Gender Mandates in Climate Policy

Before you start

In the last few years, the UNFCCC – the only one out of three Rio Conventions that lacked mandates on women’s rights and gender equality from the outset – has made major strides in integrating gender across all thematic areas in the negotiations. Most notable in recent years are the launch in 2014 of the Lima Work Programme on Gender and the integration of gender in the Paris Agreement as a preambular principle for all climate action, as well as in relation to adaptation and capacity building. Decisions have aimed to enhance gender equality via both policy and practice, encouraging gender balance in decision-making as well as responsiveness to gender issues in the development, implementation and monitoring of climate change policies and actions.

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Gender reference

Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity.

Elaborated language

The Parties to this Agreement,

Being Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, hereinafter referred to as “the Convention”,

Pursuant to the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action established by decision 1/CP.17 of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention at its seventeenth session,

In pursuit of the objective of the Convention, and being guided by its principles, including the principle of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, in the light of different national circumstances,

Recognizing the need for an effective and progressive response to the urgent threat of climate change on the basis of the best available scientific knowledge,

Also recognizing the specific needs and special circumstances of developing country Parties, especially those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, as provided for in the Convention,

Taking full account of the specific needs and special situations of the least developed countries with regard to funding and transfer of technology,

Recognizing that Parties may be affected not only by climate change, but also by the impacts of the measures taken in response to it,

Emphasizing the intrinsic relationship that climate change actions, responses and impacts have with equitable access to sustainable development and eradication of poverty,

Recognizing the fundamental priority of safeguarding food security and ending hunger, and the particular vulnerabilities of food production systems to the adverse impacts of climate change,

Taking into account the imperatives of a just transition of the workforce and the creation of decent work and quality jobs in accordance with nationally defined development priorities,

Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity,

Recognizing the importance of the conservation and enhancement, as appropriate, of sinks and reservoirs of the greenhouse gases referred to in the Convention,

Noting the importance of ensuring the integrity of all ecosystems, including oceans, and the protection of biodiversity, recognized by some cultures as Mother Earth, and noting the importance for some of the concept of “climate justice”, when taking action to address climate change,

Affirming the importance of education, training, public awareness, public participation, public access to information and cooperation at all levels on the matters addressed in this Agreement,

Recognizing the importance of the engagements of all levels of government and various actors, in accordance with respective national legislations of Parties, in addressing climate change,

Also recognizing that sustainable lifestyles and sustainable patterns of consumption and production, with developed country Parties taking the lead, play an important role in addressing climate change,

To read the full decision, see the link here.

Gender reference

Capacity-building should be guided by lessons learned, including those from capacity-building activities under the Convention, and should be an effective, iterative process that is participatory, cross-cutting and gender-responsive.

Elaborated language

1. Capacity-building under this Agreement should enhance the capacity and ability of developing country Parties, in particular countries with the least capacity, such as the least developed countries, and those that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, such as small island developing States, to take effective climate change action, including, inter alia, to implement adaptation and mitigation actions, and should facilitate technology development, dissemination and deployment, access to climate finance, relevant aspects of education, training and public awareness, and the transparent, timely and accurate communication of information.

2. Capacity-building should be country-driven, based on and responsive to national needs, and foster country ownership of Parties, in particular, for developing country Parties, including at the national, subnational and local levels. Capacity-building should be guided by lessons learned, including those from capacity-building activities under the Convention, and should be an effective, iterative process that is participatory, cross-cutting and gender-responsive.

3. All Parties should cooperate to enhance the capacity of developing country Parties to implement this Agreement. Developed country Parties should enhance support for capacity-building actions in developing country Parties.

4. All Parties enhancing the capacity of developing country Parties to implement this Agreement, including through regional, bilateral and multilateral approaches, shall regularly communicate on these actions or measures on capacity-building. Developing country Parties should regularly communicate progress made on implementing capacity-building plans, policies, actions or measures to implement this Agreement.

5. Capacity-building activities shall be enhanced through appropriate institutional arrangements to support the implementation of this Agreement, including the appropriate institutional arrangements established under the Convention that serve this Agreement. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to this Agreement shall, at its first session, consider and adopt a decision on the initial institutional arrangements for capacity-building.

 

    Gender reference

    1. Notes the following information, actions and decisions relating to the Adaptation Fund contained in the report of the Adaptation Fund Board and the oral report provided by the Chair of the Adaptation Fund Board in November 2016:

    (h) The approval of the gender policy and action plan of the Adaptation Fund;

    Elaborated language

    The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol,

    Recalling decisions 1/CMP.3, 2/CMP.10 and 1/CMP.11,

    Also recalling decision 1/CP.21,

    Noting the annual report of the Adaptation Fund Board, 

    1. Notes the following information, actions and decisions relating to the Adaptation Fund contained in the report of the Adaptation Fund Board and the oral report provided by the Chair of the Adaptation Fund Board in November 2016:

    (a) The accreditation of 25 national implementing entities that can access resources from the Adaptation Fund directly, including 4 entities accredited during the reporting period, and the accreditation of 6 regional implementing entities, including 2 accredited during the reporting period;

    (b) Cumulative project and programme approvals reaching USD 358 million as at 9 November 2016;

    (c) Funds available for new funding approvals amounting to USD 230.5 million as at 17 November 2016;

    (d) The approval of six project/programme proposals, totalling USD 36.8 million, submitted by implementing entities, including four proposals submitted by national implementing entities totalling USD 19.2 million;

    (e) The cumulative receipts of USD 546.9 million into the Adaptation Trust Fund;

    (f) The institutionalization of the readiness programme for direct access as a permanent component of the Adaptation Fund’s operations and the approval of South– South cooperation grants for Guinea, Malawi, Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe totalling USD 242,347, and technical assistance grants for Benin, Costa Rica, Micronesia (the Federated States of), Panama, Senegal and South Africa totalling USD 118,000;

