient access in this regard, and in this context to take into account the strategic workstreams of the fiveyear rolling workplan of the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts. 

Gender reference

Encourages the Standing Committee on Finance to continue to enhance its efforts towards ensuring gender-responsiveness in implementing its workplan;

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement,

Recalling Article 9 of the Paris Agreement,

Also recalling decisions 1/CP.21, paragraphs 53 and 63, 14/CMA.1 and -/CP.25, 

1. Takes note of the report of the Standing Committee on Finance to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its second session and the recommendations contained therein; 

2. Endorses the workplan 3 of the Standing Committee on Finance for 2020 and underlines the importance of the Standing Committee on Finance focusing its work in 2020 in accordance with its current mandates;

3. Notes the outcomes of the discussions of the Standing Committee on Finance on the 2020 Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows and the report on the determination of the needs of developing country Parties related to implementing the Convention and the Paris Agreement as well as the respective workplans, outreach activities and indicative timelines for preparation; 

4. Expresses its appreciation to the Governments of Australia, Belgium, Germany, Norway, the Philippines and Switzerland for their financial contributions to support the work of the Standing Committee on Finance;

5. Welcomes the 2019 Forum of the Standing Committee on Finance, on the topic of climate finance and sustainable cities, with a focus on enhancing understanding of how to accelerate the mobilization and delivery of climate finance for the development of sustainable cities, and takes note of the summary report5 on the Forum;

6. Expresses its gratitude to the Governments of Australia, Lebanon and Norway, as well as to the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, the Union for the Mediterranean, and the Islamic Development Bank, for their financial, administrative and substantive support, which contributed to the success of the 2019 Forum of the Standing Committee on Finance;

7. Welcomes the decision of the Standing Committee on Finance on the topic of its 2020 Forum, which will be financing nature-based solutions;

8. Notes the inputs of the Standing Committee on Finance to the technical paper on the elaboration of the sources of and modalities for accessing financial support for addressing loss and damage; 

9. Encourages the Standing Committee on Finance to present, to the extent possible, disaggregated information in relation to, inter alia, mapping data availability and gaps by sector, assessing climate finance flows and presenting information on the determination of the needs of developing country Parties related to implementing the Convention and the Paris Agreement;

10. Underscores the important contribution of the Standing Committee on Finance in relation to the operational definitions of climate finance, and invites Parties to submit via the submission portal,7 by 30 April 2020, their views on the operational definitions of climate finance for consideration by the Standing Committee on Finance in order to enhance its technical work on this matter in the context of preparing its 2020 Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows;

11. Takes note of the strategic outreach plan8 of the Standing Committee on Finance on enhancing stakeholder engagement;

12. Encourages the Standing Committee on Finance, in implementing its strategic outreach plan, to build on existing efforts to reach out to developing country Parties and relevant developing country stakeholders when generating data and information for the determination of the needs of developing country Parties related to implementing the Convention and the Paris Agreement;

13. Looks forward to the inputs that may be provided by the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts to the work of the Standing Committee on Finance for its consideration in preparing elements of draft guidance for the operating entities;

14. Encourages the Standing Committee on Finance to continue to enhance its efforts towards ensuring gender-responsiveness in implementing its workplan;

15. Emphasizes the importance of the transparency of the proceedings and decisionmaking processes of the Standing Committee on Finance;

16. Takes note of the appointment of Standing Committee on Finance focal points to liaise with the other constituted bodies under the Convention and the Paris Agreement; 

17. Decides to initiate the review of the functions9 of the Standing Committee on Finance relating to the Paris Agreement, as part of the review referred to in decision -/CP.25,10 with a view to concluding it at its fifth session (November 2022);

18. Requests the Standing Committee on Finance to report to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement at its third session (November 2020) on progress in implementing its workplan;

19. Also requests that the actions of the Standing Committee on Finance called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources. 

Gender reference

Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity,

[...]