    (g) The endorsement of the first concepts and pre-concepts under the pilot programme for regional projects/programmes, as well as the decision of the Adaptation Fund Board to extend the opportunity to submit regional proposals beyond the pilot programme;

    (h) The approval of the gender policy and action plan of the Adaptation Fund;

    (i) The ongoing discussion on linkages between the Adaptation Fund and the Green Climate Fund;

    (j) The fact that, in the light of the early entry into force of the Paris Agreement, the timelines given in paragraphs 59 and 60 of decision 1/CP.21 and paragraphs 8 and 9 of decision 1/CMP.11 may not align;

    2. Decides to renew the interim institutional arrangements with the Global Environment Facility as the interim secretariat of the Adaptation Fund Board for an additional three years, from 30 May 2017 to 30 May 2020;

    3. Also decides to restate the terms and conditions of the services to be provided by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the World Bank) as the interim trustee of the Adaptation Fund and to extend the term of the trustee’s services for an additional three years, from 30 May 2017 to 30 May 2020;

    4. Welcomes the financial pledges and contributions made to the Adaptation Fund by the Governments of Germany, Italy, Sweden and the Flemish and Walloon Regions of Belgium, amounting to USD 81 million;

    5. Takes note of the resource mobilization strategy of the Adaptation Fund Board;

    6. Notes with concern issues related to the sustainability, adequacy and predictability of funding for the Adaptation Fund based on the current uncertainty on the prices of certified emission reductions, assigned amount units and emission reduction units;

    7. Notes that the scale of funding required for projects in the active pipeline is estimated to be of the scale of USD 233.5 million and that the current available funds for new projects amount to USD 230.5 million, resulting in a current funding gap of USD 3 million;

    8. Encourages developed country Parties to scale up financial resources for the implementation of adaptation projects in the active pipeline of the Adaptation Fund;

    9. Also encourages the provision of voluntary support that is additional to the share of proceeds from clean development mechanism project activities in order to support the resource mobilization efforts of the Adaptation Fund Board, with a view to strengthening the Adaptation Fund;

    10. Further encourages the Adaptation Fund Board, in implementing its resource mobilization strategy, to further consider all potential sources of funding;

    11. Encourages the Adaptation Fund Board to continue its consideration of linkages between the Adaptation Fund and other funds, including the Green Climate Fund, and to report on its findings to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol at its thirteenth session (November 2017);

    12. Highlights the findings of the first stage of an independent overall evaluation of the Adaptation Fund,2 including that:

    (a) The Adaptation Fund has pioneered several issues related to adaptation finance and is meeting developing countries’ needs, including those related to direct access;

    (b) The design of the Adaptation Fund and its operational processes are efficient and largely coherent with guidance under the Convention and national adaptation priorities;

    (c) The Adaptation Fund has allowed countries to advance the implementation of important measures at the national and subnational levels, with links to national policymaking;

    (d) The policies adopted by the Adaptation Fund have created a solid foundation for operational success;

    13. Takes note of the information provided by the Adaptation Fund Board on the added value of the Adaptation Fund for the operationalization of the Paris Agreement, as contained in the addendum to annex I to the report of the Adaptation Fund Board; 

    14. Invites the Conference of the Parties to bring the information referred to in paragraph 13 above to the attention of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement. 

    Gender reference

    Annex: Terms of reference for the Paris Committee on Capacity-building

    4. Members identified in paragraph 2 above shall be nominated by their respective groups or constituencies and elected by the Conference of the Parties. Groups or constituencies are encouraged to nominate members identified in paragraph 2 above to the Committee with a view to achieving an appropriate balance of experts relevant to the aims of the Committee, taking into account the goal to achieve gender balance in accordance with decisions 36/CP.7 and 23/CP.18

    Elaborated language

    The Conference of the Parties,

    Recalling decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 76, requesting the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to develop the terms of reference for the Paris Committee on Capacity-building in the context of the third comprehensive review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in developing countries, with a view to recommending a draft decision on this matter for consideration and adoption by the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-second session,

    1. Adopts the terms of reference for the Paris Committee on Capacity-building established under decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 71, as contained in the annex;
    2. Reaffirms that the objective of the Paris Committee on Capacity-building is to address gaps and needs, both current and emerging, in implementing capacity-building in developing country Parties and further enhance capacity-building efforts, including with regard to coherence and coordination in capacity-building activities under the Convention;
    3. Recalls that the Conference of the Parties, at its twenty-fifth session (November 2019), will review the progress, need for extension, the effectiveness and enhancement of the Paris Committee on Capacity-building;
    4. Also recalls that the Paris Committee on Capacity-building will manage and oversee the workplan for the period 2016–2020 outlined in decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 73;
    5. Requests the Paris Committee on Capacity-building to further develop and adopt its working modalities and procedures at its first meeting;
    6. Also requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to organize the first meeting of the Paris Committee on Capacity-building in conjunction with the forty-sixth sessions of the subsidiary bodies (May 2017);
    7. Takes note of the budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat pursuant to the provisions contained in the annex;
    8. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in the annex be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

    Annex

    Terms of reference for the Paris Committee on Capacity-building

    1. In accordance with decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 71, the objective of the Paris Committee on Capacity-building (hereinafter referred to as the Committee) is to address gaps and needs, both current and emerging, in implementing capacity-building in developing country Parties and further enhancing capacity-building efforts, including with regard to coherence and coordination in capacity-building activities under the Convention.
    2. The Committee shall be composed of the following twelve members nominated by Parties, who shall serve in their personal capacity:
    1. Two members from each of the five United Nations regional groups;
    2. One member from the least developed countries;
    3. One member from the small island developing States.
    1. Six representatives from bodies established under the Convention and from the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism will be invited to participate in all the meetings of the Committee in line with the annual theme of the Committee.
    2. Members identified in paragraph 2 above shall be nominated by their respective groups or constituencies and elected by the Conference of the Parties. Groups or constituencies are encouraged to nominate members identified in paragraph 2 above to the Committee with a view to achieving an appropriate balance of experts relevant to the aims of the Committee, taking into account the goal to achieve gender balance in accordance with decisions 36/CP.7 and 23/CP.18.
    3. Members identified in paragraph 2 above shall serve a term of two years and shall be eligible to serve a maximum of two consecutive terms in office. The following rules shall apply:
    1. Half of the members shall be elected initially for a term of three years, and half shall be elected for a term of two years;
    2. Thereafter, the Conference of the Parties shall elect half of the members every year for a term of two years.
    1. Representatives identified in paragraph 3 above shall be invited for a term of one year.
    2. If a member of the Committee identified in paragraph 2 resigns or is otherwise unable to complete the assigned term of office or to perform the functions of that office, the Committee may decide, bearing in mind the proximity of the next session of the Conference of the Parties, to appoint another member from the same group or constituency to replace said member for the remainder of that member’s mandate, in which case the appointment shall count as one term.
    3. The Committee shall elect annually two co-chairs from among its members identified in paragraph 2 above to serve for a term of one year each.
    4. If a co-chair is temporarily unable to fulfil the obligations of the office, any other member identified in paragraph 2 above designated by the Committee shall serve as co-chair.
    5. If a co-chair is unable to complete the term of office, the Committee shall elect a replacement from among the members identified in paragraph 2 above to complete that term of office.
    6. The Committee will meet during annual in-session meetings to be organized by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation.
    7. The Committee shall decide on its annual focus area or theme, recalling decision 1/CP.21, paragraph 74, related to enhanced technical exchange on capacity-building, with the purpose of maintaining up-to-date knowledge on the successes and challenges in building capacity effectively in a particular area, and will report on this work in its annual technical progress report.
    8. The Committee shall further develop and adopt its working modalities and procedures at its first meeting, and revise them as necessary.
    9. The Committee may invite other bodies established under the Convention and the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention to identify representatives to collaborate, as appropriate, on specific activities related to its work.
    10. The Committee may engage with and draw upon the expertise from relevant institutions, organizations, frameworks, networks and centres outside the Convention, including at the intergovernmental, regional, national and subnational levels, where appropriate.
    11. The meetings will be open to attendance by Parties and admitted observer organizations, except where otherwise decided by the Committee, with a view to encouraging a balanced regional representation of observers
    12. The Committee will prepare annual technical progress reports on its work for submission to the Conference of the Parties through the Subsidiary Body of Implementation, and will make these reports available at the sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation coinciding with the sessions of the Conference of the Parties.
    13. The proceedings and outputs of the Committee shall be made publicly available on the UNFCCC website.
    14. The secretariat will support and facilitate the work of the Committee subject to the availability of resources.
    15. The working language of the Committee will be English.
    16. Members of the Committee shall reach their decisions by consensus.

    Gender reference

    4. Also invites the Paris Committee on Capacity-building, in managing the 2016–2020 workplan:

    (a) To take into consideration cross-cutting issues such as gender responsiveness, human rights and indigenous peoples’ knowledge;

    Elaborated language

    The Conference of the Parties,

    Recalling decisions 2/CP.7, 1/CP.21, and 14/CP.21,

    Reaffirming that capacity-building should be a participatory, country-driven and continuous process consistent with national priorities and circumstances,

    Also reaffirming that capacity-building is an integral component of the means of implementation to enable developing country Parties to implement the Convention and the Paris Agreement,

    Noting with appreciation the technical paper prepared by the secretariat on the third comprehensive review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in developing countries,

    Recognizing the active engagement of a wide spectrum of stakeholders, including State and non-State actors, in planning, implementing and monitoring activities with capacity-building components,

    Also recognizing the significant increase of information on capacity-building activities made available by Parties, international organizations, the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism, United Nations specialized agencies and other institutions,

    Noting with appreciation the success of the 5th meeting of the Durban Forum for indepth discussion on capacity-building, held during the forty-fourth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation,

    Noting the significant participation of non-State actors in the 5th meeting of the Durban Forum and their useful contributions to the discussions,

    Also noting good practices in capacity-building that foster country-driven processes, country ownership, South–South cooperation, participatory as well as iterative approaches to capacity-building,

    1. Recognizes that, while the objective and scope of capacity-building in developing countries as contained in decision 2/CP.7 are still relevant, current and emerging areas in the context of the Convention and the Paris Agreement should also be taken into account in the further implementation of the framework for capacity-building in developing countries;

    2. Recalls that the Paris Committee on Capacity-building aims to address both current and emerging gaps and needs in implementing capacity-building in developing country Parties and to further enhance capacity-building efforts, including with regard to coherence and coordination in capacity-building activities under the Convention;

    3. Invites Parties to consider how to enhance existing reporting on the impacts of capacity-building activities, good practices and lessons learned and on how these are fed back into relevant processes to enhance the implementation of capacity-building activities; 

    4. Also invites the Paris Committee on Capacity-building, in managing the 2016–2020 workplan:

    (a) To take into consideration cross-cutting issues such as gender responsiveness, human rights and indigenous peoples’ knowledge;

    (b) To take into consideration the outcomes of the third comprehensive review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in developing countries;

    (c) To take into consideration previous work undertaken on indicators for capacity-building;

    (d) To promote and explore linkages with other constituted bodies under the Convention and the Paris Agreement, as appropriate, that include capacity-building in their scopes;

    (e) To promote and explore synergies for enhanced collaboration with institutions outside the Convention and the Paris Agreement engaged in implementing capacity-building activities;

    (f) To take into consideration ways of enhancing reporting on capacity-building activities, taking into account all initiatives, actions and measures on capacity-building under the Convention and the Paris Agreement as well as existing reporting mandates, in order to achieve coherence and coordination;

    5. Further invites Parties to foster networking and enhance their collaboration with academia and research centres, with a view to promoting individual, institutional and systemic capacity-building through education, training and public awareness;

    6. Invites the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to facilitate complementarity between the Durban Forum and the Paris Committee on Capacity-building;