15. Recognizes the importance of particularly vulnerable developing countries and segments of the population that are already vulnerable owing to geography, socioeconomic status, livelihood, gender, age, indigenous or minority status, or disability, as well as the ecosystems they depend on, in the implementation of the Warsaw International Mechanism;

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement,

Recalling decision 2/CP.19, whereby the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts was established to address loss and damage associated with the impacts of climate change, including extreme events and slow onset events, in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change,

Also recalling decisions 3/CP.18, 2/CP.19, 2/CP.20, 1/CP.21, 2/CP.21, 3/CP.22, 4/CP.22, 5/CP.23 and 10/CP.24,

Further recalling Article 8 of the Paris Agreement,

Being aware of the relevant provisions of decisions 18/CMA.1 and 19/CMA.1,

Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity,

Reaffirming the role of the Warsaw International Mechanism in promoting the implementation of approaches to avert, minimize and address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in a comprehensive, integrated and coherent manner,

Also reaffirming the role of the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism in guiding the implementation of the functions of the Mechanism,

Recognizing the current insufficient level of mitigation and that reducing greenhouse gas emissions reduces the risks associated with the adverse effects of climate change,

Also recognizing the importance of the Warsaw International Mechanism for averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change,

Recalling that the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-second session recommended that the next review of the Warsaw International Mechanism be held in 2019,

Acknowledging the Executive Committee’s decision to identify follow-up activities to the 2019 review of the Warsaw International Mechanism under strategic workstream (e) of its five-year rolling workplan at its first meeting of 2020,

Also acknowledging that the Executive Committee agreed to discuss its role in and contribution to the global stocktake at its future meetings, starting with its first meeting of 2020,

Noting that the Executive Committee will evaluate progress in implementing its fiveyear rolling workplan in 2020 and at regular intervals at its subsequent meetings,

Having considered the effectiveness and efficiency of the Warsaw International Mechanism, as well as barriers and gaps, challenges and opportunities, and lessons learned in relation to the Mechanism, on the basis of the terms of reference for the 2019 review of the Mechanism,

1. Welcomes the report of the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts, including the recommendations contained therein;

2. Also welcomes the adoption of the plans of action of the task force on displacement and the technical expert group on comprehensive risk management by the Executive Committee during its 10th meeting;

3. Appreciates the contribution of all organizations and experts to the work of the Executive Committee, the Task Force on Displacement and the Technical Expert Group on Comprehensive Risk Management;

4. Acknowledges the catalytic role of the Warsaw International Mechanism in mobilizing and connecting relevant stakeholders;

5. Also acknowledges the progress, achievements and successful practices in implementing the Warsaw International Mechanism since 2013, while noting areas for improvement and shortcomings;

6. Further acknowledges that further work is needed to effectively operationalize the functions of the Warsaw International Mechanism as set out in decision 2/CP.19, paragraph 5;

7. Agrees that further guidance could contribute to improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the Warsaw International Mechanism, including its timeliness, relevance, visibility, coherence, complementarity, comprehensiveness, responsiveness and resourcing and the delivery and usefulness of its products and outputs;

8. Also agrees that the best available science, particularly in reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, should inform approaches to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with climate change impacts;

9. Recognizes the importance and value of indigenous, traditional and local knowledge;

10. Also recognizes the need to enhance the relevance, usefulness and dissemination of the outputs of the Warsaw International Mechanism to enable Parties and stakeholders to easily use and integrate these outputs into planning and implementing approaches to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage;

11. Encourages the Executive Committee to communicate its outputs in formats that are easy to translate, adapt and access in different contexts and by different users;

12. Requests the Executive Committee to identify modalities for fostering the sharing of relevant knowledge and experience among practitioners and vulnerable countries in an interactive and practical manner;

13. Encourages Parties to establish a loss and damage contact point through their respective national focal point;

14. Invites Parties to promote coherence in approaches to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage when formulating and implementing relevant national plans, strategies and frameworks, and creating enabling environments, including by considering future climate risk, reducing exposure and vulnerability, increasing resilience and coordinated action, and monitoring progress;

15. Recognizes the importance of particularly vulnerable developing countries and segments of the population that are already vulnerable owing to geography, socioeconomic status, livelihood, gender, age, indigenous or minority status, or disability, as well as the ecosystems they depend on, in the implementation of the Warsaw International Mechanism;

16. Encourages the Executive Committee to take into account when updating its five-year rolling workplan areas of work that may require short-, medium- and long-term consideration and efforts, including in relation to sustainable development and transformative change, in the context of the work of each of its thematic expert groups;

17. Recognizes the importance of integrating the consideration of approaches to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change into relevant work under and outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement;

18. Requests the secretariat, under the guidance of the Executive Committee, to organize meetings in conjunction with relevant regional forums, engaging relevant constituted bodies, networks and work programmes under the Convention and the Paris Agreement, within their respective mandates and workplans and in partnership with relevant organizations, to identify ways of integrating loss and damage into relevant work and guidelines, as appropriate;

19. Encourages relevant constituted bodies, networks and work programmes under the Convention and the Paris Agreement, within their respective mandates and workplans and in collaboration with the Executive Committee, to integrate loss and damage, where appropriate, into their work;

20. Acknowledges the importance of the involvement of and collaboration with relevant constituted bodies and expert groups, organizations and institutions, under and outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement, to enhance coordination, synergies and linkages;

21. Requests the Executive Committee and its thematic expert groups, in undertaking their work, to draw upon the work of and involve, as appropriate, relevant constituted bodies, networks and work programmes, as appropriate;

22. Encourages the Executive Committee to draw upon the work, information and expertise of bodies under the Convention and the Paris Agreement, as well as on international processes, such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030;

23. Invites the Executive Committee, acknowledging the need to strengthen risk assessment, to engage relevant experts and collect and disseminate information on methodologies available for integrating long-term assessment, including those associated with the quantification of risks, into comprehensive climate risk management approaches, including national and subnational assessment and planning processes;

24. Stresses the importance of enhancing the work on slow onset events and noneconomic losses associated with climate change impacts;

25. Requests the Executive Committee to revise the terms of reference for and launch the expert groups on slow onset events and non-economic losses, taking into account the broad range of issues covered by the relevant strategic workstreams, which may need to be addressed using a sequential approach;

26. Also requests the Executive Committee and its thematic expert groups to develop technical guides within their work on their respective thematic areas, avoiding duplication of work across workstreams, which include sections on the following:

(a) Risk assessments, including long-term risk assessments, of climate change impacts;

(b) Approaches to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the risk assessments referred to in paragraph 26(a) above;

(c) Resources available for supporting such approaches;

(d) Monitoring systems for assessing the effectiveness of these approaches;

27. Invites relevant organizations and other stakeholders to collaborate with the Executive Committee, including through strategic partnerships, in developing and disseminating products that support national focal points, loss and damage contact points and other relevant entities in raising awareness of averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with climate change impacts;

28. Encourages the Executive Committee, Parties, relevant constituted bodies and organizations under and outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement and other relevant stakeholders to facilitate or enhance research on, and share good practices for, averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage, including long-term risk assessment and risk communication;

29. Requests the Executive Committee, in collaboration with relevant organizations, to foster public education and awareness-raising efforts at the regional, national and local level, including efforts with a capacity-building component;

30. Recognizes the importance of scaling up the mobilization of resources to support efforts to avert, minimize and address loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change;

31. Also recognizes the urgency of enhancing the mobilization of action and support, including finance, technology and capacity-building, for developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change for averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change;

32. Urges the scaling-up of action and support, as appropriate, including finance, technology and capacity-building, for developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change for averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change;

33. Also urges private and non-governmental organizations, funds and other stakeholders, to scale up action and support, as appropriate, including finance, technology and capacitybuilding, for developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change for averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change;

34. Acknowledges the wide variety of sources, public and private, bilateral and multilateral, including alternative sources of finance, relevant to supporting approaches to avert, minimize and address loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change;

35. Urges the broad range of bodies, organizations and funds under and outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement to scale up support, including finance, technology and capacity-building, for developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change for averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change;

36. Invites Parties to make use of available support relevant for averting, minimizing and addressing impacts related to extreme weather events, slow onset events, non-economic losses and human mobility and for comprehensive risk management from a wide variety of sources, public and private, domestic bilateral and multilateral, under and outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement, including through the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism, as appropriate, to an extent consistent with their mandates;