    7. Also invites Parties to cooperate in order to enhance the capacity of developing country Parties to implement the Convention and the Paris Agreement, and further invites developed country Parties to enhance support for capacity-building actions in developing country Parties;

    8. Further invites relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, as well as the private sector, academia and other stakeholders, to continue incorporating into their work programmes the scope of needs referred to in paragraph 1 above as contained in decision 2/CP.7;

    9. Invites United Nations agencies, multilateral organizations and relevant admitted observer organizations engaged in providing capacity-building support to developing countries to provide information to the secretariat to be uploaded on the capacity-building portal; 

    10. Also invites Parties to submit, by 9 March 2017, their views on potential topics for the 6th meeting of the Durban Forum;

    11. Further invites Parties to submit, by 9 March 2017, their views on the fourth review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in countries with economies in transition, to be conducted at the forty-sixth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (May 2017) and concluded at the twenty-third session of the Conference of the Parties (November 2017); 

    12. Decides to conclude the third comprehensive review of the implementation of the framework for capacity-building in developing countries under the Convention and to initiate the fourth comprehensive review thereof at the fiftieth session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (June 2019), with a view to completing that review at the twenty-fifth session of the Conference of the Parties (November 2019);

    13. Takes note of the budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat pursuant to the provisions contained in paragraph 4 above;

    14. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

    Gender reference

    Reaffirming the key role that youth, women and civil society organizations play in the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention, [...]

    2. Encourages Parties to continue to promote the systematic integration of gender-sensitive and participatory education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information into all mitigation and adaptation activities implemented under the Convention, as well as under the Paris Agreement, including into the implementation of their nationally determined contributions and the formulation of long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies; 

    Elaborated language

    The Conference of the Parties,

    Recalling Articles 4 and 6 of the Convention,

    Also recalling decisions 15/CP.18, 19/CP.20 and 15/CP.21,

    Further recalling Article 12 of the Paris Agreement, which states that Parties shall cooperate in taking measures, as appropriate, to enhance climate change education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information, recognizing the importance of these steps with respect to enhancing climate change adaptation and mitigation actions under the Agreement,

    Recognizing that ensuring the availability of sufficient financial and technical resources continues to be a challenge for the adequate implementation of Article 6 of the Convention for all Parties, particularly developing country Parties,

    Reaffirming the key role that youth, women and civil society organizations play in the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention,

    Acknowledging the valuable support provided by international organizations, including the members of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness, in strengthening international cooperation to scale up all elements of Article 6 of the Convention, including through the implementation of regional, national and local projects,

    Having completed the intermediate review of the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention,

    1. Recognizes that progress has been made by Parties and other relevant stakeholders in planning, coordinating and implementing climate change education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information, as well as international cooperation on these matters;

    2. Encourages Parties to continue to promote the systematic integration of gender-sensitive and participatory education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information into all mitigation and adaptation activities implemented under the Convention, as well as under the Paris Agreement, including into the implementation of their nationally determined contributions and the formulation of long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies;

    3. Also encourages Parties to foster the participation of relevant stakeholders in all mitigation and adaptation activities implemented under the Convention;

    4. Urges Parties, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, academia, research institutions, the private sector, state and local governments and youth to continue to implement policies and activities pursuant to Article 6 of the Convention;

    5. Invites Parties to enhance cross-sectoral coordination among all ministries dealing with climate change and ministries with responsibilities for education, training, public awareness and international cooperation; 

    6. Encourages Parties to submit information as part of their national communications, and where possible in other reporting under the Convention, on their actions taken to implement the Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention and to share their experiences and best practices for the purpose of reviewing the Doha work programme in 2020, noting that the six elements of Article 6 of the Convention provide a useful guide for such reporting;

    7. Also encourages Parties that have not already done so to designate a national focal point for Article 6 of the Convention and to inform the secretariat accordingly;

    8. Welcomes the initiative of the Government of Morocco, as the host of the twentysecond session of the Conference of the Parties and the twelfth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, to organize an education day during those sessions;

    9. Encourages the presidencies of subsequent sessions to hold similar thematic events related to Article 6 of the Convention to that referred to in paragraph 8 above;

    10. Invites multilateral and bilateral institutions and organizations, including operating entities of the Financial Mechanism, to provide, or to continue to provide, financial resources to support activities related to the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention;

    11. Requests the Global Environment Facility to continue to provide financial resources to Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention, in particular African countries, the least developed countries and small island developing States, in order to support activities related to the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention;

    12. Invites relevant international organizations, including United Nations organizations, such as the members of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness, and the United Nations regional commissions, to continue supporting Parties and stakeholders in the implementation of the Doha work programme by:

    (a) Organizing regional and subregional multi-stakeholder workshops on Article 6 of the Convention to facilitate a regular exchange of views, good practices and lessons learned;

    (b) Providing technical and financial support for enhancing the implementation of the Doha work programme;

    (c) Supporting the development of national strategies on Article 6 of the Convention;

    (d) Disseminating information and resource materials, as well as good practices, on the six elements of Article 6 of the Convention;

    13. Requests the secretariat:

    (a) To continue facilitating a regular exchange of views, good practices and lessons learned among the national focal points for Article 6 of the Convention;

    (b) To organize workshops, videoconferences and activities at the international and regional levels in order to build and strengthen the existing skills and capacity of the national focal points for Article 6 of the Convention, taking into account opportunities to integrate such efforts into workshops held by relevant bodies under the Convention;

    (c) To explore ways to develop linkages, synergies and alignment with technical assistance activities being organized in the context of the work of relevant bodies under the Convention, including the in-session Dialogues on Action for Climate Empowerment;

    (d) To continue collaborating with admitted observer organizations, other stakeholders and international organizations, such as the members of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness, with a view to catalysing further action in fulfilment of Article 6 of the Convention;

    (e) To continue its work on the United Nations Joint Framework Initiative on Children, Youth and Climate Change in order to enhance the involvement and participation of youth in activities related to Article 6 of the Convention;

    (f) To cease the maintenance and development of the climate change information network clearing house CC:iNet and to integrate its featured content into other UNFCCC web-based resources and communication activities, including the UNFCCC website, the UNFCCC Newsroom and multiple UNFCCC social media outlets, as a way to enhance the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention;

    (g) To continue to collect the contact details of the nominated national focal points for Article 6 of the Convention and to update the designated UNFCCC web page;

    (h) To organize, in collaboration with the Government of Morocco, a multistakeholder education day to showcase and galvanize good practices in implementing the Doha work programme;

    14. Decides that efforts related to the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention shall be referred to as Action for Climate Empowerment;

    15. Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in paragraph 13 above; 16. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

    16. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources.