37. Requests the Executive Committee to further engage and strengthen its dialogue with the Standing Committee on Finance by providing input in line with decision 2/CP.19, paragraph 5(c)(ii), to the Standing Committee on Finance when, in accordance with its mandate, it provides information, recommendations and draft guidance relating to the operating entities of the financial mechanisms under the Convention and the Paris Agreement, as appropriate;

38. Takes note of decision -/CMA.2,6 paragraph 8, whereby the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement invited the Board of the Green Climate Fund to continue providing financial resources for activities relevant to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage in developing country Parties, to the extent consistent with the existing investment, results framework and funding windows and structures of the Green Climate Fund, and to facilitate efficient access in this regard, and in this context to take into account the strategic workstreams of the five-year rolling workplan of the Executive Committee;

39. Requests the Executive Committee, in collaboration with the Green Climate Fund, as an operating entity of the Financial Mechanism, to clarify how developing country Parties may access funding from the Green Climate Fund for the development of funding proposals related to the strategic workstreams of the five-year rolling workplan of the Executive Committee, 8 consistently with paragraph 38 above, and to include information thereon in its annual reports;

40. Also requests the Executive Committee to establish, by the end of 2020, in accordance with its procedures and mandate, an expert group pursuant to decision 2/CP.19, paragraph 5(c), drawing on the work of and involving, as appropriate, existing bodies, organizations, networks and experts under and outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement, ensuring a fair, equitable and balanced representation within the group;

41. Decides that the expert group referred to in paragraph 40 above shall develop a focused plan of action, while avoiding duplication of existing efforts, at its first meeting to take place in 2020, on the following:

(a) The activities referred to in paragraphs 37 and 39 above;

(b) The collection, compilation and dissemination of information on the available sources of support under and outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement for activities relevant to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage in developing country Parties;

(c) Collaboration with the thematic expert groups of the Executive Committee to undertake the work referred to in paragraph 26 above; 

(d) Collaboration with relevant bodies and organizations under and outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement pursuant to decision 2/CP.19, paragraph 5(c)(iii);

(e) The organization of events in conjunction with relevant meetings and conferences, including the NAP Expo and regional events, to share information and experience relating to accessing available sources of support for averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change, in collaboration with relevant constituted bodies and organizations under and outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement, as appropriate;

(f) The analysis and identification of enabling conditions for effective implementation of risk transfer facilities and social protection schemes in the context of comprehensive risk management, as appropriate;

42. Recognizes the importance of building the capacity, and enhancing the facilitation, of the provision of technical support to developing countries for approaches to averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change;

43. Establishes, as part of the Warsaw International Mechanism, the Santiago network for averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change, to catalyse the technical assistance of relevant organizations, bodies, networks and experts, for the implementation of relevant approaches at the local, national and regional level, in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change;

44. Invites those organizations, bodies, networks and experts referred to in paragraph 43 above engaged in providing technical assistance to developing countries to report on their progress to the Executive Committee;

45. Requests the Executive Committee to include relevant information from the organizations, bodies, networks and experts that have reported on their progress, as referred to in paragraph 44 above, in its annual reports;

46. Recommends that the next review of the Warsaw International Mechanism be held in 2024 and every five years thereafter as follows:

(a) The subsidiary bodies will develop terms of reference for each review at their sessions immediately before the sessions at which they will undertake a review;

(b) The subsidiary bodies will undertake future reviews of the Warsaw International Mechanism and forward the outputs of the reviews to the governing body or bodies;

47. Notes that considerations related to the governance of the Warsaw International Mechanism will continue at its third session (November 2020);

48. Encourages Parties to make available sufficient resources for the successful and timely implementation of the five-year rolling workplan of the Executive Committee;

49. Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in this decision;

50. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources. 

Gender reference

Welcomes the work undertaken by the Global Environment Facility during its reporting period (1 July 2018 to 30 June 2019), including the implementation of the gender equality policy and the approval of the gender implementation strategy.