    Gender reference

    Decides to extend the Lima Work Programme on Gender (LWPG) for a period of three years, to be reviewed at COP25 in 2019.

    The Decision takes forward many of the activities that were part of the initial work programme including,

    a) training for delegates on gender and climate change;

    b) capacity building/negotiation skills for women delegates;

    c) a set of in-session workshops in 2018 & 2019; and

    d) technical guidance on entry points related to gender across other bodies of the UNFCCC.

    It advances the work through newer actions, such as:

    e) requesting both technical bodies and Parties, as well as the Financial mechanism, to enhance communications and reporting on progress implementing gender-responsive climate policy;

    f) requesting that a gender perspective be considered in the organization of the technical expert meetings on mitigation and adaptation; and

    g) inviting Parties to appoint and provide support for a national gender focal point for climate negotiations, implementation and monitoring.

    Finally, in order to drive the work of the LWPG, Parties agreed to the development of a ‘Gender Action Plan’.

    Elaborated language

    The Conference of the Parties,

    Recalling decisions 36/CP.7, 1/CP.16, 23/CP.18, 18/CP.20 and 1/CP.21 and the Paris Agreement,

    Underscoring the importance of coherence between gender-responsive climate policies and the balanced participation of women and men in the Convention process and the provisions of international instruments and outcomes such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,

    Noting that, notwithstanding the progress made by Parties in implementing the decisions referred to above, there is a need for women to be represented in all aspects of the Convention process, including through membership of their national delegations and the chairing and facilitation of formal and informal negotiating groups,

    Acknowledging with appreciation the important role of the two-year Lima work programme on gender in the incorporation of a gender perspective in the work of the Parties and the secretariat in implementing the Convention,

    Noting with appreciation the contributions received in support of the work undertaken so far,

    Also noting that gender-responsive climate policy still requires further strengthening in all activities concerning adaptation, mitigation and related means of implementation (finance, technology development and transfer and capacity-building) as well as decisionmaking on the implementation of climate policies,

    1. Welcomes the report by the secretariat on the in-session workshop on gender-responsive climate policy with a focus on adaptation, capacity-building and training for delegates on gender issues, which was held during the forty-fourth sessions of the subsidiary bodies;

    2. Notes with appreciation the submissions from Parties and observers as input for the workshop referred to in paragraph 1 above;

    3. Takes note of the report by the secretariat on the gender composition of constituted bodies established under the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol, and the urgent need to improve the representation of women in all of the bodies established under the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement;

    4. Urges Parties to enhance their efforts in advancing the implementation of decisions 36/CP.7, 1/CP.16, 23/CP.18 and 18/CP.20

    5. Takes note of the submissions from Parties and observers on possible elements and guiding principles for continuing and enhancing the Lima work programme on gender, including information from Parties on progress made towards achieving the goals of gender balance and gender-responsive climate policy in response to the invitation contained in decision 18/CP.20, paragraph 1;

    6. Decides to continue and enhance the Lima work programme on gender for a period of three years as set out in paragraphs 7–30 below and to undertake, at the twenty-fifth session of the Conference of the Parties (November 2019), a review of the work programme;

    7. Invites Parties to continue to assist:

    (a) Training and awareness-raising for female and male delegates on issues related to gender balance and climate change;

    (b) Building the skills and capacity of their female delegates to participate effectively in UNFCCC meetings through training on, inter alia, negotiation skills, the drafting of legal documents and strategic communication;

    8. Also invites Parties and relevant organizations to continue to assist the activities referred to in paragraph 7 above, with a special focus on training and capacity-building for delegates from Parties that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change;

    9. Requests the secretariat to continue to support the organization of the training and capacity-building efforts referred to in paragraphs 7 and 8 above, inter alia, in conjunction with sessions of the subsidiary bodies;

    10. Invites Parties to increase the representation and active participation of women in the bodies established under the Convention;

    11. Decides that annual in-session workshops will be held in conjunction with the sessions of the subsidiary bodies in the first sessional period of 2018 and 2019;

    12. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to elaborate the topics for the workshops referred to in paragraph 11 above during 2017 and to report on the topics that it recommends for the workshops to the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-third session (November 2017);

    13. Also requests the secretariat to prepare a technical paper identifying entry points for integrating gender considerations in workstreams under the UNFCCC process for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its forty-eighth session (April– May 2018);

    14. Further requests all constituted bodies under the UNFCCC process to include in their regular reports information on progress made towards integrating a gender perspective in their processes according to the entry points identified in the technical paper referred to in paragraph 13 above;

    15. Requests the secretariat to prepare biennial synthesis reports on the information contained in the reports referred to in paragraph 14 above for consideration by the Conference of the Parties, with the first biennial synthesis report to be prepared for the consideration of the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-fifth session (November 2019);

    16. Encourages Parties and the secretariat to take into consideration a gender perspective in the organization of the technical expert meetings on mitigation and adaptation, in accordance with decision 1/CP.21, paragraphs 111 and 129;

    17. Invites Parties to mainstream a gender perspective in the enhancement of climate technology development and transfer;

    18. Requests the secretariat, if updating the accreditation process for the Parties, to improve, as appropriate, the accuracy of data on the gender of the participants as a means of providing accurate data to assess progress made on the participation of women delegates in UNFCCC meetings and those of constituted bodies;