Elaborated language

The Conference of the Parties,

1. Welcomes the report of the Global Environment Facility to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session, including the responses of the Global Environment Facility to previous guidance from the Conference of the Parties;

2. Also welcomes the work undertaken by the Global Environment Facility during its reporting period (1 July 2018 to 30 June 2019), including

(a) The approval of climate change projects and programmes approved during the reporting period under the Global Environment Facility Trust Fund, the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Special Climate Change Fund;

(b) The approval of minimum requirements for Global Environment Facility Trust Fund agencies on anti-money-laundering and countering the financing of terrorism;

(c) The composition of the Private Sector Advisory Group; 

(d) The implementation of the gender equality policy and the approval of the gender implementation strategy;

(e) The approval of the policy on monitoring and the evaluation policy; 

3. Welcomes with appreciation the contributions made by developed country Parties to the Least Developed Countries Fund during the reporting period, amounting to USD 184 million,8 and the contribution made by Switzerland to the Special Climate Change Fund during the reporting period, amounting to USD 3.3 million, and encourages additional voluntary financial contributions to these funds to provide support for adaptation;

4. Invites the Global Environment Facility to continue its efforts to minimize the time between the approval of project concepts, the development and approval of the related projects, and the disbursement of funds by its implementing/executing agencies to the recipient countries of those projects;

5. Urges the Global Environment Facility to continue to report to the Conference of the Parties any change or update to the eligibility criteria for accessing the Global Environment Facility resources, including the System for Transparent Allocation of Resources country allocation, in its future reports to the Conference of the Parties;

6. Encourages the Global Environment Facility, as part of the overall performance study of its seventh replenishment, to analyse any challenges faced and lessons learned by the Global Environment Facility and its implementing agencies in applying the updated policy on co-financing of the Global Environment Facility and report back to the Conference of the Parties on the outcomes of the study;

7. Also encourages the Global Environment Facility, in collaboration with the Global Environment Facility country focal points, to promote the use of technology needs assessments to facilitate the financing and implementation of technology actions prioritized by countries in their technology needs assessments, within the scope of its mandate and operational modalities;

8. Invites the Global Environment Facility to consider:

(a) Exploring ways to include in the fourth phase of the global project on technology needs assessments the least developed countries and small island developing States that have never undertaken a technology needs assessment and have not been included in the fourth phase;

(b) Relevant recommendations contained in the report prepared by the Technology Executive Committee on the updated evaluation of the Poznan strategic programme on technology transfer,9 within the scope of its mandate and its operational modalities;

9. Also invites the Global Environment Facility, in accordance with its existing mandates and in collaboration with the Green Climate Fund, to report on lessons learned in supporting developing countries in collecting and managing information and data on adaptation;

10. Requests the Global Environment Facility, in administering the Least Developed Countries Fund, to continue facilitating the smooth transition of countries graduating from least developed country status by continuing to provide approved funding through the Least Developed Countries Fund until the completion of projects approved by the Least Developed Countries Fund Council prior to those countries’ graduation from least developed country status;

11. Takes note of decision -/CMA.210 and decides to transmit to the Global Environment Facility the guidance from the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement contained in paragraphs 12–13 below, in accordance with decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 61;

12. Welcomes the report of the Global Environment Facility to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session, 11 including the list of actions taken by the Global Environment Facility in response to guidance received from the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement;

13. Requests the Global Environment Facility, as an operating entity of the Financial Mechanism, under its seventh replenishment and throughout its replenishment cycles, to adequately support developing country Parties in preparing their first and subsequent biennial transparency reports, in accordance with Article 13, paragraphs 14–15, of the Paris Agreement and decision 18/CMA.1;

14. Invites Parties to submit to the secretariat via the submission portal, 12 no later than 10 weeks prior to the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (November 2020), their views and recommendations on elements to be taken into account in developing guidance to the Global Environment Facility;

15. Requests the Standing Committee on Finance to take into consideration the submissions referred to in paragraph 14 above when preparing its draft guidance to the Global Environment Facility for consideration by the Conference of the Parties and the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement;

16. Also requests the Global Environment Facility to include in its annual report to the Conference of the Parties information on the steps that it has taken to implement the guidance provided in this decision. 

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