    19. Also requests the secretariat to continue to prepare an annual report on gender composition in accordance with decisions 23/CP.18 and 18/CP.20;

    20. Further requests the secretariat to undertake research and analysis on challenges to the full and equal participation of women in climate-related processes and activities and to prepare a technical paper on achieving the goal of gender balance as mandated by decisions 36/CP.7, 1/CP.16 and 23/CP.18, based on submissions and its own research for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-third session;

    21. Requests the Financial Mechanism and its operating entities to include in their respective annual reports to the Conference of the Parties information on the integration of gender considerations in all aspects of their work;

    22. Invites Parties to appoint and provide support for a national gender focal point for climate negotiations, implementation and monitoring;

    23. Encourages Parties, when reporting on their climate policies under the UNFCCC process, to include information on how they are integrating gender considerations into such policies;

    24. Also encourages Parties to integrate local and traditional knowledge in the formulation of climate policy and to recognize the value of the participation of grassroots women in gender-responsive climate action at all levels;

    25. Requests the secretariat to maintain and regularly update its web pages for sharing information on women’s participation and on gender-responsive climate policy;

    26. Invites Parties and non-Party stakeholders to share information on their work related to integrating a gender perspective in the activities and work under the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement;

    27. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to develop a gender action plan in order to support the implementation of gender-related decisions and mandates under the UNFCCC process, which may include priority areas, key activities and indicators, timelines for implementation, the responsible and key actors and indicative resource requirements for each activity, and further elaborate its process of review and monitoring;

    28. Invites Parties, members of constituted bodies, United Nations organizations, observers and other stakeholders to consult through meetings, prior to the forty-sixth sessions of the subsidiary bodies (May 2017), in order to provide inputs to the formulation of the gender action plan referred to in paragraph 27 above;

    29. Requests the secretariat to convene, in cooperation with Parties and interested observers and other stakeholders, an in-session workshop during the forty-sixth sessions of the subsidiary bodies to develop possible elements of the gender action plan referred to in paragraph 27 above for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its forty-seventh session (November 2017);

    30. Invites submissions from Parties, observers and other stakeholders, by 25 January 2017, on their views on the matters to be addressed at the in-session workshop referred to in paragraph 29 above; 

    31. Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in this decision;

    32. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources;

    33. Invites Parties and relevant organizations to participate and engage in implementing gender-related activities within the work programme.

    Gender reference

    Annex: Updated guidelines for the sixth review of the Financial Mechanism

    C. Criteria

    3. The effectiveness of the Financial Mechanism will be assessed taking into account the following:

    (c) The extent to which the Financial Mechanism is contributing to gender sensitive approaches;

    Elaborated language

    The Conference of the Parties,

    Recalling decisions 3/CP.4, 2/CP.12, 6/CP.13, 2/CP.16, 8/CP.19, 9/CP.20 and 1/CP.21,

    Recognizing that the review of the Financial Mechanism should inform the replenishment processes of the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism,

    1. Decides to adopt the updated guidelines for the sixth review of the Financial Mechanism contained in the annex;

    2. Requests the Standing Committee on Finance to provide, in its report to the twentythird session of the Conference of the Parties (November 2017), expert input to the sixth review of the Financial Mechanism, with a view to the review being finalized by the Conference of the Parties at its twenty-third session;

    3. Invites Parties, observers and other interested international organizations, stakeholders and non-governmental organizations involved in the activities of the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism to submit, by 30 April 2017, their views on the sixth review of the Financial Mechanism based on the guidelines contained in the annex, for consideration by the Standing Committee on Finance in preparing its expert input to the review.

    Annex

    Updated guidelines for the sixth review of the Financial Mechanism

    A. Objectives

    1. In accordance with Article 11, paragraph 4, of the Convention, the objectives of the sixth review of the Financial Mechanism will be as follows:

    (a) To review the Financial Mechanism and take appropriate measures regarding:

    (i) Its conformity with the provisions of Article 11 of the Convention and the guidance provided by the Conference of the Parties (COP);

    (ii) The effectiveness of the activities it funds in implementing the Convention;

    (iii) Its effectiveness in providing financial resources on a grant or concessional basis, including for the transfer of technology, for the implementation of the Convention’s objective on the basis of the guidance provided by the COP;

    (iv) Its effectiveness in providing resources to developing country Parties under Article 4, paragraph 3, of the Convention;

    (v) The effectiveness of access modalities for developing countries;

    (b) To examine consistency and complementarity between the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism, and between the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism and other sources of investment and financial flows, including:

    (i) Examining relevant sources, channels and means of financing, as indicated in Article 11, paragraph 5, of the Convention, that would assist developing country Parties to contribute to the achievement of the objective of the Convention, in particular innovative means of financing, such as for the development of endogenous technologies in developing countries;

    (ii) Examining the role of the Financial Mechanism in scaling up the level of resources;

    (iii) Assessing enabling environments for catalysing investment in, and the transfer of, environmentally sound technologies that mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, and for enhancing resilience to climate change.

    B. Sources of information

    2. The review shall draw upon, inter alia, the following sources of information:

    (a) Information provided by Parties on their experiences regarding financial support provided and received in accordance with COP decisions;

    (b) Annual guidance provided by the COP to the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism with regard to the conformity of their activities with the guidance provided by the COP;

    (c) The annual reports of the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) to the COP on its activities and relevant technical information produced by the committee such as the biennial assessments and overview of climate finance flows and outcomes of the SCF forums;

    (d) The annual reports of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to the COP on its activities as an operating entity of the Financial Mechanism, including the information on the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Special Climate Change Fund, and other relevant GEF policy and information documents;

    (e) The reports from the GEF Independent Evaluation Office;

    (f) The annual reports of the Board of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) to the COP on its activities as an operating entity of the Financial Mechanism and other relevant GCF policy and information documents;

    (g) The reports of the Adaptation Fund Board to the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol and the outcomes of the reviews of the Adaptation Fund;

    (h) The outcomes and reports of the United Nations processes, relevant bilateral and multilateral funding institutions and other intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations dealing with climate financing;

    (i) Relevant reports on private-sector financing and investment for climate change activities;

    (j) Technical papers and reports prepared by the secretariat at the request of the COP which are relevant to the financial needs of developing country Parties under the Convention;

    (k) Information contained in the national communications of Parties to the Convention, technology needs assessments and national adaptation programmes of action;

    (l) The reports of the in-session workshops on long-term finance;

    (m) The biennial submissions from developed country Parties on their updated strategies and approaches for scaling up climate finance from 2014 to 2020, including any available information on quantitative and qualitative elements of a pathway;

    (n) The reports of the Least Developed Countries Expert Group and the Consultative Group of Experts on National Communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention.

    C. Criteria

    3. The effectiveness of the Financial Mechanism will be assessed taking into account the following:

    (a) The transparency of the decision-making processes of the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism;

    (b) The level of stakeholder involvement;

    (c) The extent to which the Financial Mechanism is contributing to gender-sensitive approaches;

    (d) The adequacy and predictability, accessibility and timeliness and rate of disbursement of funds for activities in developing country Parties, including projects in the pipeline; 

    (e) The responsiveness, efficiency and performance of the cycle for project/programme approval procedures of the operating entities of the Financial Mechanism;

    (f) The amount of resources provided to developing country Parties, including financing for technical assistance and investment projects, and the mechanisms for country allocation, as well as the results and impacts achieved by the resources provided;

    (g) The amount of finance leveraged, and modalities and ratios of co-financing and the use of financial instruments where applicable;

    (h) The extent to which the resources provided are contributing to achieving the objective of the Convention;

    (i) The sustainability of funded programmes, projects and operations in developing country Parties;

    (j) The extent to which the Financial Mechanism is contributing to the country ownership of programmes and projects. 

    Gender reference

    See elaborated language.

    Elaborated language

    The Conference of the Parties,

    Recalling decisions 36/CP.7, 1/CP.16, 23/CP.18, 18/CP.20, 1/CP.21 and 21/CP.22, as well as the Paris Agreement,

    Reaffirming the General Assembly resolution on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,

    Noting that gender-responsive climate policy continues to require further strengthening in all activities concerning adaptation, mitigation and related means of implementation (finance, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building), as well as decision-making on the implementation of climate policies,

    Also noting that, notwithstanding the progress made by Parties in implementing the decisions referred to above, there is a need for women to be represented in all aspects of the Convention process and a need for gender mainstreaming through all relevant targets and goals in activities under the Convention as an important contribution to increasing their effectiveness,

    Acknowledging with appreciation the important role of the extended Lima work programme on gender in integrating gender considerations into the work of Parties and the secretariat in implementing the Convention, and the role of the gender action plan (contained in the annex) in supporting the implementation of gender-related decisions and mandates under the UNFCCC process,

    Recalling decision 21/CP.22, paragraph 27, which mandated the development of a gender action plan in order to support the implementation of gender-related decisions and mandates under the UNFCCC process, which may include priority areas, key activities and indicators, timelines for implementation, responsible and key actors and indicative resource requirements for each activity, and the further elaboration of its review and monitoring processes,

    Also recalling that Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights as well as gender equality,

    Taking into account the imperative of a just transition of the workforce when implementing the gender action plan,

    1. Adopts the gender action plan, contained in the annex, under the Lima work programme on gender;

    2. Invites Parties, members of constituted bodies, United Nations organizations, observers and other stakeholders to participate and engage in implementing the gender action plan with a view to advancing towards the goal of mainstreaming a gender perspective in all elements of climate action;

    3. Welcomes the technical paper prepared by the secretariat on achieving the goal of gender balance;

    4. Notes the lack of progress made in delegations and constituted bodies towards the goal of gender balance;

    5. Requests the secretariat to prepare, for consideration by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation at its session to be held in November 2019, a synthesis report on the implementation of the gender action plan, identifying areas of progress, areas for improvement and further work to be undertaken in subsequent action plans, so as to elaborate recommendations for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its twentyfifth session (November 2019) in the context of the review referred to in paragraph 7 below;

    6. Decides that the topics of the annual in-session workshops to be held in conjunction with the sessions of the subsidiary bodies taking place in the first sessional period of 2018 and 20193 will be based on the submission referred to in activity E.1 of priority area E of the gender action plan (see table 5) and on the short- and long-term impacts of the gender action plan, which may also be informed by the synthesis report referred to in paragraph 5 above, respectively;

    7. Also decides to review, at its twenty-fifth session, the implementation of the gender action plan in the context of the review of the Lima work programme on gender4 so as to consider the next steps, including an assessment of the impacts of the gender action plan;

    8. Invites Parties and relevant organizations to participate and engage in the implementation of gender-related activities within the gender action plan, including enhancing the capacity of the gender focal point of the secretariat;

    9. Takes note of the estimated budgetary implications of the activities to be undertaken by the secretariat referred to in paragraphs 1, 5 and 6 above; 10. Requests that the actions of the secretariat called for in this decision be undertaken subject to the availability of financial resources. 

     

    Annex

    Gender action plan

    1. By decision 21/CP.22, paragraph 27, the Subsidiary Body for Implementation was requested to develop a gender action plan (GAP) in order to support the implementation of gender-related decisions and mandates in the UNFCCC process, which may include priority areas, key activities and indicators, timelines for implementation, responsible and key actors and indicative resource requirements for each activity, and to further elaborate its review and monitoring processes.

    2. The GAP, created under the Lima work programme on gender, seeks to advance women’s full, equal and meaningful participation and promote gender-responsive climate policy and the mainstreaming of a gender perspective in the implementation of the Convention and the work of Parties, the secretariat, United Nations entities and all stakeholders at all levels.

    3. Gender-responsive climate policy requires further strengthening in all activities concerning adaptation, mitigation and related means of implementation (finance, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building) as well as decision-making on the implementation of climate policies. The GAP recognizes the need for women to be represented in all aspects of the UNFCCC process and the need for gender mainstreaming through all relevant targets and goals in activities under the Convention as an important contribution to increasing their effectiveness.

    4. The GAP recognizes that gender-related action is being progressed across all areas of the Convention and with respect to the Paris Agreement. Many of the activities in the GAP have been the subject of action by a variety of relevant organizations and will continue to require further action beyond the time frame of the plan.

    5. The activities in the GAP vary in terms of measurability, and Parties are at various stages in terms of progress on this agenda. Some actions may be afforded differing degrees of prioritization according to the nature and scale of the climate policies being implemented and the capacities of Parties. The GAP recognizes that climate action under the Convention is a Party-driven process. Priority areas

    6. Parties, the secretariat and relevant organizations are invited to undertake the activities contained in the GAP, as appropriate. The GAP sets out, in five priority areas, the activities that will drive the achievement of its objectives.

    A. Capacity-building, knowledge-sharing and communication

    7. The GAP seeks to enhance the understanding and expertise of stakeholders on the systematic integration of gender considerations and the application of such understanding and expertise in the thematic areas under the Convention and the Paris Agreement and in policies, programmes and projects on the ground.

    B. Gender balance, participation and women’s leadership

    8. The GAP seeks to achieve and sustain the full, equal and meaningful participation of women in the UNFCCC process.

    C. Coherence

    9. The GAP seeks to strengthen the integration of gender considerations within the work of UNFCCC bodies, the secretariat and other United Nation entities and stakeholders towards the consistent implementation of gender-related mandates and activities.

    D. Gender-responsive implementation and means of implementation

    10. The GAP aims to ensure the respect, promotion and consideration of gender equality and the empowerment of women in the implementation of the Convention and the Paris Agreement.

    E. Monitoring and reporting

    11. The GAP seeks to improve tracking in relation to the implementation of and reporting on gender-related mandates under the UNFCCC. 

    See Table 1 for full list of Gender Action Plan activities.

    Gender reference

    2. Acknowledges the work undertaken by the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network in supporting the implementation of the Paris Agreement, and looks forward to enhanced efforts in this regard in the future, taking into consideration gender, endogenous technologies, including knowledge from local communities and indigenous people, and the balance between adaptation and mitigation;

    Elaborated language

    The Conference of the Parties,

    Recalling decisions 1/CP.18, 13/CP.18, 17/CP.20, 12/CP.21 and 15/CP.22,

    1. Welcomes the joint annual report of the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network for 2017, including the key messages and recommendations contained therein, and the progress of their work to facilitate the effective implementation of the Technology Mechanism;

    2. Acknowledges the work undertaken by the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network in supporting the implementation of the Paris Agreement, and looks forward to enhanced efforts in this regard in the future, taking into consideration gender, endogenous technologies, including knowledge from local communities and indigenous peoples, and the balance between adaptation and mitigation;

    3. Welcomes with appreciation the inclusion in the joint annual report referred to in paragraph 1 above of information on challenges and lessons learned by the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network in implementing their respective mandates;

    4. Takes note of the updated procedures for preparing the joint annual report of the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network, as contained in annex I to the joint annual report referred to in paragraph 1 above;

    5. Requests the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network to carry out monitoring and evaluation of the impacts of the implementation of their respective mandates;

    6. Notes with appreciation the collaboration between the Technology Executive Committee and the Climate Technology Centre and Network, and encourages the two bodies to continue to strengthen the collaboration across the entire technology cycle; 

    I. Activities and performance of the Technology Executive Committee in 2017

    7. Welcomes the progress made by the Technology Executive Committee in advancing the implementation of its rolling workplan for 2016–2018,2 including in the areas of: adaptation; climate technology financing; emerging and cross-cutting issues; innovation and research, development and demonstration; mitigation; and technology needs assessments;

    8. Invites Parties and all relevant stakeholders working on technology development and transfer, when implementing climate technology action, to consider the key messages and recommendations of the Technology Executive Committee, noting that these are in the areas of innovation, industrial energy and material efficiency, and technology needs assessments;

    9. Also invites the Technology Executive Committee to continue to enhance the linkages between the technology needs assessments process and the nationally determined contributions process, and between the technology needs assessments process and the national adaptation plans process; 

    10. Encourages the Technology Executive Committee to continue strengthening collaboration with other constituted bodies under the Convention, including the Adaptation Committee and the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage associated with Climate Change Impacts;

    11. Invites the Technology Executive Committee to enhance its communication and outreach strategy;

    II. Activities and performance of the Climate Technology Centre and Network in 2017

    12. Welcomes the progress made by the Climate Technology Centre and Network in 2017 in implementing its programme of work, including by enhancing its response to the increased requests for technical assistance; broadening the network membership; and increasing the use of expertise sourced from the network to address the requests for technical assistance;

    13. Encourages the Climate Technology Centre and Network to continue strengthening partnership and collaboration with relevant stakeholders;

    14. Notes that the Climate Technology Centre and Network continues to face challenges that need attention regarding sustainable funding for implementing its functions, and that further financial support should be provided, recalling decision 2/CP.17, paragraphs 139 and 141;

    15. Welcomes with appreciation the ongoing collaboration between the Climate Technology Centre and Network and the Green Climate Fund, wherein the services and expertise of the Climate Technology Centre and Network can strengthen proposals seeking support from the Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme and the Project Preparation Facility of the Green Climate Fund;

    16. Welcomes the engagement of the Climate Technology Centre and Network with the Global Environment Facility and multilateral development banks regarding collaborative activities, including the implementation of technical assistance requests with scalable investment potential;

    17. Invites the Climate Technology Centre and Network to continue providing support for enhancing the capacity of national designated entities;

    18. Also invites Parties that have not yet nominated their national designated entities to communicate their nomination to the secretariat through their national focal point.

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